Valley View Center
|Location||13331 Preston Road
Dallas, Texas 75240
|Opening date||August 1973|
|Developer||General Growth Properties|
|No. of stores and services||130+|
|No. of anchor tenants||2|
|Total retail floor area||1,635,449 sq ft (151,938 m2)|
|No. of floors||3|
Valley View Center is a super-regional shopping mall located at Interstate 635 and Montfort Road in north Dallas, Texas, USA. The mall is owned and managed by Dallas-based Beck Ventures. The mall's current anchors are Sears and AMC Theatres.
Originally developed in 1973, the mall flourished and expanded in the 1980s but began to encounter financial difficulties in the 1990s. The Bloomingdale's anchor closed in 1990, which triggered a court battle when Montgomery Ward tried to buy the space, then sat empty until JCPenney opened in 1996. The mall's original movie theater closed in 1991, sat empty for a decade, and was replaced by radio stations KBFB and KSOC. A new, larger AMC movie theater opened in the mall in 2004.
The addition of the theater slowed but did not halt the falling fortunes of the rest of the mall. Two of the five anchor locations closed in 2008. A third closed in 2013. As of 2014, they remain vacant and the mall's parking deck has been fenced off. Sears and AMC Theatres are the two operating anchor businesses in the mall.
The 2010s have seen the mall change ownership and management several times. Demographic shifts and declining occupancy led the current owners to announce plans to redevelop the mall and surrounding property. In mid-2012, the mall began a new effort to create an artist's community. Dubbed "The Gallery at Midtown and Artists Studios", the three upstairs wings are occupied by local artists' studios, galleries, and other creative entities.
- 1 History
- 2 Anchor tenants
- 3 Former features
- 4 Future development
- 5 Honors and awards
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
The mall was developed in 1973 when Homart Development Company, the real estate development subsidiary of Sears, Roebuck & Co., added a Sanger-Harris and several smaller stores to the existing Sears store that had been built in 1965. In August 1973, as part of the mall's grand opening celebration, the Thom McAn Shoe Store in Valley View Center offered a free 8-ounce steak with any purchase of $5 or more. The promotion drew local and national media attention.
LaSalle Street Fund bought the mall in the early 1980s and oversaw continued expansion plus addition of a fourth anchor store. September 1, 1985, marked the first legal Sunday shopping day in Texas. Valley View Center, like other area malls, celebrated the end of the state's 24-year-old blue law with entertainment and special promotions. Some smaller retailers objected to the new hours but mall officials informed them in writing of their contractual obligations to operate while the mall is open. January 1, 1987, was the first New Year's Day that the anchor stores of Valley View Center were open for business on the holiday. Many smaller stores in the mall followed their lead although it would be a few years before every store would be obligated to be open on the first day of the new year.
The Macerich Company, a Santa Monica, California-based shopping center operator, purchased Valley View Center in 1996 for a reported $85.5 million in cash and debt. Since the 2000 census, the neighborhood around the mall has become younger, poorer, and more ethnically diverse. According to the 2010 census, the area is now 60% Hispanic with the percentage of white residents dropping from about 35% to just under 25%. In 2010, LNR Partners, Inc., of Miami, Florida, took possession of the mall when Macerich defaulted on $125 million in debt. Jones Lang LaSalle became responsible for mall management. With the 2012 change in ownership, Jones Lang LaSalle no longer manages the property, as Beck Ventures took management in-house.
The 235,055 square feet (21,837 m2) Sears, Roebuck and Company anchor actually pre-dates the mall itself having been built in 1965. This Sears was built as a freestanding store on what was then the far northern fringe of Dallas and the location was largely surrounded by pasture land. It would be another eight years before the Homart Development Company would add a Sanger-Harris department store to the site and connect it to Sears with a corridor of specialty retailers to create Valley View Mall.
The mall's second anchor (300,196 square feet (27,889 m2)) opened in August 1973 as a Sanger-Harris department store as part of the original Valley View Center development. Sanger-Harris was merged with Foley's and renamed in 1987 then the combined company was sold to May Department Stores in 1988. The store was renamed Macy's in September 2006 as a result of Federated Department Stores' purchase of the May Company in 2005. This location closed on March 15, 2008 and is, as of October 2011, vacant. The building's current owners, Monfort Mall LLC, announced plans in September 2011 to at least partially fill the building with a "general merchandise" retailer.
