Vasko Lipovac

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Vasko Lipovac
Vasko Lipovac and sculpture.jpg
Vasko Lipovac
Born (1931-06-14)June 14, 1931
Kotor, Yugoslavia (now Montenegro)
Died July 4, 2006(2006-07-04) (aged 75)
Split, Croatia
Nationality Montenegrin
Education Academy of Applied Arts, Zagreb
Academy of Fine Arts, Zagreb
Kosta Angeli Radovani
Željko Hegedušić
Krsto Hegedušić
Known for Sculpture, Painting, Drawing, Printmaking, Illustration, Scenography
Notable work(s) Cyclus (1996)
Awards Emanuel Vidović Lifetime Achievement Award[1]

Vasko Lipovac (June 14, 1931 – July 4, 2006) was a Croatian painter, sculptor, printmaker, designer, illustrator and scenographer[2] and one of the most prominent artists of the region.[3] He is best known for his minimalist figuration and use of intense, unmodulated and often dissonant palette.[4] With the exception of his juvenile period of geometric abstraction, he remained loyal to figuration throughout his whole career. Exceptionally prolific, he worked in various techniques and was equally skillful in using high-polished metal, polychromous wood, enamel, terracotta or polyester to create his sculptures, reliefs and mobiles.[5]

Biography[edit]

Vasko Lipovac was born on June 14, 1931, in Škaljari, a small coastal settlement near Kotor in Montenegro. He was the youngest of five children in a very harmonious family of a prosperous merchant and a shipping agent Spasoje Lipovac and Antica Lui, the daughter of a respectable landowner Maksimilijan Lui.[6] He attended Real Grammar School in Kotor, where his drawing teacher was Mato Đuranović (1895–1973), the painter who inspired his students with the bright, shiny colors of his works.[7]

After graduating from the secondary school, he moved to Zagreb, Croatia in 1950 and enrolled in the Academy of Applied Arts. He initially chose sculpture, in the class of Kosta Angeli Radovani, but during his second year (1951/1952) he switched to painting, where his mentor became Željko Hegedušić.[8] It is worth mentioning that during this period of the early 1950s, many future prominent artists attended Zagreb Academy of Applied Arts, such as Zlatko Bourek, Jagoda Buić, Ante Sony Jakić, Zvonimir Lončarić, Mladen Pejaković, Ordan Petlevski and Pavao Štalter.[9][10] After graduation, from 1955 to 1959 he attended the Master's Workshop of professor Krsto Hegedušić.[11] This postgraduate study gave many talented young visual artists much needed freedom and opportunity to explore and use their artistic sensibility.[12]

In 1959 he married Milena Matas, and they later had three sons.[13] He spent most of the 1960 in the army, and upon returning to Zagreb he spent a year (1961–1962) as an art editor assistant in the magazine “Chemistry in industry”, which was the only full-time job he ever had.[14] Since 1967, Vasko Lipovac lived and worked in Split, Croatia, where the Mediterranean climate inspired him to fulfill his poetic vision, and to create numerous works.[15]

He was intrigued by the idea of integrating art with architecture, and especially integration of art into workspace, so he collaborated with numerous architects.[16] Among his most prominent are the collaborations with Jerko Rošin,[17] Dinko Kovačić[18] and Bernardo Bernardi.[19]

Lipovac had around 100 solo exhibitions and over 200 group, juried, problem, conceptual, and important invitational exhibitions in Croatia as well as abroad.[20][21] In addition, he received over twenty awards and honours for his sculptures, paintings, graphics, illustrations and public monuments.

Vasko Lipovac died on July 4, 2006.[22]

Photos[edit]

Awards[23][edit]

  • 1968 5th Zadar Blue Salon Purchase Award
  • 1968 Cetinje Salon Award
  • 1969 Herceg Novi Winter Salon Award
  • 1970 NIP Slobodna Dalmacija Annual Award
  • 1971 6th Zagreb Salon Sculpture Award
  • 1971 3rd Split Salon Sculpture Award
  • 1972 Večernji List Purchase Award at the 7th Yugoslav Graphic Arts Exhibition in Zagreb
  • 1974 Purchase Award at the 8th Yugoslav Graphic Arts Exhibition in Zagreb
  • 1974 Purchase Award at the 1st Biennale of Contemporary Croatian Graphic Arts in Split
  • 1975 Honorary Mention at the 2nd Yugoslav Biennale of Small Sculpture in Murska Sobota
  • 1975 7th Split Salon Sculpture Award
  • 1977 Grigor Vitez Illustration Award, Zagreb[24]
  • 1978 Sculpture Award at the 7th Mediterranean Biennale in Alexandria
  • 1979 City of Split Award
  • 1981 Purchase Award at the Yugoslav Biennale of Small Sculpture in Murska Sobota
  • 1986 Emanuel Vidović Prize at the Split Salon
  • 1987 Grand Honorary Mention at the 7th Yugoslav Biennale of Small Sculpture in Murska Sobota
  • 1988 14th Zagreb Drawing Exhibition Purchase Award
  • 1988 Third Triennial of Croatian Sculpture Award[25]
  • 1991 Marul Award for set design[26]
  • 1993 Purchase Award for the monument to King Petar Krešimir IV in Šibenik
  • 1995 First prize for the monument to Dražen Petrović at Olympic Museum, Lausanne
  • 1996 Split Salon Award
  • 1997 Award of the Croatian Watercolor Festival in Zagreb
  • 1998 2nd prize for the monument to Marko Marulić in Zagreb
  • 2003 Split Graphic Arts Biennale Award
  • 2004 Grand Prix of the 3rd Croatian Watercolor Triennale in Karlovac
  • 2006 Slobodna Dalmacija Lifetime Achievement Award in Split

