Valley County, Idaho
|Valley County, Idaho|
Location in the state of Idaho
Idaho's location in the U.S.
|Founded||February 26, 1917|
|Named for||The Long Valley of the
North Fork of the Payette River
|• Total||3,734 sq mi (9,671 km2)|
|• Land||3,678 sq mi (9,526 km2)|
|• Water||56 sq mi (145 km2), 1.50%|
|• Density||2.7/sq mi (1/km²)|
|Time zone||Mountain: UTC-7/-6|
Valley County is a rural county located in west central Idaho in the United States. The population was 9,862 at the 2010 census, up from 7,651 in 2000. The county seat is Cascade, and the largest city is McCall.
Established in 1917, it was named after the Long Valley of the North Fork of the Payette River, which extends over 30 miles (50 km) from Payette Lake at McCall south to Cascade to Round Valley. The valley was formerly a summer pasture for livestock from the Boise Valley. Since the completion of the Cascade Dam in 1948, much of the northern valley has been covered by the Cascade Reservoir.
Valley County is home to the Idaho ground squirrel.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 3,733.66 square miles (9,670.1 km2), of which 3,677.82 square miles (9,525.5 km2) (or 98.50%) is land and 55.84 square miles (144.6 km2) (or 1.50%) is water.
- Idaho County - north
- Adams County - west
- Gem County - southwest
- Boise County - south
- Custer County - east
- Lemhi County - east
National protected areas
- SH-55 - Payette River Scenic Byway
The county's primary highway is the north-south State Highway 55, the Payette River Scenic Byway, a designated national scenic byway. It heads north from Eagle in Ada County to Horseshoe Bend in Boise County, and climbs the whitewater of the Payette River to Cascade and McCall. The route turns west at Payette Lake in McCall and ends at New Meadows in Adams County, at the junction with US-95.
Government and politics
Valley County has long been a Republican stronghold, like most of Idaho. In 2004 George Bush defeated John Kerry by a 21% margin (59-38%). In 2008 Valley County was much more competitive than in recent years, as John McCain defeated Barack Obama by only 7% (52-45%).
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,651 people, 3,208 households, and 2,252 families residing in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 8,084 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.43% White, 0.69% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.04% Black or African American, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.10% from other races, and 1.40% from two or more races. 1.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 19.1% were of German, 16.4% English, 11.3% American and 10.1% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 3208 households out of which 28.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.90% were married couples living together, 5.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.80% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.81.
In the county the population was spread out with 23.70% under the age of 18, 4.40% from 18 to 24, 24.90% from 25 to 44, 32.20% from 45 to 64, and 14.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 105.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $36,927, and the median income for a family was $42,283. Males had a median income of $31,113 versus $21,777 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,246. About 6.20% of families and 9.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.10% of those under age 18 and 5.60% of those age 65 or over.
|Cascade||939||997||866||4,760 ft (1,451 m)|
|Donnelly||152||138||135||4,865 ft (1,483 m)|
|McCall||2,991||2,084||2,270||5,013 ft (1,528 m)|
- Valley County QuickFacts, U.S. Census Bureau, 2009-02-20, accessed 2009-08-07.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- Idaho Byways - Payette River Scenic Byway - accessed 2009-05-18
- Public and Private Airports, Valley County, Idaho
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
|Adams County||Custer County and Lemhi County|
|Gem County||Boise County|