Valuk was a duke of the Slavic duchy of Carantania. After the attempt to capture Constantinople in 626 failed, the Avars turned towards the west and attacked the territory settled by Slavs. The Slavs then united under their leader Valuk, and joined forces with Samo (the leader of a Slavic confederation of Czechs, Moravians, Slovaks, and Sorbs) to defend themselves against the Avars. Valuk was possibly the first Duke of Carantania. Carantania was the first Slavic state known to have been created. The capital was located at Karnburg, near Klagenfurt in present-day Austria. It is unknown if Valuk's bloodline was continued in that of the later Dukes of Carantania.
- Fallon, Steve (2010). "History: The Duchy of Carantania". Slovenia (6th ed.). Lonely Planet. p. 28. ISBN 9781741048575.
- "Slovenia - History, Culture & Outdoors (Chapter)". Scribd.com. 2010-03-22. Retrieved 2010-04-04.
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