Vasily Belov

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Vasily Belov
Vasily Belov.jpg
Born Vasily Ivanovich Belov
(1932-10-23)October 23, 1932
Northern Krai, RSFSR, USSR
Died December 4, 2012(2012-12-04) (aged 80)
Vologda, Russia
Genre Fiction
Notable works Eves (1972–1983)
The Year of a Major Breakdown (1989–1994)
Notable awards Orden of Honour.png

Vasily Ivanovich Belov (Russian: Васи́лий Ива́нович Бело́в; October 23, 1932 – December 4, 2012[1]) was a Soviet/Russian writer, poet and dramatist, who published more than 60 books which sold (as of 1998) 7 million copies.[2] A prominent member of the influential 1970s–1980s derevenschiki movement, Belov's best known novels include Business as Usual (Привычное дело, 1966), Eves (Кануны, 1972–1987), Everything's Ahead (Всё впереди, 1986) and The Year of a Major Breakdown (Год великого перелома, 1989–1994).

Vasily Belov was a harsh critic of the Soviet rural policies (particularly collectivisation), what he felt was the dominance of cosmopolitical doctrines aiming at methodical repression of the Russian national identity.[3] Ideological idiosyncrasies aside, unanimously praised were Vasily Belov's tough stance on ecological issues and his activities in the old Russian historic sites' and churches restoration. A great admirer of Ivan Ilyin and his legacy, Belov financed the publication of the first Complete Ilyin collection and wrote a preface for it.[4][5]

Vasily Belov, the USSR State Prize (1981) and the State Prize of the Russian Federation (2003) laureate, was a recipient of the Order of the Red Banner of Labour (1982), the Order of Lenin (1984), the Order of Merit for the Fatherland (IV, 2003) and the Order of Honour (2003).[2]

Biography[edit]

Vasily Ivanovich Belov was born in Timonikha, Kharovsky District, Northern Krai, now Vologda oblast, into a peasant family, the eldest of five children.[4] His father Ivan Belov was killed in 1943 in the Second World War. While studying in the 7-year secondary school, Vasily had to labour in the local kolkhoz, helping his mother to raise the family. Later he referred to just one overbearing memory of his childhood, that of "constant hunger – for food and books."[2] After school, in the spring of 1949, he joined a professional college in Sokol, Vologda Oblast to learn the craft of carpenter and joiner. After the army he worked in one of the Molotov (now Perm) factories, then in 1956 moved back to Vologda where he started contributing to the regional Communard newspaper.[4] On the recommendation of Aleksander Yashin, a well-established Vologda writer, Belov in 1959 enrolled to the Maxim Gorky Literature Institute in Moscow.[2]

In 1961 Vasily Belov's first book of poetry My Small Forest Village was published, along with the Village Berdyaika novelet, his debut in prose. In 1963 he became a member of the USSR Union of Writers and a year later, having graduated the Gorky Institute, returned to Vologda.[4] In 1964 his Sultry Summer book of short stories was published, followed by Beyond the Three Voloks[6] (1965).[7]

It was the Business as Usual novelet (1966) published by Sever magazine, that made Belov a well-known author, its main character Ivan Africanovich soon becoming the village prose movement's token figure. Business as Usual was miles apart from the standards of Socialist realism; editor Dmitry Gusarov even had to place the "To be concluded" tag in the end of it to appease censors who felt the story's finale was "too pessimistic".[3] It was followed in 1968 by the Carpenter Tales short stories collection (published in Aleksander Tvardovsky's Novy Mir) and then Vologda Bukhtinas (1969) a set of modern local folklore pieces.[8] The Upbringing According to Dr. Spock 1974 novellas collection's leitmotif was the rural-against-urban lifestyle dilemma, the latter seen by the author as unnatural, amoral and in every possible way deficient.[4]

In contrast, 1979's Lad (Harmony) non-fiction compilation of ethnographical essays came as arguably his most cheerful book, showing the traditional Russian rural ways of life as an idyll of man living in harmony with nature.[3] An outspoken opponent of some of the Soviet official policies, Vasily Belov has not for a moment been considered a dissident, having found his ideological stronghold in the opposite corner of the ideological specter. In 1981 he received the USSR State Prize ("For creating works of superb artistic quality"), then the Order of the Red Banner of Labour (1982) and Order of Lenin (1984). In the early 1980s he became one of the leading figures in the Soviet Writers Union and the Russian Federation Writers Union's first secretary. Several of his plays (Over the Light Waters, On the 206th, The Immortal Koschey) were being staged in theaters all over the country, all highlighting the idea of stopping the spread of the Western type of amorality (the natural consequence of the urbanization, as he saw it) and working hard upon preserving the Russian natural riches.[4][7]

