|Town of Vance |
|Tuscaloosa County and the state of Alabama|
|• Total||10.2 sq mi (26.5 km2)|
|• Land||10.2 sq mi (26.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||509 ft (155 m)|
|• Density||150/sq mi (58.0/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0158947|
Vance is a town in Tuscaloosa and Bibb counties in the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 1,529. It is most famous for the Mercedes-Benz U.S. International plant, currently the only one in North America. The current mayor of Vance is Keith Mahaffey.
The town of Vance was first settled in 1830 by David M. Lindley. At that time, the town was called Trion and it was a trading post on the Old Huntsville Road.
In 1872, Trion was renamed Smallwood in honor of sawmill owner Charles Smallwood.
- Mayor - Keith Mahaffey
- Place 1 - Lou Evelyn White
- Place 2 - Harold McAdory
- Place 3 - Debbie Nichols
- Place 4 - Brenda Morrison
- Place 5 - Dianne Averett
- Town Clerk - Tracy Burt
- Chief of Police - Ralph Burnell, Jr
- Assistant Chief - Chase Lowery
Most of the town of Vance is located in southeastern Tuscaloosa County, with the town center at 33°9'52.276" North, 87°13'54.185" West (33.164521, -87.231718). The town extends south into Bibb County. U.S. Route 11 passes through the center of the town, leading west 21 miles (34 km) to Tuscaloosa and northeast 36 miles (58 km) to downtown Birmingham. Interstate 59 parallels Route 11 and serves Vance via Exit 89, adjacent to the Mercedes-Benz plant.
Average annual rainfall is 54.9 inches (1,390 mm).
As of the census of 2000, there were 500 people, 189 households, and 154 families residing in the town. The population density was 61.3 people per square mile (23.7/km²). There were 207 housing units at an average density of 25.4 per square mile (9.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.40% White, 0.60% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 1.00% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. 1.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 189 households out of which 37.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.4% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.5% were non-families. 17.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the town the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 110.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $43,750, and the median income for a family was $50,833. Males had a median income of $37,500 versus $21,944 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,867. About 2.1% of families and 1.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.3% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.
- Code of Alabama 1975, Title 11, Chapter 40, Section 11-40-1
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Vance town, Alabama". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 16, 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.