Vassieux-en-Vercors

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Vassieux-en-Vercors
Vassieux-en-Vercors seen from the slopes of the col de la Chau, near the Mémorial de la Résistance
Vassieux-en-Vercors seen from the slopes of the col de la Chau, near the Mémorial de la Résistance
Coat of arms of Vassieux-en-Vercors
Coat of arms
Vassieux-en-Vercors is located in France
Vassieux-en-Vercors
Vassieux-en-Vercors
Coordinates: 44°53′46″N 5°22′15″E / 44.8961°N 5.3708°E / 44.8961; 5.3708Coordinates: 44°53′46″N 5°22′15″E / 44.8961°N 5.3708°E / 44.8961; 5.3708
Country France
Region Rhône-Alpes
Department Drôme
Arrondissement Die
Canton La Chapelle-en-Vercors
Intercommunality Vercors
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Michel Repellin
Area
 • Land1 48.25 km2 (18.63 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population2 351
 • Population2 density 7.3/km2 (19/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 26364 / 26420
Elevation 1,028–1,654 m (3,373–5,427 ft)
(avg. 1,048 m or 3,438 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Vassieux-en-Vercors is a commune in the department of Drôme in southeastern France.

The town is known for its assistance to the French Resistance during World War II, for which it was awarded Ordre de la Libération.

Geography[edit]

The village is built on a polje of limestone and dominated by a vast Karst landscape.[1] This polje lies on a syncline generally known as the "Plateau de Vassieux".

The Plateau de Vassieux is the site of numerous other karst phenomena, such as limestone pavements and caves, which are studied and explored by local speleology groups.

History[edit]

Cemetery and memorial

Vassieux-en-Vercors is home to several prehistoric archaeological sites, and has a Museum of Prehistory which was created in May 1970 after the discovery of a flintknapping workshop.[2]

For its great acts of resistance during the German occupation of France, the town was awarded the Ordre de la Libération. A memorial was built at the Col de la Chau 44°54′27″N 5°21′40″E / 44.90760°N 5.36124°E / 44.90760; 5.36124 to remember the grim events of the Second World War, and includes a cemetery where the victims of a July 1944 German massacre are buried.

Tunnel dans la roche plateau vercors

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1793 866 —    
1800 921 +6.4%
1806 1,302 +41.4%
1821 930 −28.6%
1831 1,003 +7.8%
1836 1,022 +1.9%
1841 978 −4.3%
1846 899 −8.1%
1851 981 +9.1%
1856 941 −4.1%
1861 930 −1.2%
1866 850 −8.6%
1872 800 −5.9%
1876 773 −3.4%
1881 758 −1.9%
1886 741 −2.2%
1891 701 −5.4%
1896 660 −5.8%
1901 641 −2.9%
1906 622 −3.0%
1911 540 −13.2%
1921 486 −10.0%
1926 474 −2.5%
1931 448 −5.5%
1936 430 −4.0%
1946 309 −28.1%
1954 373 +20.7%
1962 194 −48.0%
1968 257 +32.5%
1975 257 +0.0%
1982 310 +20.6%
1990 283 −8.7%
1999 290 +2.5%
2008 351 +21.0%

Economy[edit]

The main human and economic activities are based on agriculture (livestock, timber etc.) and tourism.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (French) Centre Historique de la Résistance en Drôme. ""Cartographie de Vassieux-en-Vercors"". Retrieved 2008-01-01. 
  2. ^ (French) prehistoire-vercors.fr. ""Le Musée de la Préhistoire de Vassieux en Vercors"". Archived from the original on 2007-12-15. Retrieved 2008-01-01.