|Minister of Economy and Finance|
4 April 2007 – 22 December 2008
|Prime Minister||Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu|
|Succeeded by||Adriean Videanu (Economy)
Gheorghe Pogea (Finance)
|Minister of Economy and Commerce|
2 January 2007 – 4 April 2007
|Prime Minister||Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu|
|Preceded by||Codruţ Şereş|
|Succeeded by||Ministry merged with the Ministry of Public Finance to form the current Minister of Economy and Finance|
|Born||25 July 1958
|Political party||National Liberal Party|
|Armenians' Union of Romania
Uniunea Forţelor de Dreapta
Varujan Vosganian (Romanian pronunciation: [varuˈʒan vosɡaniˈan]; born 25 July 1958) is a Romanian politician, economist, essayist and poet. A member of the National Liberal Party, Vosganian was Romania's Minister of Economy and Commerce in the Tăriceanu cabinet.
Born in Craiova to a family of Armenian ethnicity, Vosganian studied at the Alexandru Ioan Cuza High School in Focşani. He then studied Commerce at the Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies (graduated 1982) and Mathematics at the University of Bucharest (graduated 1991), gaining a Ph.D. in economics in 1998.
In 1990, he became president of the Armenians' Union of Romania and he was twice (1990-1992 and 1992-1996) elected a member of the Chamber of Deputies, and twice a Senator (1996-2000 and 2004-2008), on the lists of the National Liberal Party.
Vosganian has written several books, especially on economics and politics, but also fiction and poetry. He is a member of the Romanian Writers' Union, and since 2005, he has served as its vice president. Vosganian is also a leading member of the Romanian Humorists' Association.
In October 2006, he was nominated to be a member of the European Commission after Romania joined the EU on 1 January 2007. After his nomination, some Romanian newspapers claimed that he was a Securitate informer, but the charges were disproved within days and the National Council for Studying the Securitate's Archives (CNSAS) announced that he did not collaborate with the Securitate. Vosganian intends to sue the newspaper.
Moreover, leading EU Socialists claimed he had no "European profile" and was "on the payroll of big economic tycoons". As a consequence, Vosganian decided to retract his candidature on 28 October.
In December 2006, he was named Minister of Economy and commerce.
Even though he is a member of the National Liberal Party, and is a supporter of economic liberalism, Vosganian's political views can be characterised as right-wing conservative. The party which he led until 2003, the Uniunea Forţelor de Dreapta, was described as having an "extremist background" by Liliana Ruse, a journalist at the Gândul newspaper, particularly for making statements against the Roma minority. Vosganian is also a member of the Rost Association, a Christian right-wing organisation, where he publishes articles in the Rost Magazine.
Vosganian is a significant supporter of the movement for unification of Romania and Moldova, believing that as long as the two countries (Romania and the Republic of Moldova) remain separate, "the Romanian people will be the last people to bear the shame of being divided by an artificial frontier." He has also described himself as an "incurable unionist". In fact, in 1996, he provoked controversy when stating that he does not recognise the Republic of Moldova as an independent state.
- Şamanul albastru: poezii. Bucharest: Editura Ararat, 1994. ISBN 973-96682-1-6
- Statuia comandorului proze. Bucharest: Editura Ararat, 1994. ISBN 973-96682-3-2
- Jurnal de front articole economice. Bucharest: Editura Staff, 1994. ISBN 973-96111-9-2
- Ochiul cel alb al Reginei (The Queen's vacant gaze). Bucharest: Cartea Românească, 2001. ISBN 973-23-0962-8
- (Romanian) Personal file at the National Liberal Party website
- (Romanian) CV at Varujan Vosganian's site
- (Romanian) "Varujan Vosganian, comisar european", in Evenimentul Zilei, 25 October 2006
- "Vosganian a fost informator al Securităţii" ("Vosganian Was a Securitate Informer"), Jurnalul Naţional, 27 October 2006.
- EUobserver.com "Romanian nominee for EU commission job sparks questions"
- Romanian nominee withdraws candidacy for EU Commission, International Herald Tribune, 28 October 2006
- "Varujan Vosganian, validat ministru cu o majoritate zdrobitoare", Adevărul, 13 December 2006
- (Romanian) Vosganian a dat explicaţii lui Barroso despre legăturile cu Vântu şi trecutul său politic extremist în UFD (Vosganian gave Barroso explanations about his links with Vântu and his extremist political past with the UFD), Gândul, 28 October 2005
- Şedinţa Senatului din 10 aprilie 2006, (Senate meeting of 10 April 2006), Senate of Romania