Varna Airport

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Varna Airport Aksakovo
Летище Варна Аксаково
Varna Airport new terminal.jpg
VAR is located in Bulgaria
Location of airport in Bulgaria
Airport type Public
Operator Fraport Twin Star Airport Management
Serves Varna Bulgaria
Location Varna, Bulgaria
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 70 m / 230 ft
Coordinates 43°13′55″N 27°49′30″E / 43.23194°N 27.82500°E / 43.23194; 27.82500Coordinates: 43°13′55″N 27°49′30″E / 43.23194°N 27.82500°E / 43.23194; 27.82500
Direction Length Surface
m ft
09/27 2,517 8,258 Asphalt
Statistics (2013)
Passengers 1,303,679 Increase

Varna Airport (Bulgarian: Летище Варна, Letishte Varna) (IATA: VARICAO: LBWN) is the airport of Varna, the historical maritime capital of Bulgaria. Varna Airport is the third largest airport in Bulgaria. The airport is located 10 kilometers from the center of Varna near the town of Aksakovo.

In 2013, the airport handled 1,303,679 passengers, a 7.6% increase compared to 1,211,196 handled in 2012.


The history of the airport dates back to 1916 when two sheds for the first hydro-port in Bulgaria were built in the Peinerdzhik area (present-day Chaika residential area). Irregular mail-plane service from Sofia to Varna was held between 1919 and 1920 and it was not until 1947 that a permanent airline between the two cities was established. What had grown into Tihina Airport was situated west of the present-day Asparuhov bridge and was indeed quite primitive for the demands of a modern city. Thus in 1946 a decision was made and a new airport was constructed several kilometres west of the city, near the village (now town) of Aksakovo, with local people enthusiastically working on the site together with the constructors. Construction and improvement continued throughout the years, with a new terminal erected in 1972 and a new runway in 1974.

There are domestic and international flights to about 70 destinations in 25 countries, with Bulgarian and foreign airlines. The airport is close to the Port of Varna and the railway system. The airport has one concrete pavement runway 09/27 with ILS CAT I system on 09 edge and a parking apron for 24 aircraft.

Future plans and expansion[edit]

Currently, Varna Airport is subject to heavy traffic with the growing tourism industry in Bulgaria and is in need of major investments to modernize, expand and handle projected passenger traffic. In June 2006 the Bulgarian Government awarded Fraport AG Frankfurt Airport Services Worldwide a 35-year long concession on both Varna and Burgas airports in return for investments exceeding €500 million, including a new passenger terminal by 2008.

From 15 October 2011 until 28 February 2012, Varna airport was closed for a reconstruction of the runway. All flights were operated on Bourgas Airport.[1]


The airport has three terminals: Terminal 1, built in 1972, and Terminal 3 (opened in June 2007), which was used during the summer season and the new Terminal 2, opened in August 2013.

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1 /closed/ at Varna Airport was built in 1972, and has been extended several times over the years. The departures area had 21 check-in counters and six security checkpoints. In the terminal there were various outlets: cafes, fast food restaurants, currency exchange, and duty-free shops. There were ten boarding gates. The arrivals area had two luggage belts, as well as currency exchange and a tax-free shop. Terminal 1 has a VIP room and business lounge. In 2010 the VIP room at Varna Airport was renovated. As of 2014, all flights, including no-frills are managed by Terminal 2. Hence, the old terminal is closed except the VIP area.

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2 started operations as of 18 August 2013. In December 2011 the construction work on new Terminal 2 began. The new terminal has a capacity of 1,800,000 passengers and 25 check-in desks. It covers an area of 18,000m2. The new terminal buildings are designed so that their capacity could be further increased as an extension to the existing architectural part. The first passenger service was a domestic flight to Sofia operated by national carrier Bulgaria Air and first international passengers served were from Minsk with flight of Belavia.

The terminal was designed by London based architecture firm Pascall+Watson.

Passengers can enjoy a large variety of retail outlets including a Bulgarian souvenir shop. Popular chains such as McDonald's, Costa coffee and beer outlet are available at the gate area right after check-in.

Varna Airport new terminal.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

BH Air Airbus A320 at Varna Airport

There are domestic and international flights to about 75 destinations in 29 countries, more than 65 Bulgarian and foreign airlines. The busiest season for the airport is from the end of May to the beginning of October.

Scheduled flights[edit]

Airlines Destinations
operated by Rossiya
Seasonal: Saint Petersburg
airBaltic Seasonal: Riga
Air Serbia Seasonal: Belgrade [2][dead link]
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Seasonal: Burgas, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Saint Petersburg
Edelweiss Air Seasonal: Zürich [3]
Edelweiss Air operated by
Swiss International Air Lines
Seasonal: Zürich [4]
Luxair Seasonal: Luxembourg
Norwegian Air Shuttle Seasonal: Oslo-Gardermoen
S7 Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo
Seasonal: Novosibirsk
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Ural Airlines Seasonal: Yekaterinburg
Wizz Air London-Luton

