Valparai

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Valparai
Hill Station
View of a Club Ground in Valparai
View of a Club Ground in Valparai
Valparai is located in Tamil Nadu
Valparai
Valparai
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 10°22′N 76°58′E / 10.37°N 76.97°E / 10.37; 76.97Coordinates: 10°22′N 76°58′E / 10.37°N 76.97°E / 10.37; 76.97
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Coimbatore
Government
 • Municipal Chairman Dr.K.Balamurugan
Elevation 1,193 m (3,914 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 70,859
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 642127
Telephone code 04253
Vehicle registration TN 41
Lower Nirar waters and Oosimalai peak in the background, Valparai, Tamil Nadu, India

Valparai is a Taluk and hill station in Coimbatore district of Tamil Nadu,India. It is located 3,500 feet above sea level on the Anaimalai Hills range of the Western Ghats, at a distance of 100 km from Coimbatore and 65 km from Pollachi.There are 40 hairpin bends on the way to Valparai from Azhiyar. While major portions of the land is owned by private tea companies, large forest areas continue to be out of bounds.[2] The Government of Tamil Nadu in collaboration with ITDC initiated Tourism promotion through infrastructure development including Resort hotels and Amusement parks to attract tourists.[3] As of 2011, the town had a population of 70,859.

Geography[edit]

Valparai is located at 10°22′N 76°58′E / 10.37°N 76.97°E / 10.37; 76.97. It has an average elevation of 1193 metres (3914 feet).[4]

Demographics[edit]

According to 2011 census, Valparai had a population of 70,859 with a sex-ratio of 1,013 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[5] A total of 5,007 were under the age of six, constituting 2,564 males and 2,443 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 59.68% and 1.75% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 78.47%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[5] The town had a total of  19017 households. There were a total of 38,440 workers, comprising 107 cultivators, 4,828 main agricultural labourers, 173 in house hold industries, 29,338 other workers, 3,994 marginal workers, 71 marginal cultivators, 341 marginal agricultural labourers, 62 marginal workers in household industries and 3,520 other marginal workers.[6]

History[edit]

Earliest records of this area are from the year 1846 when Ramasamy Mudaliyar started coffee plantation here. In 1864 Karnatic Coffee Company began their coffee plantation here. But they could not make it profitable. Hence they sold some part of their land. In 1875, the roads and guest houses were built by soldiers for the visit of England’s Prince of Wales, the future Edward VII. Soldiers were posted here and horses and Elephants were used for this purpose. However, the visit was eventually cancelled. In 1890 W Wintil and Nordan bought a huge portion of land in Valparai from Madras State Government under the British Raj. Wintil deforested the area and planted tea and coffee. He was assisted by Carwer Marsh, an experienced planter for a salary of 250 rupees. Carwer Marsh was hardworking and built a close relationship with the local people. He was later known as The Father of Anamalais. A statue of Carwer Marsh has been erected Kavarkal Estate.[7]

Route[edit]

Pollachi is the nearest town from Valparai. It is about 64 km from Pollachi,80 km from Udumalai Taluk,which is now a part of Tirupur district. It has 40 Hair Pin Bends from Pollachi to Valparai.

It takes about 1 hour 30 mins to reach Valparai from Pollachi on road State Highways 78.

TNSTC buses are operated from Udumalai and palani

The Main route from udumalai to Anamalai is the better Road way to connect the Valparai to Madurai and Trichy

Valparai is connected to Athirampalli falls by road, but it is a complete Ghat Section. You can travel only in day between 9 AM to 6 PM through this route. This route is a complete adventurous trip as you could see wild animals on the way. It is almost 130 km from Valparai to Chalakudi. But it takes around 4 Hours on roads as it is a Ghat Section.

Places to Visit[edit]

mangalasamy

  • Solaiyar Dam
  • Balaji Temple
  • Pancha Mugha Vinayakar Temple
  • Monkey Falls
  • Aaliyar Dam
  • Athirampalli Falls
  • Estates at both sides of the road
  • chinnakallar dam
  • nallamudi poonjolai
  • koolangal aaru

Economy[edit]

Winding ghat roads at Valparai

The economy of Valparai depends on plantation crops. Valparai has a high concentration of tea and coffee estates. Most of the people living here work in these estates. Some of the major Plantation Companies are :[8][9]

  • Tamil Nadu Tea Plantation Corporation (TNTPC)
  • The Bombay Burmah Trading Corporation (MUDIS Group)
  • Tata Tea Estates Ltd (Tata Tea)
  • Tea Estates India Ltd (TEIL)
  • Woodbriar Ltd (Stanmoore Group)
  • Parry Agro Ltd
  • N.E.P.C Tea Ltd
  • Jayshree Tea Industries Ltd (Birla Group)
  • Periya Karamalai Tea Estates Ltd
  • Puthuthottam Tea Estate Ltd
  • Waterfalls Tea Estate Ltd

Wildlife[edit]

Great Hornbill on Mesua tree at Valparai
Gaur at Valparai

Valparai is a mid-elevation hill station (Ootacamund is considerably higher). The tea plantations are surrounded by evergreen forest. The region is also a rich elephant tract and is known to have many leopards.[10]

The scenic drive to the town from Pollachi passes through the Indira Gandhi Wild Life Sanctuary noted for elephants, boars, lion-tailed macaques, gaur, spotted deer, sambar, and Giant Squirrels. The area is also rich in birds, including the great hornbill. Water bodies at Monkey falls and Aliyar Dam are also seen en route. A famous place of worship, Balaji Temple also attracts pilgrims. Valparai receives among the highest rainfall in the region during the monsoons (around June).

The Valparai range is also habitat the Nilgiri Tahr, an endemic wild goat. These mountain goats inhabit the high ranges and prefer open terrain, cliffs and grass-covered hills, a habitat largely confined to altitudes from 1200 to 2600m in the southern Western Ghats. Their territory extended far and wide all along these hills in the past, but, because of hunting and large-scale habitat destruction, they now exist only in a few isolated sites like the Anaimalai Hills.[11]

The human-elephant conflict here is a delicate issue. The tea plantations are a hindrance to the movement of wildlife, particularly elephants who walk large distances to reach water bodies and feeding areas.[12]

On the way to Valparai you can see many wild animals like lion tailed monkeys, elephants, deer, wild goats. Natives of Valparai are often attacked by leopard and tiger, there are some attacks from the elephants also.

Politics[edit]

Valparai assembly constituency is a Scheduled Caste constituency and forms part of Pollachi Lok Sabha constituency.[13]

References[edit]

Manampalli forest valparai

  1. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/pca/SearchDetails.aspx?Id=706815
  2. ^ The Hindu MetroPlus dated 11 Dec'2004
  3. ^ Govt of Tamil Nadu Order
  4. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Valparai
  5. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  6. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Valparai". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  7. ^ Valparai Heavenly Hill Station
  8. ^ Valparaiinfo.com
  9. ^ Valparai
  10. ^ Dept of Forests, Govt of TN
  11. ^ The Hindu:Magazine Feb 26 2006
  12. ^ The Hindu:MetroPlus Aug 07 2006
  13. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies". Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 

External links[edit]