Vanino, Khabarovsk Krai

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For other places with the same name, see Vanino.
Vanino (English)
Ванино (Russian)
-  Urban-type settlement  -
Work settlement[citation needed]
Vanino port.jpg
The port of Vanino
Map of Russia - Khabarovsk Krai (2008-03).svg
Location of Khabarovsk Krai in Russia
Vanino is located in Khabarovsk Krai
Vanino
Vanino
Location of Vanino in Khabarovsk Krai
Coordinates: 49°05′N 140°16′E / 49.083°N 140.267°E / 49.083; 140.267Coordinates: 49°05′N 140°16′E / 49.083°N 140.267°E / 49.083; 140.267
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Khabarovsk Krai
Administrative district Vaninsky District[citation needed]
Administrative center of Vaninsky District[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 17,001 inhabitants[1]
Time zone VLAT (UTC+11:00)[2]
Founded 1907[3]
Previous names Tishkino[3]
Postal code(s)[4] 682860
Dialing code(s) +7 42137[citation needed]
Official website
Vanino on WikiCommons

Vanino (Russian: Ва́нино) is an urban locality (a work settlement) and the administrative center of Vaninsky District of Khabarovsk Krai, Russia. Population: 17,001 (2010 Census);[1] 19,180 (2002 Census);[5] 21,510 (1989 Census).[6]

Geography[edit]

Vanino is located 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) north (straight-line distance) from Sovetskaya Gavan, but the actual road distance is about twice as much, as the sea coast is highly indented.

History[edit]

Vanin Bay on the Strait of Tartary was named after a topographer who worked in a team that prepared maps of the coast in 1874. Vanino was established in 1907.[3]

The Vanino Harbor, then considered part of Sovetskaya Gavan, received an overland connection with the rest of the USSR with the construction of railway from Komsomolsk-on-Amur (the easternmost section of the future Baikal-Amur Mainline), which was started in 1943 and completed in 1945. That caused quick growth of the port in Vanino Harbor.

During the 1940s, Vanino, along with Vladivostok, was a major port for shipping convicts from the "mainland" USSR to Magadan, the port for the Kolyma Gulag labor camps. In post-Stalin era, the importance of the port continued to increase, as it provided the shortest connection to the seaports of Russian north-east. The cargo volumes handled by the port peaked in 1989, at 11.5 million tons. In 2005, the volume was 6.2 million tons.

In 1958, Vanino was administratively separated from Sovetskaya Gavan, becoming an urban-type settlement. In 1973, it became the administrative center of the newly created Vaninsky District.

Economy[edit]

Vanino is an important port on the Strait of Tartary (northernmost part of Sea of Japan), served by the BAM railway line. The settlement's economic significance is based on its port, which is among the ten largest ports of Russia measured by its cargo-handling volume.[7]

As of 2009, Vanino is a hub (and the main mainland railway connection) for the Sakhalin Shipping Company, which runs regular cargo boats from this port to Magadan, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, and Pusan. Since 1973, this company has also operated an icebreaker vehicular, passenger, and rail ferry service from Vanino to Kholmsk, providing an important connection between Sakhalin and the Russian mainland.[8]

Vanino also has an oil terminal, as well as an oil refinery, run by Transbunker Group; it is the only oil refinery in Russia that is designed specifically for producing fuel oil for ship engines.[9]

Vanino is Russia's second largest coal port on the Pacific after Vostochny Port (near Nakhodka), with between 1.5 million tonnes and 2 million tonnes of coal being handled per year. Russia's largest coal producer Mechel is constructing its own terminal in Vanino to supply coal-hungry Asian markets. The new terminal is expected to be ready in 2012 and will have the capacity to handle 25 million tonnes per year.[10]

Sister cities[edit]

Vanino is twinned with the following sister cities:[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. ^ a b c "История". Russian. Ванинский муниципальный район. Retrieved November 1, 2011. 
  4. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  5. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  6. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Vanino Commercial Sea Port". City Business Promotion Centre Ltd. Retrieved November 27, 2009. 
  8. ^ SASCO: Vanino-Kholmsk (Russian)
  9. ^ Vanino Oil Terminal (Transbunker Group)
  10. ^ "Port Delays Slow Coal Exports to Asia". The Moscow Times. 2009-11-26. Retrieved 27 November 2009. 
  11. ^ Край от севера до юга

External links[edit]