Varied sittella

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Varied sittella
Daphoenositta chrysoptera.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Neosittidae
Genus: Daphoenositta
Species: D. chrysoptera
Binomial name
Daphoenositta chrysoptera
(Latham, 1802)
Synonyms

Neositta chrysoptera

The varied sittella (Daphoenositta chrysoptera) is a small, around 10–11 cm long, songbird native to Australia and New Guinea. It is also known as the Australian nuthatch, orange-winged sittella and the barkpecker. Its crown and head can be white, grey or black, and its body is either whitish or grey often streaked with black and grey. Its wings are black, with a broad bar in either white or cinnamon. The iris is dark orange, and the eye-ring legs and feet are orange-yellow. The beak is orange with a black tip that can extend as far as the base. Colouration completely depends on the subspecies, and certain subspecies are known to hybridize. In the future some subspecies may become species in their own right.

Behaviour[edit]

Flocks of these birds forage in trees of all heights, often descending down the trunks in a rather nuthatch-like fashion. Calls are short and rather high-pitched.

Subspecies[edit]

This species inhabits a broad range, and its appearance changes depending on its location hence the name "varied" sittella. The Australian subspecies are chrysoptera (orange-winged sitella), pileata (black-capped sitella), striata (streaked sitella), leucocephala (white-headed sitella) and leucoptera (white-winged sitella). The New Guinea subspecies are papuensis (Papuan or New Guinea sitella), sometimes given specific status alba (white sitella), intermedia (intermediate sitella) and albifrons (white-fronted sitella)

Naming[edit]

Sitta is a word taken from nuthatches. The origin of it is unknown. Chryso is Latin for "golden", Ptera for "wing" referring to the distinctive patch of colour in the dark wings.

Laceys Creek, SE Queensland

References[edit]

External links[edit]