Vancouver Stock Exchange
The Vancouver Stock Exchange (VSE) was a stock exchange based in Vancouver, British Columbia. It was incorporated 1906 and was the third major stock exchange in Canada, after the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX) and Montreal Stock Exchange (MSE), and featured many small-capitalization and mining and oil and gas exploration stocks.
In 1991, it listed some 2,300 stocks. Some local figures stated that the majority of these stocks were either total failures or frauds. A 1994 report by James Matkin (Vancouver Stock Exchange & Securities Regulation Commission) made reference to "shams, swindles and market manipulations" within the VSE. Regardless of the low opinion several held it in, it had roughly C$4 billion in annual trading in 1991.
On November 29, 1999 the VSE was merged into the Canadian Venture Exchange (CDNX), along with the Alberta Stock Exchange (ASE) and the minor-cap stocks from the Bourse de Montréal (MSE). The trading floor of the old VSE remained as the trading floor of the new CDNX.
The history of the exchange's index provides a standard case example of large errors arising from seemingly innocuous floating point calculations. In January 1982 the index was initialized at 1000 and subsequently updated and truncated to three decimal places on each trade. This was done about 3000 times a day. The accumulated truncations led to an erroneous loss of around 25 points per month. Over the weekend of November 25–28, 1983, the error was corrected, raising the value of the index from its Friday closing figure of 524.811 to 1098.892.
- High Risks Don't Deter U.S. Funds From Vancouver Deals, NY Times, August 8, 1994.
- Behar, R. (May 6, 1991). "Mining money in Vancouver". Time 137 (18): 54. ISSN 0040-781X.
- The Wall Street Journal November 8, 1983, p.37
- The Toronto Star, November 29, 1983
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