Vanya and Sonia and Masha and Spike
|Vanya and Sonia and Masha and Spike|
|Written by||Christopher Durang|
|Date premiered||September 7, 2012|
|Place premiered||McCarter Theatre, Princeton, New Jersey|
Vanya and Sonia and Masha and Spike is a comedy play written by Christopher Durang that premiered at McCarter Theatre on September 7, 2012. It ran Off-Broadway in 2012 and then transferred to Broadway in 2013. Subsequently it was produced in California, Indiana, Minnesota and Arizona. The show revolves around three middle-aged single siblings, two of whom live together, during a visit by the third who supports them. The show depicts how their lives have evolved and how they have come to be in their current state. Some of the show's elements were derived from the works of Anton Chekhov, including several of the characters' names, the play's setting in a cherry orchard, and the theme of the possible loss of an ancestral home. The original McCarter, Off-Broadway, and Broadway casts included David Hyde Pierce, Kristine Nielsen, Sigourney Weaver and Billy Magnussen.
Critics praised Vanya and Sonia and Masha and Spike as a humorous adaptation of Chekhov themes that doesn't require familiarity with Chekhov. The show also proved to be a commercial success, recouping its $2.75 million investment in under a year. In 2013, it won the Tony Award for Best Play, the Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Play, the New York Drama Critics' Circle Award for Best Play, the Drama League Award for Outstanding Production of a Broadway or Off-Broadway Play and the Off-Broadway Alliance Award for Best New Play.
Middle-aged siblings Vanya and Sonia, named after characters in Chekhov's plays by their parents (both of whom were professors active in community theatre), live in the family home in Bucks County, Pennsylvania. Vanya and Sonia have not had to grow up. After spending their adulthood looking after their now-dead parents, neither has a job, and money is provided by their movie star sister Masha, who owns the house and pays the bills. Vanya (who is gay) and Sonia (who is forever reminding everyone that she is adopted) spend their days reflecting on their lost chances, debating whether the grove of nine cherry trees on their property constitutes an orchard,  and bemoaning their rather Chekhovian lot in life. The only other resident of the house is their cleaning woman Cassandra, who, like her namesake, is prone to making dire prophecies that no one believes.
This static environment is disrupted when Masha returns home, bringing with her a flurry of drama, an endless litany of insecurity, and a much younger, gorgeous, dimwitted lover named Spike. Sonia's resentments and Masha's competitive nature begin to spark arguments, and while Vanya tries to keep the peace, he is repeatedly distracted by the preening Spike, who takes every opportunity possible to strip down and show off his muscular body. Masha's fifth marriage has recently ended and her career is starting to stall. Spike's career has never even started, and his biggest claim to fame is nearly landing a part in the sequel to Entourage, Entourage 2. Another interloper arrives, the neighbor's pretty niece Nina, an aspiring actress who provokes envy in Masha, lust in Spike and sympathy in Vanya.
Masha has returned home to attend a costume party at an influential neighbor's house and insists that her friends and family dress as characters from Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, choosing to dress herself as Snow White. When told she will be going as one of the dwarfs, Sonia rebels and dresses up as The Evil Queen as portrayed by Maggie Smith on her way to the Oscars. As they prepare for the party, it becomes clear that Masha intends to sell the house, leaving Vanya and Sonia devastated.
Things come to a head the day after the party. As Cassandra uses a voodoo doll on Masha, attempting to convince her not to sell the house, Sonia receives a phone call from a man she met at the party, requesting a date. Hesitantly, she accepts. Vanya, who is secretly writing a play based on Konstantin's symbolist drama in The Seagull, is convinced by Nina to let her read it in front of the others. During the play (which stars Nina as a molecule and takes place after the destruction of the earth) Spike rudely answers a text on his phone, which provokes a furious rant from Vanya about global warming, Señor Wences, and the devolution of culture since the 1950s, among other topics.
Masha realizes that the person Spike is texting is her personal assistant, with whom he has been having an affair. She ends the relationship and kicks him out of the house, which she announces she no longer plans to sell. The three siblings, optimistic for the first time in a very long time, sit quietly together and listen to The Beatles as the play ends.
According to Durang, "My play is not a Chekhov parody...I take Chekhov scenes and characters and put them into a blender." Although the characters in the play, named by university professors, share names with Chekhov characters, they are not literally the same characters but are derived from their namesakes and other characters. Durang mentioned that Masha is more like Madame Arkadina in The Seagull than any of Chekhov's characters named Masha. Rather than mimic Three Sisters, his play has a sister, brother and stepsister, with the latter two being the most Chekhovian of the titular characters. However, Nina, who seems to be very much derived from the character of the same name from The Seagull, was the most like a Chekhov character according to Durang. After five marriages to her contemporaries, Masha has taken up with Spike in a May–December relationship. Durang says that "Cassandra, who's a cleaning woman and soothsayer, is like the Greek-tragedy Cassandra. In some ways, she's like the nanny in Vanya, but she doesn't reflect Chekhov as much."
