A vanishing mediator is a concept that exists to mediate between two opposing ideas, as a transition occurs between them. At the point where one idea has been replaced by the other, and the concept is no longer required, the mediator vanishes. In terms of Hegelian dialectics the conflict between the theoretical abstraction and its empirical negation (through trial and error) is resolved by a concretion of the two ideas, representing a theoretical abstraction taking into account the previous contradiction, whereupon the mediator vanishes.
In terms of psychoanalytic theory, when someone is caught in a dilemma they experience Hysteria. A conceptual deadlock exists until the resulting Hysteric breakdown precipitates some kind of resolution, therefore the Hysteria is a vanishing mediator in this case.
It is a concept that was originally described (as ″terme évanouissant″ or ″vanishing term″) by Alain Badiou in Théorie du sujet and subsequently (as "vanishing mediator") by Fredric Jameson in The Ideologies of Theory, a two volume compilation of his essays, Jameson first defines the instance of textual unconscious outlined by Jacques Lacan, before the general idea of a vanishing mediator. Since, this concept has been adopted by Žižek in "For They Know Not What They Do: Enjoyment as a Political factor", where he uses it in a political sense, similar to Marx's Analysis of Revolution.
- Slavoj Zizek - Key Ideas
- Zizek and us.
- Jameson, Fredric (1988). The ideologies of theory: essays 1971-1986 2. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. ISBN 0-8166-1576-4.
- Mellard, James M. (2006). "Chapter 1. From Freud to Jacques Lacan and the Textual Unconscious". Beyond Lacan (Suny Series in Psychoanalysis and Culture). Albany, N.Y: State University of New York Press. ISBN 0-7914-6903-4.
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