Vanessa (butterfly)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Vanessa
Redadmiral08.JPG
Red Admiral, Vanessa atalanta
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Subfamily: Nymphalinae
Tribe: Nymphalini
Genus: Vanessa
Fabricius, 1807
Species

See text

Synonyms

Fieldia (Niculescu, 1979)
Cynthia (Fabricius, 1807)
Pyrameis (Hübner, 1819)
Bassaris (Hübner, 1821)
Ammiralis (Rennie, 1832)
Neopyrameis (Scudder, 1889)
Fieldia (Niculescu, 1979)

Vanessa is a genus of brush-footed butterflies. Many people are familiar with it, as it has a near-global distribution and includes conspicuous species such as the red admirals (e.g., Red Admiral, Indian Red Admiral, New Zealand Red Admiral), the Kamehameha, and the painted ladies of subgenus Cynthia: Painted Lady, American Painted Lady, Vanessa Annabella or West Coast Lady, Australian Painted Lady, etc. For African Admirals see genus, Antanartia. Recently several members traditionally considered to be in the genus Antanartia have been determined to belong within the genus Vanessa.[1]

The name of the genus may have been taken from the girl's name. Though it has been suggested the name may be a variant of "Phanessa", from the name of an Ancient Greek deity, this is unlikely. The name of the deity is actually not "Phanessa" but Phanes. Johan Christian Fabricius, the entomologist who named this genus, normally used the original forms of the names of classical divinities when he created new scientific names.

In popular culture[edit]

John Shade discusses the Vanessa genus in reference to his wife in Nabokov's Pale Fire.[2]

Species[edit]

There are 22 species, arranged here alphabetically.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wahlberg, Niklas; Rubinoff, Daniel (2011). "Vagility across Vanessa (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): mobility in butterfly species does not inhibit the formation and persistence of isolated sister taxa.". Systematic Entomology 36 (2): 362–370. 
  2. ^ Nabokov, Vladimir (1992) Pale Fire. New York: Everyman's Library 133
  3. ^ Wahlberg, Niklas; Rubinoff, Daniel (2011). "Vagility across Vanessa (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): mobility in butterfly species does not inhibit the formation and persistence of isolated sister taxa.". Systematic Entomology 36 (2): 362–370. 

External links[edit]