Valley View (Romney, West Virginia)

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Valley View
Valley View Romney WV 2013 01.jpg
Valley View, viewed from the southeast, facing the home's front and side elevations, with Mill Creek Mountain in the background.
Valley View (Romney, West Virginia) is located in West Virginia
Valley View (Romney, West Virginia)
Location Depot Valley Road
Romney, West Virginia, United States
Coordinates 39°21′23.4″N 78°45′35.25″W / 39.356500°N 78.7597917°W / 39.356500; -78.7597917Coordinates: 39°21′23.4″N 78°45′35.25″W / 39.356500°N 78.7597917°W / 39.356500; -78.7597917
Area 6.63 acres (2.68 ha)
Built 1855
Architectural style Greek Revival
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 12001050[1]
Designated  December 12, 2012

Valley View is a mid-19th century Greek Revival residence and associated farm overlooking the South Branch Potomac River north of Romney, West Virginia. Valley View is located along Depot Valley Road. The South Branch Valley Railroad runs adjacent to the farm's property and is currently utilized by the Potomac Eagle Scenic Railroad.

The Valley View property had been a part of the South Branch Survey of Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron's Northern Neck Proprietary. It was settled by the Collins family in 1749, and acquired by the prominent Parsons family by 1772. The Valley View house was built by James "Big Jim" Parsons, Jr. in 1855. Following the American Civil War, Parsons' widow sold the farm to Charles Harmison. His wife, Elizabeth Smith Harmison, bestowed the name "Valley View" upon the farm, inspired by her childhood home "Western View" in Virginia, and by the scenic views of the South Branch Potomac River valley below. Following a series of owners, the property was purchased by the Mayhew family in 1979. Valley View's current proprietors, Robert and Kim Mayhew, have restored the historic residence and grounds.

The house at Valley View is a two-story brick Greek Revival style structure, featuring a rectangular architectural plan. The front entrance is covered by a small portico topped with a pediment-shaped gabled roof supported by wooden Doric columns. Its rear façade faces toward the South Branch Potomac River valley and Mill Creek Mountain. A two-story (or double) wooden porch stretches across the house's rear elevation. Each of the eight rooms within the original 1855 structure at Valley View is large and spacious; each includes a fireplace framed by a wooden geometric trabeated mantelpiece with classical elements. All of the original windows, wooden trim, and materials in the main section of the house remain intact. In 2012, Valley View was listed on the National Register of Historic Places for its locally significant Greek Revival architecture.

History[edit]

Background[edit]

The land upon which Valley View is located was originally part of the Northern Neck Proprietary,[2][3] a land grant awarded by Charles II of England to seven of his supporters in 1649, and again in 1688 by official patent.[4] One of these seven supporters, Thomas Colepeper, 2nd Baron Colepeper, acquired the right to the entire proprietary in 1681;[4] his grandson, Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, inherited it in 1719.[4][5] Lord Fairfax planned to maintain a portion of the proprietary as his personal manor. This tract, known as the South Branch Survey of the Northern Neck Proprietary, extended from the north end of The Trough to the confluence of the North and South Branches of the Potomac River.[3] In 1748, however, Fairfax commissioned James Genn to survey the South Branch Potomac River lowlands for sale and lease, with land lots ranging in size from 300 acres (120 ha) to 400 acres (160 ha).[3]

In 1749, the tract on which Valley View now stands was acquired from Lord Fairfax by John Collins.[6] The lot acquired by Collins consisted of 425 acres (172 ha), and was referred to as Lot Number 20 of the South Branch Survey.[6] Collins also owned a large tract of land spanning present-day Hampshire and Hardy counties.[7] His son Thomas Collins is thought to have inherited his father's landholdings as an "heir at law", as there is no record of any will by John Collins devising his properties.[7][a] By 1772, Thomas Collins acquired Lot Number 20, where he resided with his wife, Elizabeth.[6] In 1816, Collins was serving as a magistrate when Romney hosted a Virginia state election for electors in the Electoral College.[8] One representative from each of Virginia's then 25 counties traveled to Romney to cast their votes.[8] Collins, as magistrate, and county commissioner William Donaldson certified the convention's election results.[8]

