|Molar mass||62.953 g/mol|
|Appearance||refractory black cubic crystals|
|Solubility in water||insoluble|
|Crystal structure||cubic, cF8|
|Space group||Fm3m, No. 225|
| (what is: / ?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Vanadium carbide is the inorganic compound with the formula VC. It is an extremely hard refractory ceramic material. WIth a hardness of 9-9.5 Mohs, it is possibly the hardest metal-carbide known.). It is of interest because it is prevalent in vanadium metal and alloys.
Structure and preparation
Being isomorphous with vanadium monoxide, it crystallizes in the rock salt structure. Because VC and VO are miscible, samples of VC typically contain an impurity of the oxide. It is produced by heating vanadium oxides with carbon at around 1000 °C. Vanadium carbide can be formed in the (111) orientation, when formed by radio frequency magnetron sputtering. Although VC is thermodynamically stable, it converts to V2C at higher temperatures.
- Lide, David R. (1998), Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (87 ed.), Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 4–93, ISBN 0-8493-0594-2
- Günter Bauer, Volker Güther, Hans Hess, Andreas Otto, Oskar Roidl, Heinz Roller, Siegfried Sattelberger "Vanadium and Vanadium Compounds" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, 2005, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. doi:10.1002/14356007.a27_367
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