Valley of the Queens
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The Valley of the Queens is a place in Egypt where wives of Pharaohs were buried in ancient times. In ancient times, it was known as Ta-Set-Neferu, meaning –"the place of the Children of the Pharaoh", because along with the Queens of the 18th, 19th and 20th dynasties (1550–1070 BCE) many princes and princesses were also buried with various members of the nobility. The tombs of these individuals were maintained by mortuary priests who performed daily rituals and provided offerings and prayers for the deceased nobility.
The valley is located near the better known Valley of the Kings, on the west bank of the Nile across from Thebes (modern Luxor). This barren area in the western hills was chosen due to its relative isolation and proximity to the capital. The kings of the 18th dynasty, instead of building pyramids as traditional burial chambers (perhaps because of their vulnerability to tomb robbers), now chose to be interred in rock-cut tombs.
This necropolis is said to hold more than seventy tombs, many of which are stylish and lavishly decorated. An example of this is the resting place carved out of the rock for Queen Nefertari (1290–1224 BCE) of the 19th Dynasty. The polychrome reliefs in her tomb are still intact.
The valley was begun in the time of Ramesses I. Prior to that time wives were generally buried with their husbands, and some continued to be so.
- QV8 – Hori, King's Son (18th dynasty) and a King's Daughter
- QV17 – Merytre and Wermeryotes, princesses (18th dynasty)
- QV30 – Nebiri, Head of the Stables unknown dynasty
- QV33 – Princess Tanedjmet (19th or 20th dynasty)
- QV38 – Queen Sitre, wife of Ramesses I (19th dynasty)
- QV42 – Pareherwenemef (20th dynasty), son of Ramesses III (20th dynasty)
- QV43 – Seth-her-khopsef, son of Ramesses III, later king as Ramesses VIII. Was buried elsewhere. (20th dynasty)
- QV44 – Khaemwaset (20th dynasty), son of Ramesses III (20th dynasty)
- QV46 – Imhotep, vizier under Thutmose I (18th dynasty)
- QV47 – Princess Ahmose, daughter of Tao II the Brave and Sitdjehuti (17th dynasty)
- QV51 – Queen Iset Ta-Hemdjert, wife of Ramesses III, mother of Ramesses VI (20th dynasty)
- QV52 – Queen Tyti (19th or 20th dynasty)
- QV53 – Prince Ramesses, son of Ramesses III (20th dynasty)
- QV55 – Prince Amun-her-khepeshef (20th dynasty), son of Ramesses III (20th dynasty)
- QV60 – Queen Nebettawy, daughter of Ramesses II (19th dynasty)
- QV66 – Queen Nefertari, wife of Ramesses II (19th dynasty)
- QV68 – Queen Meritamun, daughter of Ramesses II and Nefertari (19th dynasty)
- QV70 – Nehesy (18th dynasty)
- QV71 – Queen Bintanath, daughter of Ramesses II and Isetnofret (19th dynasty)
- QV72 – Neferhat / Baki (18th dynasty)
- QV73 – Queen Henuttawy? (possibly dated to the 20th Dynasty)
- QV74 – Queen (Dua)Tentopet
- QV75 – Queen Henutmire, daughter or sister of Ramesses II
- QV76 – Merytre, King's Daughter (18th Dynasty)
- QV80 – Queen (Mut-)Tuy, wife of Seti I and mother of Ramesses II.
- QV81 – Heka[...] (18th Dynasty)
- QV82 – Minemhat and Amenhotep, King's Sons (18th Dynasty)
- QV88 – Ahmose, King's Son (18th Dynasty)
Fragments of burial equipments were found for several additional members of the royal family. No known tombs exist for these individuals but the existence of the burial equipment suggests that these people may have once been buried in the Valley of the Queens as well.
- King's Wife Henut. Mid 18th Dynasty. Her name was enclosed in a cartouche on canopic fragments.
- Prince Menkheperre, Son of Tuthmosis III and Merytre Hatshepsut. Canopic fragments were found.
- King's Great Wife Nebetnehat. Mid 18th Dynasty. Her name was enclosed in a cartouche on canopic fragments.
- King's Daughter Ti. Mid 18th Dynasty. Canopic fragments were found.
- Dodson A. and Hilton D. The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, London 2004
- Bunson, Margaret. "Valley of the Queens." Encyclopædia of Ancient Egypt. New York. (1991)
- "Tour Egypt: Valley of the Queens in Thebes, Egypt". Retrieved 27 March 2013.
- "Luxor: Valley of the Queens". Retrieved 27 March 2013.
- "Getty Conservation Institute: Valley of the Queens". Retrieved 27 March 2013.