Dillard's department store, the mall's third anchor (302,268 square feet (28,082 m2)), was opened in 1979 as a two-level store accompanied by further expansion of the mall's interior. In October 1985, Dillard's added a third floor to its Valley View Center store. Linens, furniture, electronics and housewares were relocated to the new third level and several clothing departments on the original two levels were expanded. At the same time, Dillard's added a candy and cookie department as well as a junior department. In July 2008, Dillard's announced that it would close this location on August 30, 2008.
LaSalle Street Fund purchased Valley View Center in the early 1980s and expanded the mall again with more interior stores and a fourth anchor store, Bloomingdale's. This (220,378 square feet (20,474 m2)) anchor location opened its doors in early 1983. On August 18, 1990, Bloomingdale's closed this location, citing declining sales and increased market competition. After the store's closure, the mall, which identified store locations by anchor store quadrants, furnished the former Bloomingdale's corridor with a grand piano, added landscaping and artwork, and branded the area as "The Conservatory." In August 1990, Montgomery Ward & Co. Inc. attempted to acquire the ground lease for this store from Federated Department Stores Inc. through the bankruptcy court. If successful, the company planned to buy the 200,000-square-foot (19,000 m2) building for a new Montgomery Ward location. Valley View Center's owner, then the Chicago, Illinois-based LaSalle Street Fund Inc. of Delaware, objected in court. In March 1991, a U.S. Bankruptcy Court judge in Cincinnati ruled that Federated could withdraw from its deal to sell the building in favor of a deal from the LaSalle Street Fund to "avoid further costs of litigation" and as it would be "a sound business decision." The space would ultimately remain vacant until October 19, 1996 when JCPenney opened in that location. At the time, it was the largest JCPenney location in the Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex. This store was also the planned location of the "secret" prototype. They closed off the 3rd level to the public and put a new logo on one side of the building. The "store of the future" prototype never opened.
On February 1, 2013, it was announced that JCPenney would be closing on May 1 on that year, in April the store closed off the second floor to customers, and the store closed entirely on May 1 as planned.
AMC Valley View 16
In 2000, as part of a general redevelopment of the mall, Valley View Center announced the addition of a 20-screen AMC movie theater as a fifth anchor. After several delays, construction for a 16-screen theater began in June 2003. The AMC Valley View 16 opened on May 14, 2004. The grand opening was marked by a ceremonial "ticket-tearing" featuring Dat Nguyen and Jason Witten of the Dallas Cowboys. The stadium-style seating theater complex was built on top of the Sears anchor store so that no parking or retail space would be given up for the addition.
The Gallery at Midtown and Artists Studios
The Gallery at Midtown and Artists Studios, as of January 2014[update], comprise over 90% occupancy of three upstairs wings. Part of an on-going cultural experiment, Beck Ventures began talks with key local artists about creating a thriving artists community, along with North Texas' largest local artist cooperative gallery, The Gallery at Midtown, located at the center of the western hub of the mall. Surrounding the main gallery are many artist-run studios and showrooms, experimental galleries, private galleries, work spaces, a movie school, actor's studio and other creative entities. Every third Saturday of the month from 6pm to 10pm, all the artist studios and the Gallery at Midtown are open for their "Art Walk".
Valley View Cinema 1 & 2 (1975–1991)
In 1975, a twin-screen movie theater owned and operated by General Cinema Corporation was added to the northeast corner of the mall. The theater, known as Valley View Cinema 1 & 2, closed in 1991. The facade of the movie theater was boarded up and the interior furnishings were stripped out. The 13,240 square feet (1,230 m2) space remained empty until it was renovated in late 2001 by Radio One to house radio stations KBFB and KSOC. Renovation included leveling the sloping floors in the theater and installing new air-conditioning and heating units. Officially opened in January 2002, the broadcast studios, located on the mall's second level, are in what used to be the theater projection rooms. The area that housed the ticket counters became the reception desk and part of one movie theater was retained as a 150-seat auditorium. The facility also includes a small basketball court, two production studios, a mix room, a newsroom, and office space.