In 1817, Thomas Collins sold Lot Number 20 to James Gregg Parsons. It is unknown whether the Collinses moved from the tract or continued living on it after the sale. Thomas Collins died in 1822, and Elizabeth Collins in 1823.[6]

Parsons family ownership[edit]

The Parsons family was a prominent one. Their ancestors were among the first English settlers in the Thirteen Colonies in 1635; around 1740, they settled in Hampshire County.[6] By 1778, Isaac Parsons (1752–1796) owned 161 acres (65 ha) of Lot Number 16 and all of Lot Number 17.[9] He represented Hampshire County as a member of the Virginia House of Delegates from 1789 until his death on August 25, 1796.[10] James Gregg Parsons, the eldest son of Isaac Parsons and his wife Mary Ellender Gregg,[11] was born in Hampshire County in 1773. In 1795, he married Mary Catherine Casey (1773–1846).[6]

Mary Catherine's grandfather, Peter Casey (1715–1787), had obtained Lot Number 21, adjoining Lot Number 20, from Lord Fairfax.[6] His son Nicholas Casey (1745–1833) had inherited Lot Number 21 and, in 1774, built the main house at Wappocomo on that tract.[6][12][13] Nicholas Casey had married Grace Foreman (1762–1796), the daughter of Hampshire County pioneer and colonial military officer William Foreman.[14] Their daughter Mary Catherine Casey was born in 1773.[14]

After their marriage, James Gregg and Mary Catherine Parsons reared their twelve children in the house that her father had built at Wappocomo. They inherited the house upon Nicholas Casey's death in 1833.[6]

James Gregg Parsons died on January 25, 1847, leaving the majority of his extensive landholdings to his three sons: James "Big Jim" Parsons, Jr. (1798–1858), David C. Parsons (1803–1860), and Isaac Parsons (1814–1862).[6][15] His eldest son, James "Big Jim" Parsons, Jr., inherited the Collins Tract (Lot Number 20).[6][7][15] David C. Parsons inherited Lot Number 13, south of Romney, on which Hickory Grove was later located.[6][15][16][17] The youngest son, Isaac Parsons, inherited Lot Number 21, described in the will as the "Casey Tract", which included Wappocomo.[6][15] James Gregg Parsons' sons also inherited the nearby "Jake Sugar Rum Tract, the McGuire Tract, and five town lots in Romney."[15] According to historian William K. Rice, by 1846 Parsons' sons and their families were all living on the tracts that they subsequently inherited. Rice determined that James Parsons, Jr. relocated to the Collins Tract around 1826, and was residing there at the time of his father's death.[6]

James Parsons, Jr., known as "Big Jim" on account of his height, was born in Hampshire County and engaged in agricultural pursuits and the raising of cattle.[6][7][18] In her Parsons' Family History and Record (1913), Parsons' relative and family genealogist Virginia Parsons MacCabe said of Parsons: "He was square and honorable in business, and had a large circle of friends; he had the urbanity and the gentility of manner which characterizes the true gentleman."[18] Parsons married Elizabeth Miller on January 8, 1829.[7][18] The couple had eleven children, several of whom received college educations.[6][7]

In 1855, Parsons undertook the construction of the present-day Valley View house one mile north of Romney on the Collins Tract.[7] Although he wrote many letters to his sister, Mary Gregg Parsons Stump, on topics such as farming, cattle, family, health, and community events, no letters are known to remain from the duration of the house's construction.[6] The Parsons family owned several slaves; it is thought that they assisted with the house's construction.[6]

Big Jim occupied his new house for only three years before his death of tuberculosis on October 14, 1858.[6][18][19] His widow Elizabeth continued to live in the house until after the American Civil War.[6][20] In 1867 or 1869,[b] she sold the house, the Collins Tract, and the remainder of Lot Number 20 to Charles Harmison (1823–1896) for $8,500, and moved with her remaining children to Missouri, where she died in 1883.[6][18][20] The costs of building the house had financially strained the Parsons family;[6][19] historian Catherine Snider Long suggests that Elizabeth Miller Parsons sold the house as a result of further monetary strain caused by the war, from which the Parsons family was unable to fully recover.[20]

