Vantaa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Vantaa
VantaaVanda
City
Vantaan kaupunki
Vanda stad
Kielotorni4.JPG
Coat of arms of Vantaa
Coat of arms
Location of Vantaa in Finland
Location of Vantaa in Finland
Coordinates: 60°17′40″N 025°02′25″E / 60.29444°N 25.04028°E / 60.29444; 25.04028Coordinates: 60°17′40″N 025°02′25″E / 60.29444°N 25.04028°E / 60.29444; 25.04028
Country Finland
Region Uusimaa
Sub-region Greater Helsinki
Charter 1351
City 1974
Government
 • City manager Kari Nenonen
Area (2011-01-01)[1]
 • Total 240.34 km2 (92.80 sq mi)
 • Land 238.37 km2 (92.04 sq mi)
 • Water 1.97 km2 (0.76 sq mi)
Area rank 291st largest in Finland
Population (2014-09-30)[2]
 • Total 210,096
 • Rank 4th largest in Finland
 • Density 881.39/km2 (2,282.8/sq mi)
Population by native language[3]
 • Finnish 88.6% (official)
 • Swedish 3% (official)
 • Others 8.4%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 to 14 18.5%
 • 15 to 64 70.5%
 • 65 or older 11.1%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 19%
Unemployment rate 7.8%
Website www.vantaa.fi

Vantaa (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈʋɑntɑː]; Swedish: Vanda) is a city and municipality in Finland. Helsinki, Vantaa, Espoo and Kauniainen make up the inner core of Helsinki Metropolitan Area.

Vantaa, with its population of 210,096 (30 September 2014[2]), is the fourth most populated city of Finland. The biggest airport in Finland, the Helsinki-Vantaa Airport, is located there. It also hosts a science centre, Heureka.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Vantaa encompasses 240.34 square kilometres (92.80 sq mi), of which 1.97 km2 (0.76 sq mi) is water.[1] Population density is 881.39/km2 (2,282.8/sq mi). It borders Helsinki, the Finnish capital, which is to the south and southwest. Other neighbouring municipalities are Espoo to the west, Nurmijärvi, Kerava and Tuusula to the north and Sipoo to the east.

Subdivision[edit]

Main article: Districts of Vantaa

Vantaa is divided into seven districts (Finnish: palvelualueet, Swedish: storområden): Myyrmäki (Myrbacka), Tikkurila (Dickursby), Hakunila (Håkansböle), Korso, Koivukylä (Björkby) and Aviapolis.

History[edit]

The name Vantaa was taken into use in 1972 when the municipality gained market town rights. The first record of the area is as Helsinge in 1351 when king Magnus II of Sweden granted salmon fishing rights on the river Vantaa to the Estonian Padise monastery. The municipality was formerly known as Helsingin maalaiskunta ("Helsinki Rural Commune"). The rapids of river Vantaa were known as Helsingfors, from which the current Swedish name of Helsinki derives. In 1972, the municipality was renamed Vantaa (Swedish Vanda) and promoted to a köping (market town) (i.e. Vantaan kauppala/Vanda köping). In 1974 got full city rights as Vantaan kaupunki/Vanda stad "City of Vantaa".

Population[edit]

The city is bilingual, both Finnish and Swedish being official languages.[6] A majority (88.6%) of the population are Finnish speakers while 3% speak Swedish as their first language. Vantaa's residents that speak a native language other than Finnish or Swedish stand at 8.4% of the population.

In 2006, 74.6% of the population were members of the Lutheran Church of Finland.

Demographics[edit]

The Tikkurila railway station is the busiest station in Vantaa.
The Helsinki-Vantaa Airport (HEL), although associated with Helsinki, is located in Vantaa.
Demographic evolution
Year Population
1805 4 840
1865 6 974
1880 7 819
1890 8 865
1900 11 110
1910 18 321
1920 22 368
1930 23 558
1940 31 511
1950 14 976
1960 41 906
1970 72 215
1980 129 918
1990 152 263
2000 176 386
2007 190 058
2010 200 029

Politics[edit]

Districts of Vantaa

Vantaa's city council has 67 seats. Following the 2012 municipal election the council seats are allocated in the following way: Social Democrats 18 seats, National Coalition Party 18, True Finns 11, Greens 9, Left Alliance 4, Centre Party 3, Christian Democrats 2, Swedish People's Party 2.[7]

Mayors[edit]

Economy[edit]

Finnair headquarters

Companies that have their headquarters in Vantaa (at the Helsinki-Vantaa Airport) include Finnair, Finavia, Air Finland and Blue1.[8][9][10]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Vantaa is twinned with:

Science centre Heureka

Culture[edit]

Music[edit]

There are about 20 choirs in Vantaa,[11] like Vantaan Laulu and Vantaa Chamber Choir. Three actively performing concert bands Tikkurilan Soittokunta, Lumon Puhaltajat and Puhallinorkesteri Louhi exist at the east, north and west corners of the city respectively.[12] Vantaa Pops (Vantaan Viihdeorkesteri in Finnish), conducted by a Welshman Nick Davies,[13] is the only professional full symphonic pops orchestra in Finland.