Smart Shoppers Club (1994–2000)
In April 1994, Valley View Center added a frequent-shopper rewards program called the Smart Shoppers Club. Mall management said they planned to spend roughly $500,000 over the first two years of the program in a bid to increase mall traffic while collecting invaluable demographic data about mall shoppers. Within five months, 9,000 shoppers had joined the club and the mall announced a goal of 20,000 members by the end of 1994. Shoppers logged their visits by swiping their membership card and entering a personal identification number at one of the mall's three touch-screen kiosks. Member benefits included special discount coupons, free gifts, and the chance to win prizes. Club members also received a periodic Shopping Smart newsletter, a Valley View Center shopping bag, plus a birthday card and gift. The Smart Shoppers Club was terminated in late 2000 when it was replaced by a cardless web-based system called Centerlinq. Customers were then able to redeem their old Smart Shoppers Club cards at the mall's customer service desk for a Valley View Center t-shirt.
Dallas Children's Museum (2000–2006)
Originally opened in August 1998 at the Inwood Village shopping center, the Dallas Children's Museum relocated to Valley View Center in June 2000. The new museum, double the size of the previous location, was located on the second level of the mall between JCPenney and the Disney Store. For six years the museum hosted both touring cultural exhibits and permanent features including a play hospital and kid-sized grocery store. In September 2006, the Museum of Nature & Science and the Dallas Children's Museum announced their merger and closed the Valley View Center location. The museum reopened in Fair Park as the Children's Museum at the Museum of Nature & Science in October 2006.
In 2011, efforts to coordinate the redevelopment of the mall and the surrounding real estate were being coordinated by the North Dallas Chamber of Commerce. In April 2012, new owners Beck Ventures announced a $2 billion redevelopment plan for the mall and surrounding property dubbed "Dallas Midtown" that will include retail, condominiums, and a "five star" hotel. To fill vacant spaces, jewelry stores have been converted into artist studios and a gallery, a mercado is being constructed in cooperation with a local Spanish-language radio station, and the food court will become home to test kitchens for local food trucks.
Honors and awards
- Massey, Tom (January 2000). "Mannequins in Dallas: Valley View Center Mall". Fashion Windows. Retrieved June 24, 2009.
- Halkias, Maria (July 2, 2008). "Dillard's at Valley View Center to close". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved August 7, 2008.
- Coppola, Arthur M. (February 27, 2008). "Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2007" (PDF). Macerich 2007 Annual Report. The Macerich Company. Retrieved August 10, 2008.
- Halkias, Maria (December 16, 2003). "Some Older Malls Remain Significant Players on Dallas-Area Retail Landscape". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved August 9, 2008.
- Hansard, Donna Steph (April 23, 1986). "Construction to begin on mall". The Dallas Morning News.
- Fulton, Edward A. (August 3, 1973). "Store offers filet of sole". Bucks County Courier Times.
- Massey, Tom (January 2000). "Mannequins in Dallas: Valley View Center Mall II". Fashion Windows. Retrieved June 24, 2009.
- Hansard, Donna Steph (September 2, 1985). "Blue Law's End Brings Lookers, Fewer Buyers". The Dallas Morning News.
- Hansard, Donna Steph (August 21, 1985). "Sunday Pressure Irks Small Retailers". The Dallas Morning News.
- Hansard, Donna Steph (December 21, 1986). "New Year's a day for shoppers to celebrate". The Dallas Morning News. "[M]ore stores plan to join the ranks this season, including Sanger Harris, Macy's and Sears, Roebuck & Co., all three of which remained staunchly closed last Jan. 1."
- Hopper, Kathryn (October 23, 1996). "Investment trust buys Valley View Center mall". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. p. 1.
- Young, Michael E. (May 1, 2012). "Valley View changes could reshape North Dallas neighborhood". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
- Wilonsky, Robert (April 23, 2012). "Beck Ventures has big plans for Dallas’ Valley View Center mall". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- Wilonsky, Robert (July 10, 2012). "As Valley View’s new owners get settled in, a new look emerges, from the MEGA Mercado to food truck test kitchens". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
- "Store History – Texas: Dallas and Fort Worth". Sears Archives. September 27, 2004. Retrieved August 12, 2008.
- Halkias, Maria (December 28, 2007). "Macy's Valley View Center store among 9 to be closed". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved August 12, 2008.
- Hansard, Donna Steph (July 19, 1987). "Foley's signs spreading through local stores". The Dallas Morning News. "Workmen began replacing the Sanger Harris signs on the chain's Valley View Center store with Foley's this week."
- Halkias, Maria (March 16, 2008). "Valley View Center mall has shot at renewal after Macy's closing". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved August 7, 2008.
