From 1939-1941, Volsky headed the Soviet Union's Academy of Mechanisation and Motorisation. He then rose to command the 4th Mechanised Corps, which he led at the Battle of Stalingrad in late 1942. Initially Volsky had concerns over the planned Operation Uranus, going as far as to write Joseph Stalin a personal letter "as a good communist" warning him that the attack would fail. After a meeting with Stalin, Volsky retracted his letter and the Corps assisted in the encirclement and destruction of the Romanian army commanded by Gebele.
Volsky, suffering from tuberculosis, was hospitalised from March 1945 and died in 1946. Скончался 22 февраля 1946 г. в Москве. Похоронен на Новодевичьем кладбище. Некролог: Красная Звезда. 26 February 1946.
Stalingrad: The Faithful Siege (1999) by Antony Beevor.
- Beevor, p.250
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