Vassily Ivanchuk

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Vassily Ivanchuk
Iwantschuk wassili 20061029 berlin bundesliga.jpg
Ivanchuk in 2006
Full name Vasyl Mykhaylovych Ivanchuk
Country Soviet Union
Ukraine
Born (1969-03-18) March 18, 1969 (age 45)
Kopychyntsi, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
Title Grandmaster
FIDE rating 2715 (December 2014)
(No. 13 in the April 2013 FIDE World Rankings)
Peak rating 2787 (October 2007)

Vassily Mykhaylovych Ivanchuk, also transliterated as Vasyliy or Vasyl (Ukrainian: Василь Михайлович Іванчук; born March 18, 1969), is a Ukrainian chess grandmaster.

Ivanchuk has been a leading player in the world since 1988, ranking as high as No. 2 on the official FIDE Elo rating list (July 1991, July 1992, October 2007).[1] Ivanchuk often has erratic results, dropping as low as 30th in July 2009[2] before returning to the top ten in the next list.[3]

Ivanchuk was the 2007–2008 World Blitz Chess champion,[4] and won the Amber blindfold and rapid chess tournament in 1992 and 2010.

In 2011, by the decree of the President of Ukraine, Ivanchuk was awarded the Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise IV degree.[5]

Early years[edit]

Ivanchuk was born in Kopychyntsi, Ukraine. He won the 1987 European Junior Chess Championship in Groningen and first achieved international notice by winning the 1988 New York Open with 7½/9, ahead of a field of Grandmasters. He tied for first place in the 1988 World Junior Chess Championship at Adelaide, but lost the title on tiebreak to Joël Lautier.[6] He was awarded the Grandmaster title in 1988, and entered the world top 10 the same year.[7]

Reaches world elite[edit]

Ivanchuk reached chess world fame at the age of 21 when he won the Linares tournament in 1991. Fourteen players participated, eight of them rated top-ten of the world, including World Chess Champion Garry Kasparov, while the rest were all among the world's top 50 players. Ivanchuk narrowly edged Kasparov by a half-point,[8] defeating Kasparov in their individual game.[9]

It was widely believed that Ivanchuk might become World Champion, but this has not yet happened, although he came close in 2002 when he reached the final of the FIDE World Chess Championship 2002. Consistently among the top 10 since 1988, this did not prevent Mark Crowther's The Week in Chess from attributing his erratic play to a "poor temperament."[10] His inability to become World Champion despite his immense talent and longevity among the chess elite has been attributed to his admittedly poor nerves, which have been exposed during the high-tension atmosphere of World Championship match-format tournaments, such as in 2002 where he was heavily favored in the FIDE championship final after having defeated defending champion Viswanathan Anand in the semifinals, only to lose to countryman Ruslan Ponomariov in a significant upset, denying him the World Championship. Subsequent match-play tournaments in World Championship cycles have seen Ivanchuk consistently underperform; in the FIDE World Chess Championship 2004, Chess World Cup 2005, Chess World Cup 2007, and Chess World Cup 2009, he failed to advance past the third round despite being seeded No. 5, No. 1, No. 1 and No. 6 respectively in those events.

Ivanchuk's world championship aspirations were also dampened by the unfortunate title split 1993 to 2006. Due to obligations with FIDE, Ivanchuk and Anand did not participate in the 2002 Dortmund Candidates tournament for the Classical World Chess Championship 2004.[11] He was then narrowly excluded, on the basis of rating, from the rival FIDE World Chess Championship 2005. Although he won one of the events of the FIDE Grand Prix 2008–2010, his overall performance was not good enough to qualify him for the World Chess Championship 2012 candidates tournament.

2013[edit]

Ivanchuk played in the 2013 Candidates Tournament, which took place in London, from 15 March to 1 April. He finished seventh, with a score of +3−5=6.[12]

Assessment and personality[edit]

Ivanchuk

In 2013, Gawain Jones described Ivanchuk as "possibly the most talented [player] ever".[13] Judit Polgár, when asked in c. 2012 to name chess players whom she considers geniuses, named only Ivanchuk, Magnus Carlsen and Viswanathan Anand.[14]

"Chucky", as Ivanchuk is called, has been described by Anand as the most eccentric player in the chess world. Anand, tongue-in-cheek, gave his view on Ivanchuk like this:[15]

He's someone who is very intelligent ... but you never know which mood he is going to be in. Some days he will treat you like his long-lost brother. The next day he ignores you completely.

The players have a word for him. They say he lives on "Planet Ivanchuk". (Laughs) ... I have seen him totally drunk and singing Ukrainian poetry and then the next day I have seen him give an impressive talk.

His playing style is unpredictable and highly original, making him more dangerous but sometimes leading to quick losses as well.

