Van Buren County Courthouse (Michigan)
Van Buren County Courthouse Complex
|Location||212 E. Paw Paw St., Paw Paw, Michigan|
|Area||2 acres (0.81 ha)|
|Built by||George Rickman & Sons|
|Architectural style||Classical Revival|
|NRHP Reference #||79001169|
|Added to NRHP||August 9, 1979|
|Designated MSHS||November 7, 1977|
The Van Buren County Courthouse is a government building located at 212 East Paw Paw Street in Paw Paw, Michigan. It was designated a Michigan State Historic Site in 1977 and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.
Van Buren County was originally platted in 1829, and in 1837, the Board of Supervisors chose Paw Paw as the county seat. Construction began on this site in 1842, and the building was occupied in 1845. In 1900, it was decided to construct a new courthouse for the county, and a bond issue of $35,000 was approved by voters for the purpose. The older courthouse was moved to accommodate a new structure; the original Van Buren County Courthouse now serves as the Paw Paw City Hall.
The county hired Jackson architect Claire Allen to design the building, and contractor George Rickman & Sons to construct it. The cornerstone was laid on September 2, 1901, and the total cost, including courthouse, jail, and furnishings, was $120,000. Construction took a year and a half, and the building was dedicated on February 23, 1903.
The Van Buren County Courthouse is a three-story rectangular Classical Revival structure constructed of yellow sandstone with a red tile hip roof. An Italian Renaissance clock tower topped with a cupola is placed in the center of the building. The cupola and the main cornice are both constructed of copper.
The interior of the courthouse is substantially original. The courtroom has high curved ceilings and dark woodwork, as well as electric chandeliers built to look like the original gas fixtures. Four large murals are also in the courthouse.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "Van Buren County Courthouse Complex". Michigan State Housing Development Authority: Historic Sites Online. Retrieved November 2, 2013.
- "Van Buren County Courthouse". Michigan State Housing Development Authority: Historic Sites Online. Retrieved November 2, 2013.
- John Fedynsky (2010), Michigan's County Courthouses, University of Michigan Press, pp. 176–178, ISBN 9780472117284