Harmison family ownership[edit]

Valley View
General information
Type Residential
Architectural style Greek Revival
Completed 1855
Client James "Big Jim" Parsons, Jr.
Owner
  • John Collins
  • Thomas Collins
  • James Gregg Parsons
  • James "Big Jim" Parsons, Jr.
  • Elizabeth Miller Parsons
  • Mr. and Mrs. Charles Harmison
  • Mr. and Mrs. George Harmison
  • Mr. and Mrs. Paul Harmison
  • Rev. and Mrs. Philip Newell
  • Mr. and Mrs. Robert Mayhew

Charles Harmison was born in Franklin County, Illinois, to Nathaniel and Lydia Harmison.[21] He married Elizabeth "Bettie" Ann Smith (1827–1903) on May 4, 1854 in Taylor County, West Virginia.[21] His bride was the daughter of C. C. and Martha W. Smith,[21] and was raised at "Western View", their Fauquier County, Virginia home.[6][20][22] By 1867, Harmison and his family were residing in Harrison County.[20]

Charles Harmison's older brother had previously moved to Romney, where he established and operated the Virginia House hotel.[20] In 1867, this brother learned that the Parsons' farm was to be listed for sale and he urged Charles to buy and operate the farm.[20] Charles's wife wanted to move closer to Virginia, and she too urged her husband to buy the Parsons' property.[20] Charles did so; and he and his wife, with their then seven children and a young African American boy named Snoden, relocated from Harrison County to Hampshire County in three days' time,[6][20] traveling via the Northwestern Turnpike in an ambulance that Charles had purchased after the war.[20] Elizabeth Harmison named their new house and farm "Valley View," influenced by the name of her childhood home and by the view of the South Branch Potomac River valley which the farm overlooks.[6][20][22]

Harmison prospered in Hampshire County, and he acquired additional land tracts which further enlarged the Valley View estate.[20][23] He later devised these acquired land tracts to his children upon their marriages on which to establish their own homes.[20] In 1884, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad completed construction of its South Branch rail line, connecting the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad main line at Green Spring to Romney; the new line bisected the Valley View property.[24] Charles Harmison continued to reside at Valley View until his death on October 31, 1896.[25]

Charles and Elizabeth's son George Edward Harmison (1863–1916) inherited the home place at Valley View around 1903, and he brought his bride Carrie Belle Fox (1870–1953) to live there following their marriage on October 4, 1905.[6][20][26] Harmison demolished the old log kitchen at Valley View, and replaced it with a contemporary kitchen building.[6]

The Hampshire Southern Railroad was completed from the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's Romney Depot spur to the South Branch Potomac River by 1909, and in October of that year, the first train to travel the line passed over Harmison's bottomlands and crossed the river on the uncompleted wooden trestle.[27] In 1910, the 18-mile (29 km) line from the Romney spur terminus at Valley View to McNeill was completed and in operation.[24] Later in 1910, both freight and passenger service commenced between Romney and Moorefield, thus providing a direct rail link between Moorefield and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad main line at Green Spring.[24][28] The Hampshire Southern Railroad Company continued to operate this rail line until 1911, when it was purchased by the Moorefield and Virginia Railroad Company.[24][28] The Moorefield and Virginia Railroad Company subsequently transferred the rail line to the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company in 1913, after which it became part of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's South Branch line.[28]

In 1911, George Harmison subdivided Valley View's fields atop Yellow Banks, overlooking the South Branch Potomac River. The new development, known as the Valley View Addition to Romney, lay south of the Valley View house and west of Romney Depot. 21 of the lots were sold at a public auction on September 27, 1911; several more were sold privately.[27]

Harmison died in 1916 and his wife Carrie continued to reside at Valley View until her death on February 8, 1953.[20][29][30] Harmison's nephew Paul Cresap Harmison (1893–1972; a grandson of Charles Harmison's brother Jonathan Harmison) and his wife Nancy Parker Harmison (1896–1981) moved to Valley View to live with her, and following her death and the death of Bess Fox, Paul and Nancy Parker Harmison inherited the house and farm.[23] The house and farm at Valley View remained in the possession of the Harmison family until 1963, when they were sold to Reverend Philip Newell and his wife, Martha Newell.[6][23]

Mind Garage[edit]

The members of the psychedelic rock and roll band Mind Garage resided at Valley View during the summer of 1968.[31] During their stay at Valley View, the band wrote many of the songs that were later included in their first RCA Records album and the Mind Garage Early Years album.[31] Several of the songs were conceived on the porch overlooking the valley, then developed and practiced in the barn downhill from the house's backyard.[31] Among the songs written at Valley View was "Circus Farm", inspired by the view of the South Branch Potomac River valley from the house's second-story rear porch.[31]

Mayhew family ownership[edit]

In the course of its changes in ownership, the original Lot Number 20 of the South Branch Survey had been repeatedly partitioned and sold. By 1976, the original property had been divided into five farms and additional parcels, including the Valley View Addition.[7] The tract upon which the residence at Valley View is located currently consists of 6.63 acres (2.68 ha).[6]

Valley View was purchased by Robert Mayhew's father and a business associate in 1979.[6][31] Robert Mayhew subsequently purchased the Valley View property from his father; he and his wife, Kim Mayhew, have restored the historic residence and grounds.[31]

In 2008, the Hampshire County Historic Landmarks Commission and the Hampshire County Commission embarked upon an initiative to place structures and districts on the National Register of Historic Places following a series of surveys of historic properties throughout the county.[32] The county received funding for the surveying and documentation of Hampshire County architecture and history from the State Historic Preservation Office of the West Virginia Division of Culture and History.[32] Valley View was one of the first eight historic properties to be considered for placement on the register as a result of the county's initiative.[32] The other seven properties were: Capon Chapel, Fort Kuykendall, Hickory Grove, Hook Tavern, North River Mills Historic District, Old Pine Church, and Springfield Brick House.[32] The house at Valley View was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on December 12, 2012.[1][2]

Architecture[edit]

The house at Valley View is historically significant for its Greek Revival architecture.[2] According to architectural historian Courtney Fint Zimmerman, "Valley View is a characteristic example of the Greek Revival style for more practical residential applications in outlying areas."[6] The house at Valley View exhibits several elemental Greek Revival design characteristics, including a symmetrical and organized architectural plan and elevations and "substantial, formal" mass.[2] Zimmerman, who prepared Valley View's registration form for the National Register of Historic Places, remarked "Valley View’s applied details in the Greek Revival style, including the front entrance entablature and portico, are more limited, yet the variations that can be seen on Valley View and other estates in the South Branch Valley illustrate the flexibility inherent in the style."[2]

Valley View's house consists of the original 1855 brick section, and a board-and-batten 1961–1962 kitchen addition.[22] The grounds contain an extant smokehouse and a water well, and the foundations of an ice house and a summer kitchen.[33]

The bricks from which the house was built were fired in its immediate vicinity along the banks of the South Branch Potomac River.[6][7][34] The brick walls were reinforced with hand-wrought structural iron angles.[6][7][34] The nails used in the house's construction were fabricated by a local blacksmith, and the wooden sills and joists were sawn by hand.[6][34] All of the original windows, trim, and building materials in the main section of the house were still present as of 2012.[35]

Exterior[edit]

Valley View's house, built in 1855, is a two-story brick structure featuring a rectangular architectural plan with exterior dimensions measuring approximately 49 by 32 feet (14.9 by 9.8 m).[22] The house's exterior brick walls are 9 inches (23 cm) thick and laid in an American bond pattern.[6][7][22][34] The house is topped with a steep metal gabled roof with standing seam profiles.[22][34] Two sets of double inside chimneys extend above the steep roofline on the northwest and southeast ends.[22][34]

The front façade of the house faces a hill to the southwest. It is five bays wide, with the front entrance to the house at the first floor's center bay.[22][34] Wide double-hung sash windows are uniformly placed on the house's front façade, with four nine-over-six double-hung wooden sashes on the first story and five six-over-six double-hung wooden sashes on the second.[22][34] Each window is adjoined by green-painted wooden shutters and white-painted wooden lintels and sills.[22][34]

