Vasyugan Swamp

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Vasyugan swamp in Tomsk region

The Vasyugan Swamp (Russian: Васюганские болота) is the largest swamp in the northern hemisphere. It is located in Russia, in southwestern Siberia.

The swamp is a major reservoir of fresh water for the region, Vasyugan river finds its source there. It is home to a number of endangered species which is a concern among local environmentalists as the production of oil and gas has become a major industry in the region.

Location[edit]

Coordinates: 57°34′N 75°39′E / 57.567°N 75.650°E / 57.567; 75.650

Vasyugan swamp
Vasyugan swamp
Vasyugan swamp (Russia)

It occupies 53,000 km²,[1] which is about 2% of the whole area of peat bogs of the world. The swamp is located in the Novosibirsk, Omsk, and Tomsk regions of Russia along the west bank of the Ob River, and stretches between latitudes 55°35' and 58°40' North, and longitudes 74°30' and 83°30' East.

History[edit]

It appeared nearly 10 thousand years ago and from that time the bogs have constantly increased. 75% of the contemporary area became waterlogged less than 500 years ago.[2]

Climate[edit]

The swamp has a continental climate (Walter system) or taiga (WWF system),[3] with long cold winters and short hot summers.

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

http://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/5114/