Vanuatuan general election, 2012

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Vanuatuan general election, 2012
Vanuatu
2008 ←
30 October 2012 (2012-10-30)
→ Next

All 52 seats to the Parliament
  First party Second party Third party
  Edward Natapei 2009.jpg Sato Kilman (cropped).jpg
Leader Edward Natapei Sato Kilman Serge Vohor
Party Vanua'aku Pati People's Progress Party Union of Moderate Parties
Last election 11 4 7
Seats won 8 6 5
Seat change Decrease 3 Increase 2 Decrease 2
Popular vote 13,593 9,462 14,675
Percentage 11.29 8.01 12.19%
Swing Decrease 12.94 Increase 3.09 Decrease 1.07%

Prime Minister before election

Sato Kilman
People's Progress Party

Subsequent Prime Minister

Moana Carcasses Kalosil
Green Confederation

Coat of arms of Vanuatu.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Vanuatu

General elections were held in Vanuatu on 30 October 2012.[1]

The previous elections to the 52-member Parliament of Vanuatu were held in 2008. The largest parties in this election were the center-left Vanua'aku Pati, which won 11 seats, and the social-democratic National United Party (8 seats). Thirteen other parties as well as four independents won parliamentary seats. As a result, Edward Natapei of the Vanua'aku Pati was able to become the Prime Minister. Since then, both Serge Vohor of the conservative Union of Moderate Parties and Sato Kilman of the People's Progress Party have held that position, with Kilman being the incumbent Prime Minister of Vanuatu at the time of the 2012 election.

Electoral system[edit]

The 52 members of Parliament will be elected in 17 multi-member constituencies.[1] Parties put forward closed lists, and each voter will cast a single vote.[2]

Candidates had to be at least 25 years old, and could not have an undischarged prison sentence or bankruptcy.[2] They also required the support of at least five registered voters in their constituency, and had to put down a non-refundable 50,000 vatu deposit.[2] The President, judges, magistrates, civil servants, police officers, teachers and members of the National Council of Chiefs were all ineligible for election to Parliament.[2]

Campaign[edit]

346 candidates from 32 political parties contested the 52 seats.[3]

There were 344 polling stations throughout the country, including 12 in the capital city, Port Vila.[4] Over 192,000 citizens were eligible to vote in the 2012 election, with 34,998 registered voters in the capital city.[4]

The election was being observed by representatives from Australia, China, the European Union and the United States, as well as the High Commissioner of New Zealand to Vanuatu, Bill Dobie.[5] The international observers will submit a report on the election to the Vanuatuan government once the election is completed.[5]

Results[edit]

Voters at a polling station on election day.
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Union of Moderate Parties 14,675 12.19 5 –2
Vanua'aku Pati 13,593 11.29 8 –3
People's Progress Party 9,642 8.01 6 +2
National United Party 7,456 6.20 4 –4
Land and Justice Party 7,241 6.02 4 New
Reunification of Movement for Change 6,921 5.75 3 New
Nagriamel 5,092 4.23 3 +2
Iauko Group 4,425 3.68 3 New
Green Confederation 4,219 3.51 3 +1
Vanuatu Republican Party 3,627 3.01 1 New
Melanesian Progressive Party 3,379 2.81 2 +1
Vanuatu Liberal Democratic Party 2,982 2.48 1 New
Vanuatu Presidential Party 2,888 2.40 0 New
Vanuatu Democratic Party 2,110 1.75 0 0
Vanuatu National Party 1,955 1.62 1 0
Natatok 1,915 1.59 2 New
National Community Association 1,878 1.56 0 0
Vanuatu Labour Party 1,182 0.98 0 –1
Fren Melanesian Party 1,069 0.89 0 New
Peoples Service Party 932 0.77 1 New
Union Liberation Front 758 0.63 0 New
Vanuatu Progressive Republican Party 671 0.56 0 New
People's Action Party 653 0.54 0 –1
Vanuatu Progressive Development Party 634 0.5 1 New
Vemarana 15 Islands Culture 561 0.47 0 New
Vanuatu Reform Democratic Party 525 0.44 0 New
Movement Blong ol Chief 450 0.37 0 New
Tanna United Front 387 0.32 0 New
Independent Movement 252 0.21 0 New
Vanuatu Liberal Party 186 0.15 0 New
Vanuatu Family First Party 144 0.12 0 –1
Kristian Democratic Party 97 0.08 0 New
Universal Ethnic System 87 0.07 0 New
VLDP 55 0.05 0 New
Vanuatu Freedom Party 27 0.02 0 New
Vanuatu Democratic and Liberal Party for Change 20 0.02 0 New
Independents 17,666 14.68 4 0
Invalid/blank votes 1,541
Total 121,895 100 52 0
Registered voters/turnout 184,463 66.08
Source: Adam Carr

Subsequent by-elections[edit]

References[edit]