The front entrance is covered by a small Greek Revival portico, measuring approximately 12 by 12 feet (3.7 by 3.7 m), and is topped with a pediment-like gabled roof supported by wooden Doric columns and engaged columns at the wall.[6][22][34][35] The front porch is flanked by modest wooden handrails and balusters on its left and right sides.[22] The front entrance is of post and lintel construction and features a transom window with six panes and two sidelight windows around the doorway, each featuring three panes.[22][34] Zimmerman suggests that James "Big Jim" Parsons Jr. embellished his home's front entrance to assert his "wealth and status" while providing "an honored welcome to visitors."[35]

Valley View's rear elevation features a two story (or double) wooden porch.

The rear façade of the house faces northeast across the South Branch Potomac River valley, from which Valley View takes its name, toward Mill Creek Mountain.[22][34] A two story (or double) wooden porch measuring approximately 9 feet (2.7 m) in depth extends across the entire rear elevation of the house and is topped by a shed roof extending from the main gabled roof at a less steep pitch.[22][34] The first story porch supports consist of brown wooden turned posts with no handrail or balusters, while the porch's second story features white painted square wood posts and vertical railings.[22] Like the front façade, the rear façade is five bays wide; it has doors to the double porch within the central bays on both levels.[22] The other four bays contain nine-over-six double-hung wooden sash windows on the first story and six-over-six double-hung wooden sash windows on the second story, with no shutters on either level.[22]

The northwest and southeast sides of the house each contains only one small square window at the attic level, set between each set of double inside chimneys.[22][34]

Interior[edit]

The interior of the house at Valley View is laid out in a two-room-deep central hallway floor plan.[33][34] The wide central hallway contains a staircase rising from the first floor to the attic level.[33] The staircase features a wooden handrail supported with square balusters and a modest wooden turned newel post.[33] Ceilings in the house are 10 feet (3.0 m) high.[33][34] Although the house's foundation is low, the height of the interior walls and the full-sized attic make the house appear tall from the exterior.[34]

The original section of the house has eight spacious rooms, each containing a fireplace framed by a wooden geometric trabeated mantelpiece with classical elements.[33][34][35] The four large rooms on the first floor open from each side of the center hallway and contain simple wide wood trim, including skirting boards and door frame moldings exhibiting "subtly demarcated corners."[33][34] The house's formal living room and dining room contain wide wooden dado rails.[33] The majority of the wooden decorative trim located throughout the house is painted white and the walls are made of plaster.[33] The room serving as an office and den is the lone exception, with dark stained wooden trim and interior brick structural walls, exposed by the removal of the room's plaster in the 1960s.[33] All of the house's rooms have their original wide plank wooden floors.[33] The second floor contains four bedrooms, in which there are closets on either side of a fireplace, and simple wood skirting boards and door frames.[33]

Parsons family members painted signatures and graffiti in the attic around 1856; these remain extant on the stairwell wall within the attic.[6]

Kitchen addition[edit]

A one-story kitchen addition, built in 1961–1962 and measuring approximately 21 by 14 feet (6.4 by 4.3 m), extends from the northwest side of the original 1855 house. The addition has a gabled standing seam metal roof and its exterior is covered in white-painted board-and-batten siding. The kitchen addition contains a vinyl bay window protruding from the structure's southwest side, a one-over-one double-hung vinyl window on the northeast side, and a door adjoining the wall of the 1855 house on the southeast side. An enclosed board-and-batten porch measuring approximately 14 by 10 feet (4.3 by 3.0 m) and a shed roof extends from the front (southwest) of the kitchen addition. The original basement beneath the 1855 house is accessible through this porch extension. A ghost building outline on the northwest side of the 1855 house indicates an earlier structure in the location of the present kitchen addition.[22]

Ancillary structures[edit]

There are several extant ancillary structures near the house at Valley View, including a smokehouse and a water well, and the foundations of an ice house and a summer kitchen.[33] It is believed that the smokehouse, the summer kitchen, and the icehouse were built by the Collinses before Big Jim Parsons built Valley View; however, the dates of construction are not known with certainty.[6]