Principal roles and original cast
|Character||Original Broadway cast|
|Vanya||David Hyde Pierce|
The original Off-Broadway and Broadway casts featured David Hyde Pierce as Vanya, Sigourney Weaver as Masha, Billy Magnussen as Spike, Kristine Nielsen as Sonia, Genevieve Angelson as Nina and Shalita Grant as Cassandra. The play was directed by Nicholas Martin with the set designed by David Korins and costumes by Emily Rebholz. On July 28, Weaver left the cast and was replaced on July 30 by Julie White as Masha. Magnussen departed the cast on August 4 and was replaced by understudy Creed Garnick as Spike. The cast for the Mark Taper Forum production was Mark Blum, Christine Ebersole, Grant, David Hull, Nielsen and Liesel Allen Yaeger.
Producers of the original Broadway production
in association with The McCarter Theatre Center and Lincoln Center Theater.
Vanya and Sonia and Masha and Spike was commissioned by the McCarter Theatre, Princeton, New Jersey, in association with the Lincoln Center Theater. The play, which was originally a one-act play, ran at the McCarter Theatre from September 7, 2012, to October 14, 2012. When Durang later won the Tony Award for this work, he "thanked his mother as he recalled writing his first play in second grade in 1958."
The play opened Off-Broadway at Lincoln Center's Mitzi E. Newhouse Theater on November 12, 2012, after previews from October 25, and ran until January 20, 2013. The show's run at Lincoln Center was sold out. On January 29, it was announced that the show would transfer to Broadway for 17 weeks beginning March 5 with its original cast under the production of Joey Parnes, Larry Hirschhorn, and John O'Boyle, in association with McCarter Theatre and Lincoln Center Theater. It opened on Broadway on March 14, 2013, at the John Golden Theatre, after previews beginning March 5, as scheduled. The Broadway engagement, originally announced to close on June 30, was extended to July 28, 2013. On June 10 (the day after it won the Tony Award) it was announced that the play had been extended again, to August 25. On July 1, the show recouped its $2.75 million investment. The play closed on August 25, 2013, after 201 performances on Broadway.
"The house expanded with each of the play's moves, first from McCarter Theatre's proscenium stage to Newhouse Theater's thrust stage, then to the Golden Theatre's proscenium stage. The actors had to make adjustments to compensate for the changes. Nielsen and Pierce both said that the proscenium accentuated their comedic performances.
Following its Broadway run the show was scheduled to tour. It ran at Berkeley, California's Berkeley Repertory Theatre in September and October 2013 with Anthony Fusco as Vanya, Sharon Lockwood as Sonia, Lorri Holt as Masha, and Mark Junek as Spike. Hyde Pierce reunited with the show to direct the January 29 — March 9, 2014, production at Los Angeles's Mark Taper Forum by Center Theatre Group. In September/October 2013, a separate production ran in the Phoenix Theatre, Indianapolis, produced by Bryan Fonseca. In July and August 2014, it ran at the Guthrie Theater in Minneapolis under the direction of Joel Sass. The show was scheduled to be performed by the Arizona Theatre Company from September 13 – October 4, 2014 at the Temple of Music and Art in Tucson and October 9 – 26 at the Herberger Theater Center in Phoenix.
Although Vanya and Sonia and Masha and Spike is a comedy, it has some darker elements that pervade its themes. Ben Brantley of The New York Times described the play as a "sunny new play about gloomy people". Patrick Healy of The New York Times described it as a "black comedy about unhappy siblings".
According to Robin Pogrebin of The New York Times, "The play sets characters and themes from Chekhov in present day Bucks County, PA." The characters Vanya, Sonia and Masha are middle-aged siblings named after Chekhov characters. Their deceased parents were "college professors who dabbled in community theater". The character names are borrowed from Chekhov plays. Vanya is the protagonist in Uncle Vanya and Sonia is his niece. Meanwhile, Masha comes from Chekhov's Three Sisters. Other characters also embody the themes and characters from Chekhov works such as Nina from The Seagull. The play depicts a home of siblings who have quarreled their entire lives.
According to Charles Isherwood of The New York Times, not only are the character names borrowed from Chekhov, but also "The country-house setting is also borrowed from the work of that Russian master, as are the self-delusions and self-pity that plague the central characters, all of whom have reached the difficult age when life’s path has narrowed uncomfortably, and there is little point in turning around and looking to take another, more rewarding course."