Seasonal Charter flights[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air Berlin Düsseldorf, Hannover
Air VIA Berlin-Schönefeld, Cologne/Bonn, Dresden, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hannover, Leipzig/Halle, Munich, Nuremberg, Paderborn/Lippstadt, Prague, Stuttgart
Belavia Minsk-National [3]
BH Air Beirut, Billund, London-Gatwick, Manchester, Zürich
Bulgaria Air Bari, Beirut, Kuwait, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Samara, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Yerevan
Bulgarian Air Charter Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin-Schönefeld, Berlin-Tegel, Bratislava, Cologne/Bonn, Dresden, Düsseldorf, Erfurt, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hannover, Katowice, Kuwait, Leipzig/Halle, Munich, Munster/Osnabruck, Nuremberg, Stuttgart, Tallinn, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Vienna, Warsaw-Chopin, Wroclaw, Yerevan, Zürich
Enter Air Gdańsk, Katowice, Poznań, Warsaw-Chopin [5]
Finnair Helsinki [3]
Germania Bremen, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Rostock/Laage
Germanwings Cologne/Bonn [3]
I-Fly Moscow-Vnukovo [3]
Iran Aseman Airlines Tehran-Imam Khomeini
Israir Airlines Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Jetairfly Brussels [3]
LOT Charters Katowice
Mahan Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini [3]
Malmö Aviation Aalborg, Billund, Copenhagen, Odense [3]
MetroJet Moscow-Domodedovo [3]
NordStar Moscow-Domodedovo, Saint Petersburg
Orenair Moscow-Domodedovo, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Omsk, Orenburg, Saint Petersburg
Pegas Airlines Surgut
Primera Air Billund, Copenhagen
Qeshm Airlines Tehran-Imam Khomeini
Scandinavian Airlines Helsinki [3]
Small Planet Airlines Vilnius [3]
Small Planet Airlines Poland Katowice, Warsaw-Chopin
SmartLynx Airlines Riga
SmartLynx Airlines Estonia Tallinn [3]
Thomas Cook Airlines Belgium Brussels
Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia Bergen, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Helsinki, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stavanger, Stockholm-Arlanda, Trondheim
Transaero Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Saint Petersburg France Paris-Orly
Travel Service Airlines Prague [3]
Travel Service Poland Poznań, Warsaw-Chopin, Wroclaw
Travel Service Slovakia Bratislava [3]
Ural Airlines Perm
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Borispyl
Windrose Airlines Kiev-Borispyl
Yamal Airlines Moscow-Domodedovo, Saint Petersburg [3]

Destinations map[edit]

The map include only scheduled destinations served by Varna Airpot.

Traffic figures[edit]

Traffic at Varna Airport
Ground handling
Varna Airport Passenger Traffic Statistics
Year Domestic Change International Change Total Change
1998 35,208 238,470 273,678
1999 57,955 Increase 64.6% 453,864 Increase 90.3% 511,819 Increase 87%
2000 67,508 Increase 16.5% 624,181 Increase 37.5% 691,689 Increase 35.1%
2001 48,121 Decrease 28.7% 884,428 Increase 41.7% 932,549 Increase 34.8%
2002 45,457 Decrease 5.5% 1,045,252 Increase 12.1% 1,090,709 Increase 16.9%
2003 41,583 Decrease 8.5% 1,144,766 Increase 9.5% 1,186,349 Increase 8.8%
2004 47,575 Increase 14.4% 1,271,552 Increase 11.1% 1,319,127 Increase 11.2%
2005 49,705 Increase 4.5% 1,496,175 Increase 17.7% 1,546,925 Increase 17.3%
2006 54,243 Increase 9.1% 1,468,415 Decrease 1.8% 1,522,658 Decrease 1.6%
2007 79,058 Increase 45.7% 1,399,035 Decrease 4.7% 1,478,093 Decrease 2.9%
2008 119,459 Increase 51.1% 1,313,244 Decrease 6.1% 1,432,703 Decrease 3.1%
2009 155,734 Increase 30.4% 1,050,801 Decrease 20% 1,206,535 Decrease 15.8%
2010 154,974 Decrease 0.5% 1,043,982 Decrease 0.6% 1,198,956 Decrease 0.6%
2011 117,431 Decrease 24.2% 1,046,453 Increase 0.2% 1,163,884[6] Decrease 2.9%
2012 126,952 Increase 8.1% 1,084,244 Increase 3.6% 1,211,196 Increase 4.1%
2013 130,668 Increase 2.9% 1,173,011 Increase 8.1% 1,303,679 Increase 7.6%
2014 (01.01 - 31.07) Increase Increase 749.193 Increase 5,3%

Transport links[edit]


The Airport Bus stop to Varna and nearby resorts is located just outside Terminal 2.

Line № 409 Route: Varna Airport – Mall Varna– Varna Coach Station for Grand Mall – City Center (the Cathedral) – Saints Constantine and Helena, Bulgaria and Golden Sands Resort[7]


The taxi piazza are located in front of Terminal 1 "Departures". A taxi ride from Varna Airport to the city center takes approx 15 minutes, depending on the traffic intensity and will cost around 7–15 Leva. Varna Airport has contract for taxi services with the so-called "OK Taxi"". However in the past some travelers have been charged far more.


The parking of Varna Airport is located front of Terminal 1. The car parking is accessible 24 hours a day.[8]

Incidents and accidents[edit]

On 24 May 2013, Air VIA flight 502 from Leipzig to Varna overshot the runway at Varna Airport after touchdown. Two people onboard were injured during evacuation.[9][10]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]