The smokehouse, measuring approximately 15 by 20 feet (4.6 by 6.1 m), is adjacent to the house's kitchen addition. It is set into a hillside, allowing "at-grade" entry to its two levels. The smokehouse was built out of square cut logs with white chinking between the logs, atop a rubble masonry foundation, all topped with a standing seam metal gabled roof.[33]

To the south of the smokehouse is the brick foundation of an ice house, measuring approximately 15 by 20 feet (4.6 by 6.1 m), and presently topped by modern wooden pergola and patio structures.[33] The 15-by-20-foot (4.6 by 6.1 m) brick foundation of Valley View's summer kitchen also remains extant, located north of the smokehouse and now topped by a contemporary wooden pavilion with gabled roof.[33]

Located in the yard to the rear of the house at Valley View is a water well enclosed by a brick structure measuring approximately 7 by 7 feet (2.1 by 2.1 m) in area and 3.5 feet (1.1 m) in height. In the center of the well cap is a metal hand pump. The well cap's bricks are similar to those used in the construction of the main house; however, the well may date from an earlier residence located on the same site.[33]

Geography[edit]

The Valley View house is located approximately 1 mile (1.6 km) northwest of downtown Romney atop a promontory, known locally as the Yellow Banks, where Depot Valley opens into the South Branch Potomac River valley.[36] Depot Valley runs 0.5 miles (0.80 km) from West Sioux Lane to Valley View; a small unnamed tributary of Big Run flows north and downward along its bottom.[36] Depot Valley Road parallels the stream for the entirety of its course through the small valley.[36]

Depot Valley is named for Romney Depot, which was located at the end of a former spur of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's South Branch line, near the intersection of present-day West Sioux Lane and Depot Valley Road.[36] The unincorporated area around the depot was once known as Valley.[37][38] A post office operated there from 1928 until 1937, when its mail was routed through Romney; it is assumed that Valley View farm utilized it, since it was located only 0.5 miles (0.8 km) south of the house.[38]

Valley View farm's property adjoins the Wappocomo farm to the northeast, the corporate limits of Romney to the east and south, and the Yellow Banks to its west. Separately from the house's 6.63 acres (2.68 ha) tract, the Mayhew family maintains ownership of the agricultural fields along the South Branch Potomac River to the west of the house, which consist of rich alluvial soils. The South Branch Valley Railroad bisects this farmland and crosses the South Branch Potomac River via a wooden trestle.[36]

Approximately 0.5 miles (0.8 km) southwest of Valley View, the Mayhew family owns Valley View Island, an island within the South Branch Potomac River north of the mouth of Sulphur Spring Run.[36] The island is ringed by forests, with agricultural fields in its center.[36] When Lots Number 17 and 19 of the South Branch Survey were initially surveyed in 1749, and resurveyed in 1788, the island belonged to Lot Number 19. At that time, the river flowed east of the island along the base of Yellow Banks; in subsequent years, its course changed to run around the west side of the island.[9]

Mill Creek Mountain, a narrow anticlinal mountain ridge, rises to the west across the South Branch Potomac River from Valley View. The western foothills of South Branch Mountain rise to the east.[36][39][40] Both mountains are covered with Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests of hardwoods and pine.[41]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Explanatory notes

  1. ^ Brannon 1976, p. 309. Selden Brannon cites the suggestion of historian Catherine Snider Long that this is confirmed in the deed of Lot Number 20, which states that the tract was deeded to John Collins on August 8, 1749, and was subsequently deeded to James Gregg Parsons by Thomas Collins.
  2. ^ Brannon 1976, p. 311 and Zimmerman 2012, p. 9 of the PDF file. While Brannon states 1867 as the year when Elizabeth Miller Parsons sold the farm to Charles Harmison, Courtney Fint Zimmerman cites Catherine Snider Long's date of sale in 1869.

