Van Lear, Kentucky
|Van Lear, Kentucky|
|Elevation||643 ft (196 m)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||505958|
Incorporated in 1912, the town was named for a director of Consolidation Coal Company (Consol), Van Lear Black. It owes its existence to the viable efforts of John Caldwell Calhoun Mayo. Mayo bought coal rights to land along Miller's Creek in Johnson County, which he later sold to Northern Coal and Coke, which in turn was later acquired by Consol.
Consol built five miles of railroad into the Johnson County property with money loaned by Van Lear Black's Fidelity Trust. Eventually five coal mines were opened and operated in Van Lear from 1910 through 1946. The vast coal deposits were mined from five underground mines around the clock. The miners included immigrant Irish, Italians and Slavs, as well as Appalachians and locals. The mines were integrated; both blacks and whites worked underground. During the boom years the population surpassed 4000.
In 1945 Consol merged with the Pittsburgh Coal Company, then divested itself of its Miller's Creek properties. The people who lived in company-owned housing were given first chance to purchase those homes and many did. However, most of the major buildings were torn down.
Van Lear today
Currently, Van Lear is an unincorporated community. There are no deep mines operating in Van Lear proper, although some mines operate nearby. Most of the residents work in locations outside Van Lear, including the nearby cities of Paintsville, Prestonsburg, and Pikeville. Since the end of local mining, only a handful of businesses continue to operate in the Van Lear area, including a bookstore, Mine Number 5 Store, The East Kentucky Museum of the Macabre, and Icky's 1950's Snack Shop (located inside the Coal Miners' Museum).
People work in mining, education, health care, government, and retail/service jobs. The present population of Van Lear proper is roughly 1600. The total population of the Van Lear postal district (including Butcher Holler) is over 3000.
The Van Lear mines are referred to by country music singer Loretta Lynn in her song "Coal Miner's Daughter" and in the title song of her Van Lear Rose album, and by Dwight Yoakam in "Miner's Prayer" from his Guitars, Cadillacs, Etc., Etc. album. Lynn was born in Butcher Hollow and Yoakam in nearby Pikeville.
Van Lear is located at (37.7712067, -82.7579371). It has an elevation of 643 feet (196 meters).
|Van Lear, incorporated and CDP years.|
The racial makeup of the community was 99.7% White, 0.0% African American, and 0.3% Asian.
In the community there were 807 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18, 63.7% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.6% were non-families. 19.6% of all households were made up of individuals and the average family size was 2.99.
The median income for a household in the ZCTA was $26,600, and the median income for a family was $29,556. Males had a median income of $30,000 versus $18,375 for females. The per capita income for the ZCTA was $15,269. About 14.2% of families were below the poverty line.
Most students in Van Lear attend:
- Porter Elementary school at Hager Hill (kindergarten-sixth grade)
- Johnson Central High School in Paintsville (ninth-twelfth grade)
- Loretta Lynn, country music singer.
- Crystal Gayle, country music singer and younger sister of Loretta Lynn.
- Sue Webb Wright, country music singer and younger sister of Loretta Lynn.
- Russell Rice, author and inducted into the University of Kentucky's Athletic Hall Of Fame.
- James Vaughn, author.
- Danny K. Blevins, author.
- Joyce Kretzer, author.
- Patricia West, author.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Van Lear, Kentucky Retrieved on 2009-06-01
- U.S. Census Bureau Retrieved on 2009-1-8
- American Factfinder Retrieved on 2009-06-01
- Johnson County Schools Retrieved on 2009-06-01