Vasco Ronchi (December 19, 1897-October 31, 1988) was an Italian physicist known for his work in optics. He was born on 19 December 1897 in Florence, Italy. Along with Enrico Fermi, he was a student of Luigi Puccianti. He studied at the Faculty of Physics of the University of Pisa from 1915 to 1919.
He served numerous terms as the President of the 'Union Internationale d'Histoire des Sciences' within the UNESCO.
Ronchi authored 900 papers and 30 books.