January 2, 1880
Tula, Russian Empire
|Died||January 16, 1949
Moscow, Russian SFSR
Vasily Alekseyevich Degtyaryov (Russian: Васи́лий Алексе́евич Дегтярёв; January 2, 1880, Tula – January 16, 1949, Moscow) was a Russian weapons designer, Major General of the Engineering and Artillery Service, Doctor of Technical Sciences (1940), and Hero of Socialist Labor (1940; he received the second such award in its history just two weeks after Joseph Stalin himself). He became a CPSU member in 1941.
- In 1927, the Red Army was equipped with the 7.62 mm light machine gun called ДП, or DP-28 (Russian: Дегтярёва Пехотный Degtyaryov's infantry (machine gun)). This design also led to
- Degtyaryov also designed a few models of submachine guns, the best of which would be adopted by the Soviet Army in 1934 (modernized in 1940) as the ППД PPD-40 (from Пистолет-пулемёт Дегтярёва, Degtyaryov's submachine gun).
- In 1930, Degtyaryov designed his 12.7 mm large-caliber machine gun, the ДК, or DK (Дегтярёва Крупнокалиберный). In 1938, this machine gun was upgraded by Georgi Shpagin and called ДШК (DShK) (Дегтярёва Шпагина Крупнокалиберный).
- In 1939, Degtyaryov designed his heavy machine gun called ДС, or DS (Дегтярёва Станковый). The DS-39 was issued to the Red Army and used in the Russo-Finnish War of 1939-1940. The belt feed mechanism damaged the cartridge cases and the gun was found too complicated and liable to malfunctions and was withdrawn from service.
- During the Great Patriotic War, the Soviet Army adopted Degtyaryov's 14.5 mm anti-tank rifle the ПТРД, or PTRD (Противотанковое Ружьё Дегтярёва) and 1944 light machine gun.
Honours and awards
- Stalin Prizes;
- 1942 - 1st class and 2nd class
- 1946 - 2nd class
- 1949 - 1st class (posthumous)
- Hero of Socialist Labour (1940)
- Three Orders of Lenin
- Order of Suvorov, 1st and 2nd classes
- Order of the Red Banner of Labour
- Order of the Red Star
- Medal "For the Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"
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