The 1986 Everything's Ahead novel, again targeting the urban set of values, caused controversy and brought about the heated discussion in the Soviet press. It was followed by Such Was the War (1987) which included a novel and some short stories. Before that, in 1983, one of Belov's best-known works, the Eves (the novel which he started in 1972) came out, followed by The Year of a Major Breakdown (1989–1991) and The Sixth Hour (1932 Chronicle). This epic trilogy, telling the tragedy of three peasant families' decline, became arguably the strongest anti-collectivization manifest in the non-dissident Soviet literature, exploring what the author saw as the conflict between Russian rural traditionalism and the Bolsheviks-imposed 'rootlessness', the latter leading to chaos, murder and human degradation.[7]

In 1989–1991 Belov published a series of children's books: The Old and the Small, The Little Spring fairytale and others. Those were the years of his active involvement in practical politics, first as the People's deputy, then (in 1991–1992) the member of the Supreme Soviet. In 1993–1995 the Sovremennik Publishers issued the first Complete Vasily Belov collection in five volumes. Another novelet, The Honeymoon, came out in 1996, but by this time Belov became better known as an author of highly emotional essays (appearing mostly in pro-nationalist Moskva, Nash Sovremennik magazines and Zavtra newspaper) targeting many issues including the tragic demise of small Russian villages and the degradation of the Russian language.[7]

In 1997 Vasily Belov became the Honorary citizen of Vologda. Later (despite his current political views described as "still quite radical")[7] he Belov was awarded the Order of Reverend Sergius of Radonezh (2002), the Order of Merit for the Fatherland (IV, 2003) and the Russian Federation's State Prize (2004) for literature and arts.[7]

Vasily Belov devoted his last years of life to the restoration of the Nikolskaya church in Timonikha where he'd been christened at infancy. He financed the project and worked on scaffolds himself. In 2011 the church was robbed and desecrated. On the next day the writer suffered a stroke which he's never fully recovered from.[9][10] On December 4, 2012, Vasily Belov died, aged 80, in Vologda, Russia.

Honours and awards[edit]

Select works[edit]

  • My Small Forest Village (Деревенька моя лесная, 1961, poetry collection)
  • Village Berdyaika (Деревня Бердяйка, 1961, novelet)
  • Sultry Summer (Знойное лето, 1963, short stories)
  • Beyond the Three Voloks (За тремя волоками, 1965, novelet)
  • Business as Usual (Привычное дело, 1966, novelet)
  • The Carpenter's Tales (Плотницкие рассказы, 1968, short stories)
  • Vologda's Buktinas (Бухтины волгодские, 1969, a collection of modern local folklore)
  • Eves (Кануны, 1972–1983, a novel in three parts)
  • The Upbringing According to Dr. Spock (Воспитание по доктору Споку, 1974, short stories)
  • Everything's Ahead (Всё впереди, 1986, novel)
  • Such Was the War (Такая была война, 1987, a collection of wartime prose)
  • The Year of a Major Breakdown (Год великого перелома, 1989–1991, novel)
  • The Sixth Hour. The 1932 chronicle (Час шестый. Хроника 1932 года, novel)
  • The Old and the Small (Старый да малый, 1990, novelet)
  • Honeymoon (Медовый месяц, 1996, novelet)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ RIA Novosti
  2. ^ a b c d "В.И. Белов". www.bestpeopleofrussia.ru. Retrieved January 1, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c Semanov, S. "Белов, Василий Иванович". hrono.ru. Retrieved January 1, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Kotelnikov, V. "Василий Иванович Белов". The Great Encyclopedia of the Russian People. Retrieved January 1, 2011. 
  5. ^ Russian Writers and Poets. The Brief Biographical Dictionary. Moscow, 2000. Василий Белов
  6. ^ Volok (Волок), 'a drag': a space of dry land between two rivers across which boats and small ships had to be dragged by human force.
  7. ^ a b c d e f "Василий Иванович Белов". library.ru. Retrieved January 1, 2011. 
  8. ^ Bukhtina, бухтина – in local Vologda argo, a joke, funny anecdote.
  9. ^ "Writer Vasily Belov never recovered from a stroke…". The Orthodox World. December 5, 2012. Retrieved March 1, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Vasily Belov never recovered from a desecration of a church in his own village". NTV Russia. December 5, 2012. Retrieved March 1, 2012. 

External links[edit]