Van Buren County, Iowa

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Van Buren County, Iowa
VanBurenCoIowa1.jpg
Van Buren County Courthouse
Map of Iowa highlighting Van Buren County
Location in the state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Founded 1836
Named for President Martin Van Buren
Seat Keosauqua
Largest city Keosauqua
Area
 • Total 490.55 sq mi (1,271 km2)
 • Land 484.82 sq mi (1,256 km2)
 • Water 5.73 sq mi (15 km2), 1.17%
Population
 • (2010) 7,570
 • Density 16/sq mi (6/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website vanburencoia.org

Van Buren County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. The population was 7,570 in the 2010 census, a decline from 7,809 in the 2000 census.[1] The county seat is Keosauqua, which contains the oldest continuously operational courthouse in the state of Iowa, and second oldest in the United States.[2]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 490.55 square miles (1,270.5 km2), of which 484.82 square miles (1,255.7 km2) (or 98.83%) is land and 5.73 square miles (14.8 km2) (or 1.17%) is water.[3]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

History[edit]

Plaque on the Van Buren County courthouse, indicating its age and historic status.

Van Buren County was formed on December 7, 1836. It was named for President Martin Van Buren.

The county's courthouse was built in September 1843 in the style of Greek Revival and stands as Iowa's oldest, and the nation's second oldest, courthouse in operation.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 12,270
1860 17,081 39.2%
1870 17,672 3.5%
1880 17,043 −3.6%
1890 16,253 −4.6%
1900 17,354 6.8%
1910 15,020 −13.4%
1920 14,060 −6.4%
1930 12,603 −10.4%
1940 12,053 −4.4%
1950 11,007 −8.7%
1960 9,778 −11.2%
1970 8,643 −11.6%
1980 8,626 −0.2%
1990 7,676 −11.0%
2000 7,809 1.7%
2010 7,570 −3.1%
Est. 2012 7,449 −1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[6]

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 census recorded a population of 7,570 in the county, with a population density of 15.614/sq mi (6.029/km2). There were 3,670 housing units, of which 3,108 were occupied.[1]

2000 census[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Van Buren County

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 7,809 people, 3,181 households, and 2,163 families residing in the county. The population density was 16 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 3,581 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.62% White, 0.06% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 0.64% from two or more races. 0.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,181 households out of which 28.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% were married couples living together, 6.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.00% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.80% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 24.40% from 25 to 44, 24.80% from 45 to 64, and 19.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 99.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,094, and the median income for a family was $36,420. Males had a median income of $27,379 versus $20,925 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,748. About 8.70% of families and 12.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.00% of those under age 18 and 15.60% of those age 65 or over.

Localities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Townships[edit]

According to the 1850 US Census Records.

  • Birmingham Township
  • Bonaparte Township
  • Cedar Township
  • Chequest Township
  • Des Moines Township
  • Farmington Township
  • Harrisburg Township
  • Jackson Township
  • Keosauqua Township
  • Lick Creek Township
  • Union Township
  • Van Buren Township
  • Vernon Township
  • Village Township
  • Washington Township

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved 2011-06-03. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  4. ^ Van Buren County
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 3, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 3, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°45′00″N 91°57′06″W / 40.75000°N 91.95167°W / 40.75000; -91.95167