References[edit]

  1. ^ Šarac, Damir (June 17, 2006). "Ovisnost o Slobodnoj Dalmaciji". Slobodna Dalmacija (Split: Slobodna Dalmacija d.d.). Retrieved June 27, 2014. 
  2. ^ Gelemanović, Mirko. "Vasko Lipovac". Retrieved June 26, 2014. 
  3. ^ Pavičić Prijatelj, Ivana (2013). Akademski slikar i skulptor Vasko Lipovac vraća se doma. Kotor: Pomorski muzej Crne Gore, Kotor. p. 4. 
  4. ^ Matanić-Živanović, Ksenija (2013). "Lipovac, Vasko (Vasilije)". In Slaven Ravlić. Hrvatska enciklopedija. Zagreb: Miroslav Krleža Institute of Lexicography. 
  5. ^ Pavičić Prijatelj, Ivana (June 14, 2011). The Erotic Homo Adriaticus: 38 Years of Sex in Vasko Lipovac's Work (Speech). Days of Open Atelier. Atelier Vasko Lipovac, Split. 
  6. ^ Martinović, Jovan (July 2013). "Hommage Vasku Lipovcu". Jedra Boke (Maritime Museum of Montenegro): 4–5. Retrieved 3 July 2014. 
  7. ^ Martinović, Jovan (July 2013). "Hommage Vasku Lipovcu". Jedra Boke (Maritime Museum of Montenegro): 4–5. Retrieved 3 July 2014. 
  8. ^ Tomić, Ante (2008). Erotika. Zagreb: Profil International d.d. p. 340. ISBN 978-953-12-0802-4. 
  9. ^ Tomić, Ante (2008). Erotika. Zagreb: Profil International d.d. p. 336. ISBN 978-953-12-0802-4. 
  10. ^ "Mladen Pejaković, Životopis". Retrieved July 13, 2014. 
  11. ^ Tomić, Ante (2008). Erotika. Zagreb: Profil International d.d. p. 337. ISBN 978-953-12-0802-4. 
  12. ^ Jelinčić, Frane (January 27, 1973). "S plohe u prostor". Studio – ilustrirana revija za televiziju, radio, film i kazalište (Zagreb: Vjesnik). 
  13. ^ Zlatar, Pero (March 20, 1976). "Čudesne ptice iz ekrana". Studio – ilustrirana revija za televiziju, radio, film i kazalište (Zagreb: Vjesnik). 
  14. ^ Tomić, Ante (2008). Erotika. Zagreb: Profil International d.d. p. 343. ISBN 978-953-12-0802-4. 
  15. ^ Gelemanović, Mirko. "Vasko Lipovac". Retrieved June 26, 2014. 
  16. ^ Lipovac, Vasko (October 26, 1975). Jedan dan veselja Vaska Lipovca. Interview with Josip Škunca. Slobodna Dalmacija. Split. 
  17. ^ Rošin, Jerko (March 3, 1974). "Oblik u prostoru, a ne riječ na tabli". Nedjeljna Dalmacija (Split: Slobodna Dalmacija d.d.). p. 12. 
  18. ^ Šušak Živković, Živana (November 21, 2013). "Cijeli svijet se divio kompleksu Split 3". Dalmacija News. Retrieved October 6, 2014. 
  19. ^ Ceraj, Iva (2013). "Bernardo Bernardi – The spiritus movens of Early Design in Croatia". art BULLETIN (Hrvatska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti) (63): 119. Retrieved October 6, 2014. 
  20. ^ Belamarić, Joško; Gelemanović, Mirko (2007). Graphic Games. Split: Muzej grada Splita. p. 17. ISBN 978-953-6638-25-8 Check |isbn= value (help). 
  21. ^ "Vasko Lipovac, One-man exhibitions". Retrieved October 11, 2014. 
  22. ^ Gelemanović, Mirko. "Vasko Lipovac". Retrieved June 26, 2014. 
  23. ^ Tomić, Ante (2008). Erotika. Zagreb: Profil International d.d. p. 365. ISBN 978-953-12-0802-4. 
  24. ^ "Nagrada "Grigor Vitez"". Retrieved July 29, 2014. 
  25. ^ Mohorovičić, Andro, ed. (1988). Treći trijenale hrvatskoga kiparstva. Zagreb: Gliptoteka Jugoslavenske akademije znanosti i umjetnosti. 
  26. ^ "Marulovi dani 1991". Retrieved July 29, 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Šimat Banov, Ive (2001). Vasko Lipovac. Zagreb: Art studio Azinović. ISBN 953-6271-39-7. 

External links[edit]