Vastus intermedius muscle

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Vastus intermedius muscle
Illu lower extremity muscles.jpg
Muscles of lower extremity
Latin Musculus vastus intermedius
Gray's p.471
Origin antero/ lateral femur
Insertion Quadriceps tendon
Artery femoral artery
Nerve femoral nerve
Actions Extension of knee joint
Anatomical terms of muscle

The vastus intermedius (/ˈvæstəs ˌɪntərˈmdi.əs/) (Cruraeus) arises from the front and lateral surfaces of the body of the femur in its upper two-thirds, sitting under the rectus femoris muscle and from the lower part of the lateral intermuscular septum. Its fibers end in a superficial aponeurosis, which forms the deep part of the quadriceps femoris tendon.

The vastus medialis and vastus intermedius appear to be inseparably united, but when the rectus femoris has been reflected[when defined as?] a narrow interval will be observed extending upward from the medial border of the patella between the two muscles, and the separation may be continued as far as the lower part of the intertrochanteric line, where, however, the two muscles are frequently continuous.

Due to being the deeper middle-most of the quadriceps muscle group, the intermedius is the most difficult to stretch once maximum knee flexion is attained. It cannot be further stretched by hip extension as the rectus femoris can, nor is it accessible to manipulate with massage therapy to stretch the fibres sideways as the vastus lateralis and vastus medialis are.

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This article incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy.