Vamık Volkan

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Vamık D. Volkan (born 1932 in Lefkoşa, Cyprus) is a Turkish Cypriot Emeritus Professor of Psychiatry at the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, the Senior Erik Erikson Scholar at the Erikson Institute of Education and Research of the Austen Riggs Center, Stockbridge, Massachusetts, and an Emeritus Training and Supervising Analyst at the Washington Psychoanalytic Institute, Washington, D.C. He is the President of International Dialogue Initiative (IDI).


For nearly three decades, Volkan has led interdisciplinary teams to various trouble spots around the world and has brought high-level "enemy" representatives together for years-long unofficial dialogues. His work in the field has resulted in his developing new theories about large-group behavior in times of peace and war.[1][2] He has authored or coauthored more than thirty books and has edited or coedited ten more.

In 1987, Vamık Volkan founded and until 2002 directed Center for the Study of Mind and Human Interaction (CSMHI) at the University of Virginia School of Medicine.[3]



  • (1976). Volkan, V. D. Primitive Internalized Object Relations: A Clinical Study of Schizophrenic, Borderline, and Narcissistic Patients
  • (1979). Volkan, V. D. Cyprus: War and Adaptation: A Psychoanalytic History of Two Ethnic Groups in Conflict
  • (1981). Volkan, V. D. Linking Objects and Linking Phenomena
  • (1982). Volkan, V. D. Primitive Internalized Object Relations: A Clinical Study of Schizophrenic, Borderline, and Narcissistic Patients
  • (1984). Volkan, V. D. What Do You Get When You Cross a Dandelion with a Rose?
  • (1985). Volkan, V. D. Depressive States and Their Treatment
  • (1986). Vamik Volkan and Norman Itzkowitz. The Immortal Atatürk: A Psychobiography
  • (1988). Volkan, V. D. The Need to Have Enemies & Allies: From Clinical Practice to International Relationships
  • (1990). Vamik D. Volkan, Demetrios A. Julius, and Joseph V. Montville. The Psychodynamics of International Relationships: Concepts and Theories (Psychodynamics of International Relationships)
  • (1990). Vamik D. Volkan and Charles W. Socarides. The Homosexualities: Reality, Fantasy, and the Arts
  • (1991). Vamik D. Volkan, Demetrios A. Julius, and Joseph V. Montville. The Psychodynamics of International Relationships: Unofficial Diplomacy at Work
  • (1992). Charles W. Socarides and Vamik D. Volkan. The Homosexualities and the Therapeutic Process
  • (1993). Vamik D. Volkan and Elizabeth Zintl. Life After Loss: The Lessons of Grief
  • (1995). Volkan, V. D. Six Steps in the Treatment of Borderline Personality Organization
  • (1995). Volkan, V. D. The Infantile Psychotic Self: Understanding and Treating Schizophrenics and Other Difficult Patients. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson.
  • (1996) Vamik D. Volkan and Salman Akhtar. The Seed of Madness: Constitution, Environment, and Fantasy in the Organization of the Psychotic Core
  • (1997) Volkan, V. D. and G. Ast. Siblings in the Unconscious and Psychopathology: Womb Fantasies, Claustrophobias, Fear of Pregnancy, Murderous Rage, Animal Symbolism
  • (1997). Volkan, V. D. Bloodlines: From Ethnic Pride to Ethnic Terrorism. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux.[4]
  • (1999) Vamik D. Volkan, Norman Itzkowitz, Andrew W. Dod. Richard Nixon
  • (2001). Volkan, V. D., G. Ast, and W. F. Greer. Third Reich in the Unconscious: A Study of Transgenerational Transmissions of Shared Trauma and its Consequences for Identity Formation. Philadelphia: Brunner-Routledge.
  • (2002). Volkan, V. D., Ast, Gabriele, and Greer, William. The Third Reich in the Unconscious: Transgenerational Transmission and its Consequences. New York: Bruenner-Routledge.
  • (2002). Volkan, V. D. Kozmik Kahkaha (Cosmic Laughter). Trans. B. Büyükkal. Istanbul: Okuyan Us Yayin.
  • (2003). Varvin, S. and V. D. Volkan (eds.) Violence or Dialogue: Psychoanalytic Insights on Terror and Terrorism. London: International Psychoanalytical Association.
  • (2003). Volkan, V. D. Atlarla Yașıyan Kadın (The Woman who Lived with Horses). Trans. B. Büyükkal. Istanbul: Okuyan Us Yayin.
  • (2004). Volkan, V. D. Das infantile psychotische Selbst und seine weitere Entwicklung (The Infantile Psychotic Self). Göttingen, Germany: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
  • (2004). Volkan, V. d.Blind Trust: Large Groups and Their Leaders in Times of Crisis and Terror
  • (2004) Salman Akhtar and Vamik D. Volkan Mental Zoo: Animals in the Human Mind and Its Pathology
  • (2004). Akhtar, S. and V. D. Volkan (eds.) (2004). Cultural Zoo: Animals in the Human Mind and its Sublimations. Madison, CT: International Universities Press.
  • (2005)Volkan, V. D. and Itzkowitz, N. Atatoypk (Ataturk). Trans. by K. Zervos. Athens: Kostanidis.
  • (2006). Volkan, V. D.Killing in the Name of Identity: A Study of Bloody Conflicts. Pitchstone Publishing. ISBN 0-9728875-7-1
  • (2006). Varvin, S. and V. D. Volkan (eds.) Violenza o Dialogo? Insight psicoanalitico su terrore e terrorism. (Violence or Dialogue: Psychoanalytic Insights on Terror and Terrorism). Rome: Edizioni Borla s.r.
  • (2007). Volkan, V. D. and G. Ast. Özsevinin Dokusu (Spectrum of Narcissism)). Trans. by B. Özbaran and S. Pırıldar. Izmir, Turkey: Halime Odağ Psikoanaliz ve Psikoterapi Vakfı.
  • (2007). Volkan, V. D. Psikoterapide Nesne Ilişkileri (Object Relations in Psychotherapy). Trans. by A. A. Köşkdere. Bursa, Turkey: Terapi Psikiyatri Merkezi.
  • (2008). Carter, J., Irani, G., and V. D. Volkan (eds.) Regional and Ethnic Conflicts: Perspectives from the Front Lines. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/ Prentice Hall.
  • (2009). Volkan, V. D. with J. C. Fowler. Searching for a Perfect Woman: The Story of a Complete Psychoanalysis. New York: Jason Aronson.
  • (2009). Volkan, V. D. Fanustaki İnsanlar (People in Glass Bubbles). Trans. Serap Erdogan. Istanbul: Everest Yayınevi
  • (2010). Volkan, V. D. and N. Itzkowitz (2010). Atatürk/Anatürk: Mustafa Kemal’in Yaşamı, İç Dünyası, Yeni Türk Kimliğinin Yaratılışı ve Bugünkü Türkiye’deki Kimlik Sorunları (Father Turk/MotherTurk: The Life of Mustafa Kemal, His Internal World, the Creation of the New Turkish Identity and Identity Questions in Today’s Turkey). Istanbul: Alfa Yayınları.
  • (2010). Volkan, V. D. and N. Atabey. Osmanlı’nın Yasından Atatürk’un Türkiye’sine: Onarıcı Liderlik ve Politik Psikoloji (From Mourning the Ottomans to Atatürk’s Turkey: Reparative Leadership and Political Psychology). Ankara, Turkey: Kripto.
  • (2010). Volkan, V. D. Divanda Kılıç Dövüșü (Swordfight on the Couch). Trans. B. Büyükkal. Istanbul, Turkey: Istanbul Bilgi Universitesi Yayınları.
  • (2010). Volkan, V. D. Hevosnainen: Psychoanalyyttinen tapausselostus (A Women who Lived with Horses) Helsinki: Therapeia-säätio.
  • (2011). Volkan, V. D. Psychoanalytic Technique Expanded: A Textbook on Psychoanalytic Treatment. Istanbul/London: Oa Press.
  • (2012). Volkan, V. D. Die Erweiterung der psycho-analytischen Behandlungstechnik: bei neurotischen, traumatisierten, narzisstischen und Borderline-Personlichkeiitsorganisationen. Trans. G. Ast. Giessen, Germany: Psychosozial-Verlag.
  • (2013)Volkan, V. D. Divandaki Dusmanlar: Bir Turk Psikoanalistin Politik Psikoloji Seruveni, Tercuman: Serap Erdogan Taycan. Istanbul: Alfa yayinevi.
  • (2013). Volkan, V. D.Psicologia de las Sociedades en Conflicto: diplomacia, relaciones internacionales y psicoanálisis. Libro de Consulta Sobre la Psicologia de los Grupos Grandes.
  • (2013). Volkan, V. D. Enemies on the Couch: A Psychopolitical Jopurney Through War and Peace. Durham, N. C.: Pitchstone Publishing.
  • (2014). Volkan, V. D. Animal Killer: Transmission of War Trauma from one Generation to the Next. London: Karnac.
  • (2014). Volkan, V. D. Hayvan Katili. Istanbul: Okuyan Us.
  • (2014). Volkan, V.D. Psychoanalysis, International Relations, and Diplomacy:A Sourcebook on Large-Group Psychology.London: Karnac.
  • (2015). Volkan, V. D. Would-Be Wife Killer: A Clinical Study of Primitive Mental Functions, Actualized Unconscious Fantasies, Satellite States, and Developmental Steps. London: Karnac.


