Varamin

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For the administrative subdivision, see Varamin County. For the village in Kerman Province, see Varamin, Kerman.
"Varna, Iran" redirects here. For the village named Varna in Isfahan Province, see Varna, Isfahan.
Varamin
ورامين
city
Masjed-i Varamin, a mosque built in the 1320s, is a construction of the Ilkhanid era. Picture taken in 1933 by Robert Byron
Masjed-i Varamin, a mosque built in the 1320s, is a construction of the Ilkhanid era. Picture taken in 1933 by Robert Byron
Varamin is located in Iran
Varamin
Varamin
Coordinates: 35°19′27″N 51°38′45″E / 35.32417°N 51.64583°E / 35.32417; 51.64583Coordinates: 35°19′27″N 51°38′45″E / 35.32417°N 51.64583°E / 35.32417; 51.64583
Country  Iran
Province Tehran
County Varamin
Bakhsh Central
Population (2006)
 • Total 208,569
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Area code(s) 021 and 0291 previously

Varamin (Persian: ورامين‎, also Romanized as Varāmīn and Verāmin; anciently known as Varna and Varena)[1] is a city in and the capital of Varamin County, Tehran Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 208,569, in 53,639 families.[2]

History[edit]

Varamin is believed to be the ancient city of Varena, which is mentioned in Avesta.

The fourteenth of the good lands and countries which I, Ahura Mazda, created, was the four-cornered Varena, for which was born Thraetaona, who smote Azi Dahaka.

—Vendidad, Avesta

The huge four-cornered Citadel near the city is known as Citadel of Īraj by locals, Īraj was son of Thraetaona and that improves the city's relation to the ancient Varena.[3][4]

The Four-cornered Citadel of Varamin as seen by Jane Dieulafoy

Varamin has an extensive history. The raiding of Ray by the invading Mongols and Timurids, generated a flux of migrations to this area.

Included amongst the significant antiquities of Varamin are the mausoleum of Imamzadeh Yahya built in the 14th century, and the Jameh Mosque of Varamin, from the era of the Ilkhanid Abu Saeed.

Industries[edit]

Sugar Refinery Factory[edit]

The Sugar Refinery Factory

Varamin Sugar Refinery Factory was built in 1934-1935 by Nikolai Markov and is the very first Sugar Refinery Factory in Iran and Middle East. In recent years it's produce has been reduced because of shortage in ingredients.,[5][6]

Oil-extracting factory[edit]

Varamin Oil-extracting factory was built in 1938-1939 and is the first producer of Vegetable oil in Iran.[7]

Handcrafts[edit]

Carpets and Rugs[edit]

For more information see: Varamin Carpet

Carpets and Rugs of Varamin are among most famous carpets in the world. Many Rug and Carpet experts see Varamins as purer Persian Carpets.,[8] They have geometric patterns with repeated medallions, especially on runners. They are made by tribal people who either live in or pass by Varamin.

Colleges and universities[edit]

Islamic Azad University[edit]

Islamic Azad University Varamin-Pishva Branch was established in 1985. this Branch has more 86 different majors and capacity of 15000 students.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Varamin can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3088133" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11. 
  3. ^ http://www.chnpress.com/news/?section=1&id=1613
  4. ^ http://www.avesta.org/vendidad/vd1sbe.htm
  5. ^ (Persian) "قديمي ترين کارخانه قند ايران تعطيل شد.". www.parsine.com. 
  6. ^ (Persian) "یادگارهای جناب نیکلای". www.tebyan.net. 
  7. ^ (Persian) "روغنکشی شماره ی یک ورامین". www.khoec.com. 
  8. ^ (English) "Varamin carpets in Little Persia". www.little-persia.com. 
  9. ^ http://iauvaramin.ac.ir/fa/?page_id=227

External links[edit]

  • Photographs of monuments in a near Varāmin (these photographs are available on flickr):
— Part of the exterior of Masjed-e Jāme'eh Varāmin: (1).
— The interior of Masjed-e Jāme'eh Varāmin: (1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6).
Mil Hill (Tappe-ye Mil) near Varāmin: (1), (2).
— The exterior of the Shah-Abbasi Caravanserai, South on Varāmin: (1)-(5).
— The interiour of the Shah-Abbasi Caravanserai: (1).
— Views of a traditional abandoned house in Varāmin: (1), (2), (3), (4).