Citations

  1. ^ a b "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 12/10/12 through 12/14/12. National Park Service. 2012-12-21. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Zimmerman 2012, p. 8 of the PDF file.
  3. ^ a b c Brannon 1976, p. 286.
  4. ^ a b c Munske & Kerns 2004, p. 9.
  5. ^ "The Diary, Correspondence and Papers of Robert "King" Carter of Virginia 1701–1732". University of Virginia Library, University of Virginia. Retrieved February 8, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al Zimmerman 2012, p. 9 of the PDF file.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Brannon 1976, p. 309.
  8. ^ a b c Munske & Kerns 2004, p. 79.
  9. ^ a b Munske & Kerns 2004, p. 144.
  10. ^ Munske & Kerns 2004, p. 45.
  11. ^ MacCabe 1913, p. 254.
  12. ^ Brannon 1976, p. 313.
  13. ^ Maxwell & Swisher 1897, p. 722.
  14. ^ a b Munske & Kerns 2004, p. 152.
  15. ^ a b c d e MacCabe 1913, p. 255.
  16. ^ Baker & Riebe 2010, p. 7 of the PDF file.
  17. ^ Brannon 1976, p. 298.
  18. ^ a b c d e MacCabe 1913, p. 260.
  19. ^ a b Brannon 1976, pp. 310–311.
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Brannon 1976, p. 311.
  21. ^ a b c "Marriage Record Detail: Charles Harmison", West Virginia Vital Research Records (West Virginia Division of Culture and History), retrieved January 1, 2014 
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Zimmerman 2012, p. 5 of the PDF file.
  23. ^ a b c Brannon 1976, p. 312.
  24. ^ a b c d Brannon 1976, p. 19.
  25. ^ "Death Record Detail: Charles Harmison, Sr.", West Virginia Vital Research Records (West Virginia Division of Culture and History), retrieved January 1, 2014 
  26. ^ "Marriage Record Detail: George Edward Harmison", West Virginia Vital Research Records (West Virginia Division of Culture and History), retrieved January 1, 2014 
  27. ^ a b "Tidbits of Hampshire History: Interesting Facts From Various Sources", HistoricHampshire.org (HistoricHampshire.org; Charles C. Hall), retrieved January 1, 2014 
  28. ^ a b c "History of the Potomac Eagle Scenic Railroad", Potomac Eagle Scenic Railroad website (Potomac Eagle Scenic Railroad), retrieved February 8, 2014 
  29. ^ "Death Record Detail: Carrie B. Harmison (1)", West Virginia Vital Research Records (West Virginia Division of Culture and History), retrieved January 1, 2014 
  30. ^ "Death Record Detail: Carrie B. Harmison (2)", West Virginia Vital Research Records (West Virginia Division of Culture and History), retrieved January 1, 2014 
  31. ^ a b c d e f "Valley View Farm, Romney, West Virginia: The base for the Mind Garage in 1968.", Mind Garage website (Mind Garage), 2005, retrieved January 1, 2014 
  32. ^ a b c d Pisciotta, Marla (May 11, 2011). "Preserving Our History". Hampshire Review (Romney, West Virginia). p. 1B. 
  33. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Zimmerman 2012, p. 6 of the PDF file.
  34. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Brannon 1976, p. 310.
  35. ^ a b c d Zimmerman 2012, p. 10 of the PDF file.
  36. ^ a b c d e f g h United States Geological Survey (1973). Romney Quadrangle – West Virginia (Map). 1 : 24,000. 7.5 Minute Series (Topographic). OCLC 36344599.
  37. ^ Geographic Names Information System, United States Geological Survey. "Geographic Names Information System: Feature Detail Report for Valley Post Office (historical) (Feature ID: 1718729)". Retrieved January 1, 2014. 
  38. ^ a b McMaster 2010, p. 47.
  39. ^ Geographic Names Information System, United States Geological Survey. "Geographic Names Information System: Feature Detail Report for Mill Creek Mountain (Feature ID: 1543330)". Retrieved January 1, 2014. 
  40. ^ Geographic Names Information System, United States Geological Survey. "Geographic Names Information System: Feature Detail Report for South Branch Mountain (Feature ID: 1552967)". Retrieved January 1, 2014. 
  41. ^ "District 2 Wildlife Management Areas", West Virginia Division of Natural Resources Wildlife Resources Section website (West Virginia Division of Natural Resources Wildlife Resources Section), retrieved January 1, 2014 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]