Valley County, Idaho

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Valley County, Idaho
Seal of Valley County, Idaho
Seal
Map of Idaho highlighting Valley County
Location in the state of Idaho
Map of the United States highlighting Idaho
Idaho's location in the U.S.
Founded February 26, 1917
Named for The Long Valley of the
North Fork of the Payette River
Seat Cascade
Largest city McCall
Area
 • Total 3,734 sq mi (9,671 km2)
 • Land 3,678 sq mi (9,526 km2)
 • Water 56 sq mi (145 km2), 1.50%
Population
 • (2010) 9,862
 • Density 2.7/sq mi (1/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website co.valley.id.us

Valley County is a rural county located in west central Idaho in the United States. The population was 9,862 at the 2010 census, up from 7,651 in 2000.[1] The county seat is Cascade,[2] and the largest city is McCall.

Established in 1917, it was named after the Long Valley of the North Fork of the Payette River, which extends over 30 miles (50 km) from Payette Lake at McCall south to Cascade to Round Valley. The valley was formerly a summer pasture for livestock from the Boise Valley. Since the completion of the Cascade Dam in 1948, much of the northern valley has been covered by the Cascade Reservoir.

Valley County is home to the Idaho ground squirrel.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 3,733.66 square miles (9,670.1 km2), of which 3,677.82 square miles (9,525.5 km2) (or 98.50%) is land and 55.84 square miles (144.6 km2) (or 1.50%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Cascade Dam & reservoir

Highways[edit]

  • SH-55 - Payette River Scenic Byway

The county's primary highway is the north-south State Highway 55, the Payette River Scenic Byway, a designated national scenic byway. It heads north from Eagle in Ada County to Horseshoe Bend in Boise County, and climbs the whitewater of the Payette River to Cascade and McCall. The route turns west at Payette Lake in McCall and ends at New Meadows in Adams County, at the junction with US-95.[4]

Airports[edit]

The county has public-use airports owned by the state, by the U.S. Forest Service, and by local municipalities.[5]

Government and politics[edit]

Valley County has long been a Republican stronghold, like most of Idaho. In 2004 George Bush defeated John Kerry by a 21% margin (59-38%). In 2008 Valley County was much more competitive than in recent years, as John McCain defeated Barack Obama by only 7% (52-45%).

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 2,524
1930 3,488 38.2%
1940 4,035 15.7%
1950 4,270 5.8%
1960 3,663 −14.2%
1970 3,609 −1.5%
1980 5,604 55.3%
1990 6,109 9.0%
2000 7,651 25.2%
2010 9,862 28.9%
Est. 2012 9,545 −3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2012 Estimate[7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 7,651 people, 3,208 households, and 2,252 families residing in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 8,084 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.43% White, 0.69% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.04% Black or African American, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.10% from other races, and 1.40% from two or more races. 1.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 19.1% were of German, 16.4% English, 11.3% American and 10.1% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 3208 households out of which 28.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.90% were married couples living together, 5.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.80% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.70% under the age of 18, 4.40% from 18 to 24, 24.90% from 25 to 44, 32.20% from 45 to 64, and 14.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 105.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,927, and the median income for a family was $42,283. Males had a median income of $31,113 versus $21,777 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,246. About 6.20% of families and 9.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.10% of those under age 18 and 5.60% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

View from the top of West Mountain at Tamarack Resort,
overlooking Lake Cascade to the east.

Cities[edit]

Name Population
(2010)
Population
(2000)
Population
(1990)
Elevation
Cascade 939 997 866 4,760 ft (1,451 m)
Donnelly 152 138 135 4,865 ft (1,483 m)
McCall 2,991 2,084 2,270 5,013 ft (1,528 m)

Unincorporated communities[edit]

  • Big Creek
  • Lake Fork
  • Roseberry

Ski areas[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Payette Lake at McCall
  1. ^ Valley County QuickFacts, U.S. Census Bureau, 2009-02-20, accessed 2009-08-07.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  4. ^ Idaho Byways - Payette River Scenic Byway - accessed 2009-05-18
  5. ^ Public and Private Airports, Valley County, Idaho
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 25, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 25, 2013. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°44′N 115°34′W / 44.74°N 115.56°W / 44.74; -115.56