V. V. Giri

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Varahagiri Venkata Giri
Bharat Ratna
Varahagiri Venkata Giri.jpg
4th President of India
In office
24 August 1969 – 24 August 1974
Prime Minister Indira Gandhi
Vice President Gopal Swarup Pathak
Preceded by Mohammad Hidayatullah (Acting)
Succeeded by Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed
Acting President of India
In office
3 May 1969 – 20 July 1969
Prime Minister Indira Gandhi
Preceded by Zakir Hussain
Succeeded by Mohammad Hidayatullah (Acting)
Vice President of India
In office
13 May 1967 – 3 May 1969
President Zakir Hussain
Preceded by Zakir Hussain
Succeeded by Gopal Swarup Pathak
Governor of Karnataka
In office
2 April 1965 – 13 May 1967
Chief Minister Siddavanahalli Nijalingappa
Preceded by Satyawant Mallannah Shrinagesh
Succeeded by Gopal Swarup Pathak
Governor of Kerala
In office
1 July 1960 – 2 April 1965
Chief Minister Pattom Thanu Pillai
R. Sankar
Preceded by Burgula Ramakrishna Rao
Succeeded by Ajit Prasad Jain
Governor of Uttar Pradesh
In office
10 June 1956 – 30 June 1960
Chief Minister Sampurnanand
Preceded by Kanhaiyalal Maneklal Munshi
Succeeded by Burgula Ramakrishna Rao
Personal details
Born (1894-08-10)10 August 1894
Berhampur, Madras Presidency, British India
(now in Odisha, India)
Died 23 June 1980(1980-06-23) (aged 85)
Madras, Tamil Nadu, India
(now Chennai)
Political party Indian National Congress (1916–present)
Other political
affiliations
Sinn Féin (Before 1916)
Spouse(s) Saraswati Bai
Alma mater University College Dublin
Religion Hinduism
Signature Varahagiri Venkatagiri Signature in English

Varahagiri Venkata Giri (About this sound pronunciation ; 10 August 1894 – 23 June 1980), commonly known as V. V. Giri, was the fourth President of the Republic of India from 24 August 1969 to 23 August 1974. He also served as Acting President of India from 3 May 1969 to 20 July 1969, before getting elected.

Early life[edit]

He was born to Varahagiri Venkata Jogaiah in a Niyogi Telugu Brahmin family,[1] residing in Brahmapur (Berhampur) in the Ganjam district of Odisha. His father, Jogiah Pantulu,[2] was an eminent lawyer and migrated to Brahmapur from Chintalapalli village, now part of East Godavari District - Andhra Pradesh State.

In 1913, he went to University College Dublin to study law. There, he joined the Sinn Féin movement, and was a friend of Éamon de Valera, as a result of which he was expelled from Ireland in 1918.[3]

Career[edit]

Postal Stamp issued by the Govt. of India honoring V.V.Giri

Upon returning to India, he became heavily involved in the labour movement, becoming general secretary and then president of the All-India Railwaymen's Federation and twice serving as president of the All-India Trade Union Congress.

Giri became a member of the Imperial Legislative Assembly in 1934.[4]

In the 1936 General Election in Madras, Giri was put up as the Congress candidate in Bobbili against the Raja of Bobbili and he won that election. He became minister of labour and industries in 1937 for the Congress Party government formed by C. Rajagopalachari in the Madras Presidency. When the Congress governments resigned in 1942, he returned to the labour movement as part of the quit India movement and was imprisoned by the British. He was lodged in Rajahmundry jail.

After India gained independence, he was first appointed high commissioner to Ceylon and then successfully ran for parliament in 1952. He was elected for 1st Lok Sabha from Pathapatnam Lok Sabha Constituency[5] and served as minister of labour until resigning in 1954.

The Indian Society of Labour Economics (ISLE) was founded in 1957 by a distinguished group of academicians and public men engaged in promoting the study of labour and industrial relations. The team was headed by Shri Giri.

He served successfully as governor of Uttar Pradesh (1956–1960), Kerala (1960–1965) and Karnataka (1965–1967).[2]

He was elected as the third Vice President of India in 1967. Giri became Acting President of India in May 1969 upon the death in office of President Zakir Hussain. The official Congress candidate for the presidential election of 1969 was Neelam Sanjiva Reddy. However, Giri filed his papers as an independent candidate and enjoyed the tacit support of the Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi. A third candidate in that election was C D Deshmukh who was supported by right wing opposition parties. In a closely contested election, none of the candidates won an outright majority of the preferential votes. On counting the second preferential votes, Giri emerged the winner.[6] He was sworn in on 28 August 1969 and held office till 28 August 1974.[7]

As President of India Giri led 14 state visits to countries in South and South East Asia, the Soviet bloc and Africa.[8]

He received India's highest civilian decoration, the Bharat Ratna, in 1975.[9]

He was a prolific writer and a good orator. He has written books on 'Industrial Relations' and 'Labour problems in Indian Industry'.

His daughter-in-law V. Mohini Giri, is a social activist and a Padma Bhushan awardee.[10]

Honours[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Luminaries of 20th century, Potti Sreeramulu Telugu University, Hyderabad, 2nd volume, pages 680-1.
  2. ^ a b c President of India
  3. ^ "Actin as President", Himmat, 1969
  4. ^ Narasingha P. Sil, Giri, Varahagiri Venkata (1894–1980), trade unionist and president of India in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2004)
  5. ^ List of members of 1st Lok Sabha
  6. ^ Hardgrave, Jr, Robert L. (2000). India: Government and Politics in a Developing Nation. Boston: Thomson Wadsworth. p. 70. 
  7. ^ Chaurasia, Radhey Shyam (2002). History of Modern India: 1707 A.D. to Up to 2000 A.D.. New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers. p. 301. 
  8. ^ "DETAILS OF MEDIA PERSONS ACCOMPANYING THE PRESIDENT IN HIS/HER VISITS ABROAD SINCE 1947 TO 2012". The President's Secretariat. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  9. ^ "Padma Awards Directory (1954-2007)". Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 7 December 2010. 
  10. ^ "V. Mohini Giri Profile". Guild for Service. Retrieved 2014-02-11. 
  11. ^ Badraie
  12. ^ Final Programmes for The Coronation and The Silver Jubilee Celebration
Political offices
Preceded by
Kanhaiyalal Maneklal Munshi
Governor of Uttar Pradesh
1957–1960
Succeeded by
Burgula Ramakrishna Rao
Preceded by
Burgula Ramakrishna Rao
Governor of Kerala
1960–1965
Succeeded by
Ajit Prasad Jain
Preceded by
Satyawant Mallannah Shrinagesh
Governor of Karnataka
1965–1967
Succeeded by
Gopal Swarup Pathak
Preceded by
Zakir Hussain
Vice President of India
1967–1969
President of India
Acting

1969
Succeeded by
Mohammad Hidayatullah
Acting
Preceded by
Mohammad Hidayatullah
Acting
President of India
1969–1974
Succeeded by
Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed