Vasai-Virar

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Vasai-Virar
tehsil
Vasai-Virar is located in Maharashtra
Vasai-Virar
Vasai-Virar
Coordinates: 19°28′N 72°48′E / 19.47°N 72.8°E / 19.47; 72.8Coordinates: 19°28′N 72°48′E / 19.47°N 72.8°E / 19.47; 72.8
Country India India
State Maharashtra
District Palghar
Area
 • Total 380 km2 (150 sq mi)
Elevation 11 m (36 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 1,221,233
 • Density 3,200/km2 (8,300/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 401- XXX
Telephone code 0250-XXX XXXX
Vehicle registration MH-04, MH-48
Sex ratio 880 /

Vasai-Virar is a city and tehsil (subdistrict) in Maharashtra state in western India, comprising the most populated part of Palghar district. It is a suburb of Mumbai. According to the 2011 census, it is the fifth largest city in Maharashtra.[2] It is located in Palghar district, 50 km north of Mumbai. The city is located on the north bank of Vasai Creek, part of the estuary of the Ulhas River. Vasai-Virar City Municipal Corporation (VVMC) covers the tehsil.

Vasai-Virar is an agglomeration of several, formerly separate, towns. The area covered by the city roughly corresponds to the ancient city of Sopara.

Climate[edit]

Vasai-Virar has a tropical wet and dry climate (Köppen: Aw). This moderate climate consists of high rainfall days and very few days of extreme temperatures. 80% of total rainfall occurs between June and October. Annual rainfall averages at 2,000–2,500 mm (79–98 in) and humidity is 61—86%, making it a humid-prehumid[clarification needed] zone. The driest days are in winter, while the wettest days occur in July.

Climate data for Vasai-Virar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.5
(83.3)
29
(84)
31
(88)
32.5
(90.5)
33.2
(91.8)
32
(90)
29.7
(85.5)
29.5
(85.1)
29.8
(85.6)
32.1
(89.8)
32
(90)
30.3
(86.5)
30.8
(87.51)
Daily mean °C (°F) 23.2
(73.8)
23.7
(74.7)
26.3
(79.3)
28.3
(82.9)
29.8
(85.6)
29
(84)
27.4
(81.3)
27.1
(80.8)
27
(81)
27.8
(82)
26.6
(79.9)
24.6
(76.3)
26.73
(80.13)
Average low °C (°F) 17.9
(64.2)
18.5
(65.3)
21.6
(70.9)
24.2
(75.6)
26.5
(79.7)
26.1
(79)
25.1
(77.2)
24.7
(76.5)
24.3
(75.7)
23.6
(74.5)
21.2
(70.2)
18.9
(66)
22.72
(72.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 0
(0)
1
(0.04)
1
(0.04)
0
(0)
10
(0.39)
486
(19.13)
870
(34.25)
531
(20.91)
350
(13.78)
71
(2.8)
6
(0.24)
1
(0.04)
2,327
(91.62)
Source: Climate-Data.org (altitude: 5m)[3]

Demographics[edit]

The population of Vasai-Virar was 1,221,233 at the 2011 census, up from 693,350 in 2001, 365,480 in 1991, and 219,868 in 1981, there exists slums and villages as well as urban zones. [4]

Civic administration[edit]

The Vasai-Virar Town is governed by two bodies, the Vasai-Virar Municipal Corporation and the villages (gram panchayat).

Vasai-Virar Municipal Corporation[edit]

The Vasai-Virar Municipal Corporation (VVMC) was formed on 3 July 2010. It is headed by a Municipal commissioner, an Indian Administrative Service officer who wields the executive power. A quinquennial election is held to elect the governing body, who are responsible for overseeing that their constituencies have the basic civic infrastructure in place, and that there is no lacuna on the part of the authorities. The position of mayor is a largely ceremonial post with limited duties but the office-holder heads the party with the largest vote.

Transport[edit]

Railways[edit]

Mumbai Surbaban Local Train

Vasai-Virar Town is Connected by Western & Central Railway. The Major Railway Stations on Western & Central Railway in Vasai-Virar Town are

  • Virar Railway Station (Western Railway): All Local, DMU Train, Memu, Shuttle, Express & Passenger Trains halt or Depart from here.
  • Nallasopara Railway Station (Western Railway) : All Local DMU & Memu halt here.
  • Vasai Road Railway Station (Western / Central Railway) : Vasai Road Railway Station is a Junction. All Local, DMU, Memu, Shuttle, Express & Passenger Trains halt or Depart from here.
  • Naigaon Railway Station (Western Railway) : All Local Trains halt here.
  • Juchandra Railway Station (Central Railway) : All DMU & MEMU halt here.
  • Kaman Road Railway Station (Central Railway) : All DMU & MEMU halt here.

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]