Valsad district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Valsad.
Valsad district
district
Valsad district is located in Gujarat
Valsad district
Valsad district
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 20°36′36″N 72°55′33″E / 20.61005°N 72.925873°E / 20.61005; 72.925873Coordinates: 20°36′36″N 72°55′33″E / 20.61005°N 72.925873°E / 20.61005; 72.925873
Country  India
State Gujarat
District Valsad
Languages
 • Official Gujarati, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 396 001
Telephone code 912632
Vehicle registration GJ-15
Sex ratio 920 Females per 1000 Males /
Districts of South Gujarat

Valsad district is one of the 26 districts in the Western Indian state of Gujarat. It is bound by Navsari district to the north, Nashik district of Maharashtra state to the east, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli union territory and Thane district of Maharashtra to the south. The Arabian Sea lies west of the district. The coastal Daman enclave of Daman and Diu union territory is bounded by Valsad district on the north, east, and south.[1] The district's administrative capital is Valsad. The district's largest city is Vapi.

The district covers 5,244 square kilometres and is divided into five talukas: Valsad, Pardi, Umargam, Kaparada and Dharampur. According to the 2001 India census,[2] the total population of the district was 1,410,553, with 27.02% of its residents living in urban areas.[1] Valsad is well known for its production of mangoes, sapodilla, and teak, and for its chemical industry based on Atul.

History[edit]

Parsis first entered India at the port of Sanjan.[3] Mount Parnera is home to temples and a fort of Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.[3] Bagwada is home to Arjungad Fort and several temples, including a Jain temple.

Geography[edit]

Average rainfall – 2000 mm
Seismic Zone – Zone III
Major rivers – Damanganga, Paar, Auranga, Kolak, Taan and Maan
Tithal Beach is a very important tourist attraction of Valsad.[3] Wilson Hill in Dharampur is also a tourist attraction.

It is also contiguous with the Union Territories of Daman and Silvassa. This city's longitude and latitude are 72.98 and 20.54 respectively.

Economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

Total production of food crops in Valsad in 2006-07 was 3.6 lakhs MT.
Major horticulture crops being produced in the district are mango, cucurbits, chikoo, banana and sugarcane. In 2006-07, Valsad had the highest production of mango in the State, accounting for 2,03,112 MT. The district was the 2nd highest producer of Cucurbits with a production of 47,960 MT during 2006-07.

Industry[edit]

Valsad is an industrial base for sectors such as chemicals, textiles, and paper & pulp industries. Since the 1980s, textile and chemicals have been the major sectors of investments and employment in the district. Valsad is emerging as a horticulture hub of the State, witnessing significant production in food grains and crops.

With over 300 medium and large scale industries, Vapi is a major industrial center in Valsad. One of the Asia’s largest Common Effluent Treatment Plant (CETP) is present in Vapi,[citation needed] owned by Vapi Waste & Effluent Management Company and promoted by Vapi Industrial Association. Over 10,716 units of small and medium enterprises (SMEs), involved in different sectors, such as chemicals, textiles, engineering, and paper industry etc., are present in the district. Several private conglomerates are present in Valsad, including Alok Industries ltd, Wyeth, Welspun India Ltd., Aarti Industries, Atul Limited, Gujarat Heavy Chemicals Ltd. (GHCL), Raymond, Sun Pharmaceuticals, United Phosphorus, Pidilite,Polyols & Polymers and Vadilal,Unique Polymers.

Valsad district contains areas such as Vapi (the Chemical Hub of Gujarat),[citation needed] Umbergaon and Sarigam (the Industrial Estates).

Major industries[edit]

Chemical products such as, diamino sulphone, acetic acids and esters, different types of dyes etc. Valsad Atul Limited Pharmaceutical products Valsad Wyeth Lederle Ltd. Cotton yarns, madeups of cotton terry towel and fabrics Alok Industries ltd, Welspun Polyesters India Ltd. Semi processed & Instant foods, Tomato ketchup, canned and frozen foods Dharampur Vadilal Industries Ltd. Electronic equipments for environmental and air pollution control, Phosphorus Peentasulphide, Benzoate etc. vapi United Phosphorus Ltd. Pharmaceutical products, vapi Sun Pharmaceuticals Iron pipes, seamless pipes and stainless steels etc. Umbergaon Sarigam Steel Ltd. Uncoated craft paper, newsprint and poster paper etc. Pardi Ruby Macons Limited. synthetic resins, adhesives, colour pigments and lubricating chemicals etc.vapi Pidilite Industries ltd. Chemical products such as, chloroaniline, calcium phosphate, sulphuric acid, single super phosphate etc. vapi Aarti Industries Ltd. Weaving and processing of artificial and synthetic textile fibres etc. Pardi Raymond Ltd. Printing inks, synthetic resins, prepared glues and adhesives etc. vapi Hindustan Inks Ltd, vapi bilag, Madeups of curtains and bed covers etc. bhilad GHCL Ltd.[1]

Small scale industries (SSI)[edit]

In 5 talukas of the district, there are 10,716 units generating 58,641 jobs, with investments to the tune of INR 84,912 lakh (USD 207 million).

Dye stuff & opticals, cotton textiles, chemicals and lathes & machine tools are the major small scale industry sectors present in Valsad district. Pardi taluka houses maximum number of SSI units with a healthy investment of over INR 39,340 lakhs (USD 100 million), providing jobs to 25,776 people. About 7 km from Valsad City in Dhamdachi Village there is Company known as Advance Agrisearch Ltd. is engaged in manufacturing of Herbal Based Anti-Termite products in Termi Guard Brand for Wood Preservation and also for soil treatment, which are available in Domestic Market as well as exporting to various countries in the world. The said Company is the 1st in company the world who have developed Anti-termite Wood Adhesive known as Termicol Brand. The Company is also suppling their Anti-Termite Products to Pidilite Industries known as Terminator Wood Preservative and Structure Preservative.

Divisions[edit]

Talukas – 6 (Valsad, Pardi, Vapi, Dharampur, Kaprada, Umbergaon)
Major cities – 2 (Vapi, Valsad)

Transport[edit]

Railways[edit]

Valsad Station was established in 1925. City has a Control Tower for better railway operation. The basic training center for the Western Railway cadets of RPF (Railway Protection Force) is in Valsad. Valsad has one of the biggest Railway yards and full repair loco shed for electric locomotive in Western Railway along with the basic repair workshop for wagons and coaches. Many trains originate from Valsad for Mumbai,Ahmadabad,Kanpur,Patna.

Main Stations on Mumbai - Surat route are Umergaon Road, Sanjan, Bhilad, Vapi, Udwada, Pardi, Valsad, and Dungari.

Valsad Railway Station

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Valsad district has a population of 1,703,068,.[4][4][5][6] The district has a population density of 561 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,450 /sq mi) .[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 20.74%.[4] Valsad has a sex ratio of 926 females for every 1000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 80.94%.[4]

Culture[edit]

Notable personalities[edit]

Education[edit]

The Government Polytechnic, established in 1965 is one of the prominent institutions in Valsad.[7]

The district also has a Government Engineering College since 2004. In the last few years a Computer Application stream has also been started successfully.[8]

There are other colleges offering various courses in Science, Commerce and Arts.[9] A new law college will be opened soon.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "General Information for Valsad, Tourist Place in Valsad, Tourism in Valsad". Indiaonapage.com. 2010-01-23. Retrieved 2010-09-14. 
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. ^ a b c "Valsad District Panchayat | About District | History". Valsaddp.gujarat.gov.in. 2009-04-25. Retrieved 2010-09-14. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Gambia, The 1,797,860 July 2011 est." 
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Nebraska 1,826,341" 
  7. ^ "IndiaStudyChannel.com". IndiaStudyChannel.com. Retrieved 2010-09-14. 
  8. ^ "Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Institute of Technology, Valsad | College in Valsad | Detail Information on Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Institute of Technology | B.E/B.Tech, MCA, Other College | Contact Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Institute of Technology". Vyoms.com. Retrieved 2010-09-14. 
  9. ^ "CHE | Colleges | Types ofColleges | Grand Aid Colleges | Valsad District". Gujarateducation.gswan.gov.in. 2010-08-20. Retrieved 2010-09-14. 
  10. ^ "S.K.M. Law College, Tithal Road, Valsad | College in Valsad | Detail Information on S.K.M. Law College, Tithal Road | Other College | Contact S.K.M. Law College, Tithal Road". Vyoms.com. Retrieved 2010-09-14. 

External links[edit]