After a string of unsuccessful performances culminated in his elimination at the early stages of the 2009 World Cup, Ivanchuk announced, in a highly emotional interview, his retirement from professional chess.[16][17] However, he soon recanted this decision.[18]

Notable tournament victories[edit]

  • Lvov 1987, 11½/17 1st
  • New York Open 1988, 1st
  • Debrecen 1988, 10 8/11 1st
  • Linares 1989, 7/10 1st
  • Yerevan 1989, 8½/11 1st
  • Biel 1989, 9/14 1–2
  • Tilburg 1990, 8½/14 1–2
  • Linares 1991, 9½/13 1st
  • Reykjavik 10½/15, 1–2
  • Munich 1994, 7½/11 1st
  • Linares 1995, 10/13 1st
  • Horgen GER 1995, 7/10 1–2
  • Wijk aan Zee 1996, 9/13 1st
  • Belgrade 1997 6/9, 1–2
  • Tallinn 2000 6/7, 1st
  • Montecatini Terme 2000, 5/7 1st
  • Malmö 2003, 13 7/9 1st
  • European Individual Chess Championship 2004
  • La Habana 2005, 9½/12 1st
  • Barcelona 2005, 4/5 1–2
  • Canadian Open Chess Championship 2005, Joint 1st
  • Tallinn 2006, 7/9 1–3
  • Odessa 2006, 7/9 1st
  • Mérida 2006, 1st
  • Odessa 2007, 7/9 1st
  • La Habana 2007, 7½/9 1st
  • Foros 2007, 7½/11 1st
  • FIDE World Blitz Chess Champion 2007
  • Montreal International 2007
  • M-Tel Masters, Sofia 2008 8/10 2008, 1st
  • Tal Memorial, Moscow 2008, 6/9 1st
  • Tal Memorial (Blitz), Moscow 2008, 1st
  • Linares 2009 8/14, Joint 1st (Alexander Grischuk declared winner because of higher number of wins)
  • Bazna 2009, 7/10 1st
  • Jermuk 2009, 8½/13 1st
  • Amber Rapid 2010, 8/11 Joint 1st (with Magnus Carlsen)
  • Amber Overall 2010, Joint 1st (with Magnus Carlsen)
  • Capablanca Memorial Havana 2010, 7/10 1st
  • Cap d'Agde Rapid 2010, 1st
  • Gibraltar 2011, 9/10 1st
  • Capablanca Memorial Havana 2011, 6½/10 1st
  • Grand Slam Bilbao – São Paulo 2011, Joint 1st (Magnus Carlsen wins the tie-break blitz games)
  • Capablanca Memorial Havana, Cuba 2012, 6½/10, 1st.[19]

Team chess performances[edit]

Vassily Ivanchuk
Medal record
Chess Olympiad
Competitor for  Soviet Union
Gold Thessaloniki 1988 Open
Gold Novi Sad 1990 Open
Competitor for  Ukraine
Gold Calvià 2004 Open
Gold Khanty-Mansiysk 2010 Open
Silver Yerevan 1996 Open
Bronze Elista 1998 Open
Bronze Istanbul 2000 Open
Bronze Istanbul 2012 Open

Ivanchuk has often been at his best in international team competitions. He has played in eleven Chess Olympiads, twice for the Soviet Union (1988 and 1990), and nine times for Ukraine, after the Soviet Union split up in 1991. He has won a total of twelve medals, and has been on four gold-medal winning teams (USSR in 1988 and 1990, Ukraine in 2004 and 2010). In 133 games, Ivanchuk has scored (+50 =77 -6), for 66.5 per cent. His detailed Olympiad records, from the site http://www.olimpbase.org/players/oeo8eigf.html, follow.

  • Thessaloniki 1988, USSR 2nd reserve, 6½/9 (+4 −0 =5), team gold
  • Novi Sad 1990, USSR board 1, 7/10 (+5 −1 =4), team gold, board bronze
  • Manila 1992, Ukraine board 1, 8½/13 (+6 −1 =5)
  • Moscow 1994, Ukraine board 1, 9½/14 (+5 −0 =9)
  • Yerevan 1996, Ukraine board 1, 8½/11 (+6 −0 =5), team silver, board silver, perf. bronze
  • Elista 1998, Ukraine board 1, 7/11 (+3 −0 =8), team bronze
  • Istanbul 2000, Ukraine board 1, 9/14 (+4 −0 =10), team bronze
  • Bled 2002, Ukraine board 2, 9/14 (+4 −0 =10)
  • Calvià 2004, Ukraine board 1, 9½/13 (+6 −0 =7), team gold, board bronze
  • Turin 2006, Ukraine board 1, 8/13 (+4 −1 =8)
  • Dresden 2008, Ukraine board 1, 6/11 (+3 −2 =6)
  • Khanty-Mansiysk 2010, Ukraine board 1, 8/10 (+7 −1 =2), team gold, board gold

Notable Games[edit]

  • Ivanchuk vs Kasparov, Linares 1991

At round one of Linares in 1991 the then only 21 year old Ivanchuk gives up both his bishops for knights and then boxes Kasparov, then world champion, into complete passivity. [20] A video commentary here:- [21]

Personal life[edit]

Ivanchuk was first married to chess Woman Grandmaster Alisa Galliamova. On November 18, 2006, he married for the second time.[22]