Ankkarock was a rock music festival held every summer in Korso between 1989-2010.

Museums[edit]

Tikkurila is home of the major science centre in Finland, Heureka. In addition there is the city museum next to the railway station in Tikkurila which has exhibitions with various themes on local history. The museum is housed in the oldest station building in Finland, designed by Carl Albert Edelfelt and completed in 1861. The Finnish Aviation Museum is located in Vantaa, near Helsinki Airport.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Helsinki-Vantaa Airport (Helsinki Airport)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8.2
(46.8)
10.0
(50)
17.5
(63.5)
23.6
(74.5)
28.8
(83.8)
31.4
(88.5)
34.0
(93.2)
31.5
(88.7)
25.3
(77.5)
18.2
(64.8)
10.5
(50.9)
9.6
(49.3)
34.0
(93.2)
Average high °C (°F) −2.4
(27.7)
−2.7
(27.1)
1.5
(34.7)
8.7
(47.7)
15.8
(60.4)
19.6
(67.3)
22.5
(72.5)
20.5
(68.9)
14.8
(58.6)
8.6
(47.5)
2.6
(36.7)
−0.7
(30.7)
9.1
(48.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −5.0
(23)
−5.7
(21.7)
−1.9
(28.6)
4.1
(39.4)
10.4
(50.7)
14.6
(58.3)
17.7
(63.9)
15.8
(60.4)
10.7
(51.3)
5.6
(42.1)
0.4
(32.7)
−3.2
(26.2)
5.3
(41.5)
Average low °C (°F) −8.1
(17.4)
−8.9
(16)
−5.4
(22.3)
−0.2
(31.6)
4.8
(40.6)
9.5
(49.1)
12.6
(54.7)
11.3
(52.3)
6.9
(44.4)
2.7
(36.9)
−2.1
(28.2)
−6.0
(21.2)
1.4
(34.5)
Record low °C (°F) −35.9
(−32.6)
−30.2
(−22.4)
−27.2
(−17)
−12.1
(10.2)
−5.4
(22.3)
−0.5
(31.1)
4.0
(39.2)
2.0
(35.6)
−7.3
(18.9)
−14.5
(5.9)
−19.9
(−3.8)
−29.5
(−21.1)
−35.9
(−32.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 54
(2.13)
37
(1.46)
37
(1.46)
32
(1.26)
39
(1.54)
61
(2.4)
66
(2.6)
79
(3.11)
64
(2.52)
82
(3.23)
73
(2.87)
58
(2.28)
682
(26.86)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 38 74 131 196 275 266 291 219 143 84 37 26 1,780
Source: Climatological statistics for the normal period 1981–2010 [14] Sun and record temperatures 1981-2011 only

See also[edit]


References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 30.09.2014" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 17 November 2014. 
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  6. ^ Government Decree on the Official Languages in Administrative Districts for 2003–2012 (in Finnish); [1] (the same in Swedish). Retrieved on 7 July 2012
  7. ^ http://www.vaalikone.fi/kunta2012/tulos/02/092/
  8. ^ http://www.finavia.fi/about_finavia/contact Contact Information]." Finavia. Retrieved on 15 February 2010.
  9. ^ "Oy Air Finland Ltd in English." Air Finland. Retrieved on 25 February 2010.
  10. ^ "Privacy Policy
  11. ^ http://www.vantaa.fi/fi/kulttuuri/kulttuurialan_yhdistykset/kuorot
  12. ^ http://www.vantaa.fi/fi/kulttuuri/kulttuurialan_yhdistykset/orkesterit_soittokunnat_ja_yhtyeet
  13. ^ http://www.hs.fi/kulttuuri/artikkeli/Nick+Davies+Vantaan+viihdeorkesterin+ylikapellimestariksi/1135259753244
  14. ^ "Normal period 1981-2010". 

External links[edit]