|Prime Minister of Portugal|
18 July 1974 – 19 September 1975
|President||António de Spínola
Francisco da Costa Gomes
|Preceded by||Adelino da Palma Carlos|
|Succeeded by||José Pinheiro de Azevedo|
|Born||Vasco dos Santos Gonçalves
3 May 1922
|Died||11 June 2005
|Spouse(s)||Aida Rocha Afonso|
|Children||One son, one daughter|
|Alma mater||Portuguese Military Academy|
|Years of service||1942–1975|
|Awards||Order Playa Girón|
General Vasco dos Santos Gonçalves (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈvaʃku ɡõˈsaɫvɨʃ]; Lisbon 3 May 1922 – 11 June 2005) was a Portuguese army officer in the Engineering Corps who took part in the Carnation Revolution and later served as the 104th Prime Minister from 18 July 1974 to 19 September 1975.
He was best known for his controversial left-wing positions, including nationalization of banks and insurance companies after the events of 11 March 1975. The matter of fact is that those nationalizations were provoked by the bank conglomerates' huge debt to the Portuguese State and their directors' escape to Brazil.
In parallel, other measures implemented by his Government, such as imposing a minimum wage and the attribution of the "Christmas subsidy" (equal to one month's pay), were hardly radical in democratic Europe, even by today's standards.
- "PORTUGAL: The New Command," TIME (magazine), October 28, 1974.
- "The World: Four Views from the Top," TIME (magazine), May 5, 1975.
- "PORTUGAL: A Resounding Vote for Moderation," TIME (magazine), May 5, 1975.
- "Lisbon's Troika: Red Threat in Portugal" (cover), TIME (magazine), August 11, 1975.
- "PORTUGAL: Western Europe's First Communist Country?" TIME (magazine), August 11, 1975.
- "The World: The Cork, the Ideologue, the Playboy," TIME (magazine), August 11, 1975.
- "PORTUGAL: Hammers Yes, Sickles No,", TIME (magazine), September 29, 1975.
- "Portuguese ex-PM Gonçalves dies," BBC News, Sunday, June 12, 2005.
- Fuchs, Dale. "General Vasco Gonçalves" (obituary), The Guardian (London, UK), Monday, June 13, 2005.
- Gallagher, Tom. "General Vasco Gonçalves: Marxist prime minister of Portugal" (obituary), The Independent (London, UK), Tuesday, June 14, 2005.
- Hershman, Gabriel & Graeme, Chris. "Portugal mourns its revolutionaries," Algarve (Portugal) Resident, Thursday, June 16, 2005.
- "General Vasco Gonçalves" (obituary), The Daily Telegraph (London, UK), Thursday, June 23, 2005.