Varaždin County (former)

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Varaždin County
Varaždinska županija
County of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia
12th century–1920

Coat of arms of Varaždin County

Coat of arms

Location of Varaždin County
Location of the County (yellow) within the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia (green)
Capital Varaždin
46°18′N 16°20′E / 46.300°N 16.333°E / 46.300; 16.333Coordinates: 46°18′N 16°20′E / 46.300°N 16.333°E / 46.300; 16.333
History
 -  Established 12th century
 -  Treaty of Trianon June 4 1920
Area
 -  1910 2,521 km2 (973 sq mi)
Population
 -  1910 307,010 
Density 121.8 /km2  (315.4 /sq mi)
Today part of Croatia
Old map of Varaždin County

Varaždin County (Croatian: Varaždinska županija; Hungarian: Varasd vármegye) was an administrative subdivision (županija) of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia. Croatia-Slavonia was an autonomous kingdom within the Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen (Transleithania), the Hungarian part of the dual Austro-Hungarian Empire. Its territory is now in northern Croatia. The capital of the county was Varaždin (Croatian, in Hungarian: Varasd).[1]

Geography[edit]

Varaždin County shared borders with the Austrian land Styria, the Hungarian county of Zala, and the Croatian-Slavonian county of Bjelovar-Križevci and Zagreb. The river Drava formed its northern border.[2] Its area was 2521 km² around 1910.

History[edit]

The territory of the Varaždin County was part of the Kingdom of Croatia when it entered a personal union with the Kingdom of Hungary in 1102, and with it became part of the Habsburg Monarchy in 1526.

After 1607, the position of the County's župan was hereditary, given to the Erdődy noble family.[3]

In 1918 (confirmed by the Treaty of Trianon 1920), the county became part of the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Yugoslavia). Since 1991, when Croatia became independent from Yugoslavia, the county is part of the Republic of Croatia.[4]

Demographics[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 279,448 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[5]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[6]

Total:

In 1910, the population of the county was 307,010.

Population by language (1910 census):

  • Croatian = 300,033
  • Serbian = 2,384
  • German = 1,172
  • Hungarian = 1,095

Subdivisions[edit]

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Varasd county were:

Districts
District Capital
Ivanec Ivanec
Klanjec Klanjec
Krapina Krapina
Ludbreg Ludbreg
Novi Marof Novi Marof
Pregrada Pregrada
Varasd Varaždin
Zlatar Zlatar
Urban counties
Varaždin

Notes[edit]