Vartry Reservoir

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Vartry Reservoir
Taiscumar Fheartraí
Vartry Reservoir.jpg
Roundwood Lakes
Location County Wicklow
Coordinates 53°03′N 6°12′W / 53.050°N 6.200°W / 53.050; -6.200Coordinates: 53°03′N 6°12′W / 53.050°N 6.200°W / 53.050; -6.200
Type reservoir
Primary outflows River Vartry
Basin countries Ireland

Vartry Reservoir (Irish: Taiscumar Fheartraí) is a reservoir at Roundwood in County Wicklow, Ireland. The water is piped from Vartry to a large open service reservoir in Stillorgan in the southern suburbs of Dublin. The reservoir is operated by Dublin City Council.[1]

The original (lower) reservoir was completed in 1863, and has a capacity of 11.3 billion litres and a maximum depth of 18.3 metres. A second embankment, 3.5 km upstream, was completed in 1923 to form the upper reservoir. This has a capacity of 5.6 billion litres and a maximum depth of 13.4 metres.[1]

History[edit]

Vartry waterworks, downstream of dam
The R765 road along top of dam/embankment

The Vartry Reservoir scheme involved the partial redirection and damming of the Vartry river, the building of a series of water piping and filtering systems (and related public works) to carry fresh water to the city.[2]

Between 1862 and 1868 the lower reservoir was formed by constructing an earthen dam across the valley of the River Vartry after a Dublin Water Works Committee was established to develop a new water supply to Dublin and suburbs.[3] The committee was chaired by Dr. John Gray who actively promoted what would become the "Vartry scheme".[4] The scheme was formally opened on June 30, 1863.

This work was particularly important in the improvement of living conditions and public health in Dublin city.[4] It improved sanitation and helped reduce outbreaks of cholera, typhus and other diseases associated with contaminated water.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Image of Dublin City Council sign at the reservoir
  2. ^ ENFO - Ireland's public service department with responsibility for environmental publications - Article on Dublin's Water Supply
  3. ^ Norwood, John (1872/1973). On the Working of the Sanitary Laws in Dublin, with Suggestions for their Amendment. Vol. VI, Part XLIII. Dublin: Journal of the Statistical and Social Inquiry Society of Ireland. pp. 230–242.  [1] [2]
  4. ^ a b Glasnevin-Cemetery.ie - Entry on Sir John Gray