  • Suicide Bombers (CSMHI, University of Virginia School of Medicine)
  • (2013). Volkan, V. D. Geniș grup kimliği ve barıș sağlama üzerine bazı düșünceler (Large-group identity and some thoughts on finding peaceful solutions). 21. Yüzyilda Sosyal Bilimler, 2: 9-36.
  • (2013)Volkan, V. D. My psychopolitical journey. The American Psychoanalyst, 47:2, pp. 9, 29-30.
  • (2013). Volkan, V. D. Large-Group-Psychology in Its Own Right: Large-Group Identity and Peace-making. International Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies 10: 210–246
  • (2013). Volkan, V. D. La identidad del grupo grande y el prejuicio compartido.Teoría y Práctica Groupoanalítica, 3: 29-44.
  • (2014). Volkan, V. D. Father quest and linking objects: A story of the American World War II Orphans Network (AWON) and Palestinian orphans. In Healing in the Wake of Parental Loss: Clinical Applications and Therapeutic Strategies. Ed. P. Cohen, M. Sossin and R. Ruth, pp. 283-300. New York: Jason Aronson.
  • (2015). Volkan, V. D. International Relations and psychoanalysis. In Hostile and Malignant Prejudice: Psychoanalytic Approaches, (Ed.) C. Levitt, pp. 57-83. London: Karnac.


  1. ^ Goleman, Daniel (August 2, 1994). "Amid Ethnic Wars, Psychiatrists Seek Roots of Conflicts". The New York Times. 
  2. ^ Greenway, H. D. S. (October 21, 2009). "Cyprus and 'Chosen Trauma'". The New York Times. 
  3. ^ Stoughton, Stephanie (November 25, 1991). "Psychiatric Team Easing Tensions". Richmond Times-Dispatch. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 
  4. ^ "Peaceful Pretenders". The New York Times. November 9, 1997. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 

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