Knowledge of Chekhov will increase the enjoyment of this work's in-jokes, but not as much as an understanding of Durang's absurdism, according to Theatermania.com's Brian Scott Lipton. Brantley noted that the work was suitable for any audience: "Even if you’ve never read a word of Chekhov, you’re likely to find plenty to make you laugh: Mr. Hyde Pierce’s skillfully low-key comic discomfort; Ms. Nielsen’s segues from manic eruption into glazed smiling stupor; Ms. Weaver’s game sendup of every self-loving, self-doubting movie queen there ever was." He noted the play does not compare with some of Durang's most absurd work, calling it "blander and thinner". Brantley noted that there was comfort in an evening of deliverance of Chekhov's "lost souls", by Durang. Isherwood noted that as Nielsen demonstrated her ability to lighten the play's stream of Chekhovian themes, "broad comic acting [was] raised to the level of high art." He also noted that in Durang's plays, "heartache is generally fodder for belly laughs" and that Vanya and Sonia and Masha and Spike had plenty. Lipton noted that the show was quite funny, but also belabored and "scattershot". Several reviewers agreed that the show was "a bit of a patchwork".
According the New York Post critic, Elisabeth Vincentelli, the show improved with its transfer from Off-Broadway to Broadway, especially Weaver's performance, which Vincentelli deemed the weakest. Weaver portrayed a movie star who was "overindulgent, self-centered and unaware she’s on the decline", a role that Mark Kennedy of The Washington Post suggested Durang, with whom Weaver graduated from the Yale School of Drama in 1974, may have written for her. Both Hyde Pierce and Nielsen exhibited mastery of their monologues according to Vincentelli: " Hyde Pierce is a master of the slow burn, while Nielsen’s wild-eyed Sonia often looks as if her train of thought has a loose caboose." Vincentelli also noted that Weaver's character had "turned her life into a performance."
Awards and nominations
The play received six Tony Award nominations for the 67th Tony Awards, winning the Tony Award for Best Play. Magnussen, who earned his first Tony nomination for his role, previously made his Broadway debut in The Ritz in which he played a character who also spent a lot of stage time exposed. Grant also earned her first Tony nomination. The play won the 58th Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Play and the 2013 New York Drama Critics' Circle Award for Best Play. Grant received a Theatre World Award for Best Debut Performance. Emily Rebholz earned a 2013 Lucille Lortel Award nomination for Outstanding Costume Design of the Off-Broadway production. The Off-Broadway and Original Broadway productions were jointly recognized with Drama League Award nominations for Outstanding Production of a Broadway or Off-Broadway Play and with Distinguished Performance Award nominations for both Nielsen and Pierce; the play won for Outstanding Production of a Broadway or Off-Broadway Play. The production received four Outer Critics Circle Award nominations: Outstanding New Broadway Play, Outstanding Director of a Play (Martin), Outstanding Actor in a Play (Pierce), and Outstanding Featured Actress in a Play (Nielsen), and won the awards for Outstanding New Broadway Play and Outstanding Featured Actress in a Play. The production won the 2013 Off-Broadway Alliance Award for Best New Play. The show received an Artios Award from The Casting Society of America for Outstanding Achievement in Casting, New York Broadway Theatre – Comedy.
Off-Broadway production/Original Broadway production
|2013||Lucille Lortel Award||Outstanding Costume Design||Emily Rebholz||Nominated|
|Drama League Award||Outstanding Production of a Broadway or Off-Broadway Play||Won|
|Distinguished Performance Award||Kristine Nielsen||Nominated|
|David Hyde Pierce||Nominated|
|Outer Critics Circle Award||Outstanding New Broadway Play||Won|
|Outstanding Director of a Play||Nicholas Martin||Nominated|
|Outstanding Actor in a Play||David Hyde Pierce||Nominated|
|Outstanding Featured Actress in a Play||Kristine Nielsen||Won|
|Drama Desk Award||Outstanding Play||Won|
|Best Actor in a Play||David Hyde Pierce||Nominated|
|Best Actress in a Play||Kristine Nielsen||Nominated|
|Best Featured Actor in a Play||Billy Magnussen||Nominated|
|Best Featured Actress in a Play||Shalita Grant||Nominated|
|Best Direction of a Play||Nicholas Martin||Nominated|
|New York Drama Critics' Circle Award||Best Play||Won|
|Theatre World Award||Best Debut Performance||Shalita Grant||Won|
|Off-Broadway Alliance Awards||Best New Play||Won|
|Artios Award||Outstanding Achievement in Casting
New York Broadway Theatre – Comedy
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- Vanya and Sonia and Masha and Spike at the Internet off-Broadway Database
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