- Wilonsky, Robert (October 13, 2011). "New Owners of Former Macy's at Valley View Want to Fill Space With Retail of Some Kind". Unfair Park (Dallas Observer). Retrieved October 13, 2011.
- Hansard, Donna Steph (October 15, 1985). "Hallmark closing up 'creative outpost' in Dallas". The Dallas Morning News.
- Baldwin, Pat (June 6, 1990). "Bloomingdale's closing in Dallas". The Dallas Morning News.
- "Business Notebook". The Dallas Morning News. September 23, 1990.
- Baldwin, Pat (August 10, 1990). "Ward's seeks Bloomingdale space". The Dallas Morning News. "Montgomery Ward & Co. Inc., the nation's ninth-largest retailer, is eyeing the 200,000-square-foot Bloomingdale's building in Valley View Center to expand its Dallas-Fort Worth presence -- over the objections of Valley View's owner."
- Baldwin, Pat (September 9, 1990). "Court to decide Ward's future at Valley View". The Dallas Morning News.
- Baldwin, Pat (March 28, 1991). "Valley View free to buy back lease; Court ruling involves old Bloomingdale's site". The Dallas Morning News.
- Halkias, Maria (November 30, 1995). "Penney to fill Valley View spot; Retailer plans store at site vacated by Bloomingdale's in 1990". The Dallas Morning News.
- Halkias, Maria (October 14, 1996). "A new level of store; One-of-a kind Penney to debut at Valley View". The Dallas Morning News.
- "Dallas-Area Mall to Add 20-Screen AMC Theater". Tribune Business News. April 7, 1999. Retrieved August 12, 2008.
- Halkias, Maria; Kirkpatrick, John (July 4, 2003). "Movie theaters' tale keeps on twisting; One area megaplex just closed, but another is under construction". The Dallas Morning News.
- Wuntch, Philip (May 14, 2004). "Megaplex opens at Valley View". The Dallas Morning News.
- "'Cans Film Festival' will benefit food bank". The Dallas Morning News. May 13, 2004.
- "1983 GCC Locations". General Cinema Corporation. Retrieved August 10, 2008.
- Brown, Steve (March 8, 2002). "Old Theater Buildings Get Second Chance With Different Businesses". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved August 9, 2008.
- "Deserted movie theaters breathe new life: Dallas, Fort Worth cinemas find new operators". Dallas Business Journal. November 16, 2001. Retrieved August 13, 2008.
- "One Day In Dallas". Women's Wear Daily. May 30, 2002. Retrieved August 11, 2008.
- "Radio One, Inc. Creates Innovative Home at Local Mall; Valley View Center in Dallas Houses 97.9 The Beat and Magic 94.5" (Press release). PR Newswire. February 14, 2002. Retrieved August 11, 2008.
- Vozzella, Laura (November 22, 1994). "Frequent-shopper programs have a number just for you". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. p. 1.
- Halkias, Maria (September 6, 1994). "Valley View pleased with frequent-shopper club". The Dallas Morning News.
- Gattuso, Greg (October 1, 1994). "Kiosks build mall loyalty and database". Direct Marketing. Retrieved August 11, 2008.
- "Centerlinq Network Goes Live in Additional Malls, Beginning a New Phase of Growth" (Press release). PR Newswire. November 2, 2000.
- Taitte, Lawson (March 28, 1998). "Children's museum moves closer to reality; Group planning to open in Inwood Village by fall". The Dallas Morning News. "According to board president Becky Wadsworth, the 3,700-square-foot site at 5330 W. Lovers Lane will house a farm-to-market exhibit, a kids' TV studio and cultural attractions related to art and music."
- Hall, Barbara (August 25, 1998). "Children's museums enjoying boom years". The Dallas Morning News.
- Imherr, Kris (June 9, 2000). "A world of their own; Museum's new play areas will include a hospital and a grocery store". The Dallas Morning News.
- Miller, Robert (June 7, 2000). "Robert Miller Column". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved August 8, 2008.
- Pinson, Ann (September 19, 2006). "New name, space for kids' museum". The Dallas Morning News.
- Pinson, Ann (September 19, 2006). "Dallas Children's Museum (closed)". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved August 8, 2008.
- Vega, Cynthia (April 24, 2012). "Development plans for Valley View mall unveiled". WFAA-TV. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- "Kudos: Honors and awards in the Dallas-area business community". The Dallas Morning News. November 5, 2007. Retrieved August 9, 2008.