The definition of varsity differs depending on the region.
Varsity in the United Kingdom
In the United Kingdom, varsity team refers to groups participating in varsity matches in sport or other competitions between rival universities, most famously King's College London vs University College London, as well as the Oxford University vs. Cambridge University. The term originally referred strictly to university-sponsored teams (the word being a shortened variant of "university"), and dates from the 1840s.
Varsity in North America
In the United States and Canada varsity teams are the principal athletic teams representing a college, university, high school, or other secondary school. In Canada the term "Varsity" is rarely used amongst High School teams. Such teams compete against similar teams at corresponding educational institutions. Groups of varsity sports teams are often organized into athletic conferences, which are groups of teams that regularly play each other during a given athletic season. In recognition of their high level of performance, athletes on varsity teams are often given varsity letters. They are in contrast to the institution's club sports. A major difference between varsity and club sports is the source for allocated funds. Varsity teams receive financial support, equipment, and facilities from college and university athletic department budgets. Universities often allocate club sport budgets through student life departments similar to other clubs on campus. Because club sports cost more than other clubs, many club student-athletes must pay to play and also engage in team fundraising efforts to pay for facilities time, equipment, and other team expenses. At various levels of collegiate sports, varsity student athletes are eligible for scholarships solely or partially based on athletic skills.
Junior varsity players may be able to go up a level to varsity playing by performing well.
- "Defination of 'varsity'". Dictionary.com. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
- "UNB cuts teams eligible for varsity athletics funding". Canadian Broadcasting Company. March 14, 2008. Retrieved May 3, 2012.
- Van Zytveld, Jon (Oct 26, 2011). "Club Sports Offer Athletic Opportunities". Grand Valley Lanthorn. Retrieved May 3, 2012.
- "Illinois Athletic Development". University of Illinois. Retrieved May 3, 2012.