Varronianus (son of Jovian)

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Varronianus (fl. 363 – 380) was the son of the emperor Jovian.

Biography[edit]

Varronianus was the first of two sons born to the emperor Jovian and Charito. Upon his father’s accession to the imperial throne, Varronianus was given the title of Nobilissimus, and in AD 364, he was appointed consul alongside his father at Ancyra.[1][2] As he was still an infant when his father died in 364, he was overlooked for the succession, and Valentinian I was elected instead.

It is possible that Varronianus was the young man referred to by John Chrysostom in two of his letters and homilies ("Homilies on Philippians" and "Letter to a Young Widow"). If so, it appears that Varronianus was still alive in AD 380, but was living in fear of his life, due to his imperial descent. At some point, he had one of his eyes removed, probably in an attempt to prevent him from making a claim to the throne.[3][4]

Sources[edit]

  • Martindale, J. R.; Jones, A. H. M, The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, Vol. I AD 260-395, Cambridge University Press (1971)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Martindale & Jones, pg. 946
  2. ^ Graham, Mark W., News And Frontier Consciousness in the Late Roman Empire (2006), pg. 110
  3. ^ Scott McGill, Cristiana Sogno, Edward Watts, From the Tetrarchs to the Theodosians: Later Roman History and Culture, 284-450 CE (2010), pg. 245
  4. ^ Edward Gibbon , "The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire", vol. 2, chapter 25
Political offices
Preceded by
Flavius Claudius Julianus Augustus IV,
Sallustius
Consul of the Roman Empire
364
with Flavius Jovianus Augustus
Succeeded by
Flavius Valentinianus Augustus,
Flavius Julius Valens Augustus