In 2011, Ivanchuk and his second wife were mugged by unnamed assailants the day they were set to leave from São Paulo, Brazil on a plane bound for Spain to finish the second half of the Bilbao Grand Slam Masters tournament. The muggers took the couple's money, identification, including passports, and cellular telephones, forcing Ivanchuk's wife to return to Ukraine. Ivanchuk threatened to withdraw from the tournament altogether, but his wife convinced him to continue. He had been leading in the tournament before this event, but did not play as well in the second half of the tournament.[23]

Doping test controversy[edit]

Ivanchuk was playing on board 1 for Ukraine in the 2008 Chess Olympiad held in Dresden. Going into the last round Ukraine was second with decent chances of placing 1st, and only a strong loss against a 10th-seeded USA would leave them without a medal. Ivanchuk was chosen to be tested for illegal substances in his system immediately after the last round.

In a major upset, the USA defeated Ukraine 3½ to ½ with Ivanchuk losing his game against GM Gata Kamsky, causing Ukraine to fall to fourth and miss out on a medal. Ivanchuk was in such a distraught state after the game that he was seen "kicking a large concrete pillar" with such fury that bystanders were surprised he did not break any toes. When the officials tried to get Ivanchuk to participate in the doping control, he refused and stormed out. Missing the test is equivalent to being tested positive under the rules and could have resulted in a 2-year ban. Had it been enforced, its effect might have been minimal as many major tournaments are not under the control of FIDE and would likely still invite a player of Ivanchuk's caliber.[citation needed]

Under FIDE rules, a player found guilty of doping charges automatically forfeits all his or her games in the event concerned. This had previously happened to two amateur players who refused doping tests in the 2004 Chess Olympiad in Majorca. There was speculation that if this rule were applied to Ivanchuk, it would result in the USA's bronze medal being stripped and awarded to Hungary due to a change in tie-breaks.[24]

Ivanchuk was eventually found innocent of the charges, on the basis that he was not informed of the need for the doping test beforehand by a Doping Control Officer, in accordance with correct FIDE procedure, and that in his distraught frame of mind, he had not fully understood the arbiter's request.[25]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "All Time Rating List". Chess.eusa.ed.ac.uk. Retrieved 2011-10-20. 
  2. ^ "FIDE Top 100, July 2009". Ratings.fide.com. Retrieved 2011-10-20. 
  3. ^ "FIDE Top 100, September 2009". Ratings.fide.com. Retrieved 2011-10-20. 
  4. ^ Ivanchuk wins World Blitz Championship, Anand second, Chessbase, November 22, 2007
  5. ^ "Vassily Ivanchuk awarded the Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise IV degree". Chessdom. August 28, 2011. Retrieved August 29, 2011. 
  6. ^ Adelaide (U20 World Championship), 1988, Chessmetrics
  7. ^ All Time Rankings, includes FIDE top 10 1970–1997
  8. ^ Just How Much Wood Can a Woodchuck Chuck, Chucky? – a report on Ivanchuk at Linares, Chessbase, March 2, 2002
  9. ^ Ivanchuk-Kasparov, Linares 1991, chessgames.com
  10. ^ Corus 2006 Preview, The Week in Chess
  11. ^ From a Fresh Start to a New Dawn – Part 2, Yasser Seirawan, 2002
  12. ^ "Tournament standings". FIDE. Retrieved 6 April 2013. 
  13. ^ Doggers, Peter (13 March 2013). "FIDE Candidates: Predictions". ChessVibes. Retrieved 30 June 2013. 
  14. ^ "KC-Conference with Judit Polgar". Crestbook. Retrieved 2014-12-01. 
  15. ^ Anand interview in Indiaexpress.com, dead link in July 2008
  16. ^ "Ivanchuk threatens to quit professional chess". November 26, 2009. Retrieved January 12, 2013. 
  17. ^ "Chess in Khanty-Mansiysk". Archived from the original on November 29, 2009. 
  18. ^ "Ivanchuk: Sorry, I am not quitting chess". November 30, 2009. Retrieved November 30, 2009. 
  19. ^ [1][dead link]
  20. ^ "Vassily Ivanchuk vs Garry Kasparov (1991) "Chess Boxing"". Chessgames.com. Retrieved 2014-12-01. 
  21. ^ "Vassily Ivanchuk's Amazing Immortal Sicilian Defence Crush vs Kasparov in Linares 1991". YouTube. 2007-12-07. Retrieved 2014-12-01. 
  22. ^ "В своей модели жизни удалось объединить игру и цирк" (= "In my life model I unified game and circus" in Russian), Interview by Evgeny Surow, chess-news.ru
  23. ^ "São Paulo Masters – Highway robbery in São Paulo! | Chess News". Chessbase.com. 2011-10-04. Retrieved 2014-12-01. 
  24. ^ Olympiad Dresden: The Ivanchuk Files, Chessbase, December 2, 2008
  25. ^ "Decision of the FIDE doping hearing panel". Fide.com. January 22, 2009. Retrieved 2011-10-20. 

External links[edit]

Awards
Preceded by
Alexander Grischuk
World Blitz Chess Champion
2007
Succeeded by
Leinier Dominguez