Varzuga (rural locality)

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Varzuga (English)
Варзуга (Russian)
-  Rural locality[1]  -
View of Varzuga
Map of Russia - Murmansk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Murmansk Oblast in Russia
Varzuga is located in Murmansk Oblast
Location of Varzuga in Murmansk Oblast
Coordinates: 66°23′57″N 36°35′32″E / 66.39917°N 36.59222°E / 66.39917; 36.59222Coordinates: 66°23′57″N 36°35′32″E / 66.39917°N 36.59222°E / 66.39917; 36.59222
Administrative status (as of 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Murmansk Oblast[1]
Administrative district Tersky District[1]
Municipal status (as of December 2004)
Municipal district Tersky Municipal District[2]
Rural settlement Varzuga Rural Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Varzuga Rural Settlement[2]
Population (2010 Census) 363 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
First mentioned 1466[5]
Postal code(s)[6] 184712
Varzuga on WikiCommons

Varzuga (Russian: Варзуга) is the rural locality (a selo) in Tersky District of Murmansk Oblast, Russia,[1] located on the Varzuga River. Municipally, it is a part and the administrative center of Varzuga Rural Settlement of Tersky Municipal District.[2] Population: 363 (2010 Census).[3]


First mentioned in 1466, Varzuga, along with Umba, is the first documented permanent Russian settlement on the Kola Peninsula,[5] although it is likely that it had been established as early as the second quarter of the 15th century.[7] The 1466 document describes a transaction between Timofey Yermolinich, a resident of Varzuga, and the Solovetsky Monastery, to which he transferred his lands along the Varzuga River and the hunting grounds along the sea coast.[7] Other documents of the 1460s indicate that the residents of Varzuga were the second generation of the original Russian settlers.[7] The documents refer to the residents' land plots as otchinas, meaning that they were inherited from the fathers, but there is no mention of dedinas (lands inherited from the grandfathers).[7]

From the second half of the 15th century, it served as the seat of Varzuzhskaya Volost (which was abolished in 1841).

By 1563, Varzuga's population grew to 124 homesteads, who were primarily salmon fishers.[8] In the mid-17th century, some of the residents moved out to the coast, where they founded new villages, such as Kuzomen and Tetrino.[8]

In 1861, Varzuga was a part of Kemsky Uyezd of Arkhangelsk Governorate.[9] It had three Orthodox churches and housed its own rural government.[9] The population was 249 (120 male and 129 female); living in 54 homesteads.[9] The 1897 Census counted 793 residents, and the population grew further. By 1910, there were 1,001 people living in 161 homesteads.[8] Educational facilities at the time included a government college and a parochial school.[8]


An 1850 Pomor izba located in the village was formerly considered to be a heritage site of federal importance, but was excluded from the list in 1997.[10]

Village panorama


  1. ^ a b c d e Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 47 220 000 004», в ред. изменения №234/2013 от 1 января 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 47 220 000 004, as amended by the Amendment #234/2013 of January 1, 2014. ).
  2. ^ a b c d Law #545-01-ZMO
  3. ^ a b Федеральная служба государственной статистики. Территориальный орган федеральной службы государственной статистики по Мурманской области (Мурманскстат) (Federal State Statistics Service. Territorial Branch of the Federal Statistics Service in Murmansk Oblast (Murmanskstat)) (2012). "2010. Статистический сборник "Численность, размещение и возрастно-половой состав населения Мурманской области. Итоги Всероссийской переписи населения". Том 1." [2010 Statistical Digest "Size, Distribution, and the Age and Gender Characteristics of the Population of Murmansk Oblast. Results of the All-Russian Population Census] (in Russian) 1. Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved September 10, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b Administrative-Territorial Divisions of Murmansk Oblast, p. 18
  6. ^ Russian Post. Varzuga (Russian)
  7. ^ a b c d Газета "Мурманский Вестник". Иван Ушаков. Варзуга
  8. ^ a b c d Газета "Терский Берег", №37, 14 сентября 2002 г. "Селения Терского берега"
  9. ^ a b c Центральный статистический комитетъ Министерства внутреннихъ делъ (1861). Списки населённыхъ мѣстъ Россiйской Имперiи. Санктпетербургъ. p. 23. 
  10. ^ Decree #452, Appendix 2


  • Архивный отдел Администрации Мурманской области. Государственный Архив Мурманской области. (1995). Административно-территориальное деление Мурманской области (1920–1993 гг.). Справочник. Мурманск: Мурманское издательско-полиграфическое предприятие "Север". 
  • Мурманская областная Дума. Закон №545-01-ЗМО от 8 декабря 2004 г. «О статусе, наименованиях и составе территорий муниципального образования Терский район и муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав». Вступил в силу 1 января 2005 г. Опубликован: "Мурманский Вестник", №238, стр. 3, 15 декабря 2004 г. (Murmansk Oblast Duma. Law #545-01-ZMO of December 8, 2004 On the Status, Names, and Composition of the Territories of the Municipal Formation of Tersky District and of the Municipal Formations It Comprises. Effective as of January 1, 2005.).
  • Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №452 от 5 мая 1997 г. «Об уточнении состава объектов исторического и культурного наследия федерального (общероссийского) значения». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская газета", №93-94, 15 мая 1997 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #452 of May 5, 1997 On the Updating of the List of Objects of Historical and Cultural Heritage of the Federal (All-Russian) Importance. Effective as of after 7 days after the official publication date.).

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