Vaumarcus

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Vaumarcus
Vaumarcus Castle
Vaumarcus Castle
Coat of arms of Vaumarcus
Coat of arms
Vaumarcus is located in Switzerland
Vaumarcus
Vaumarcus
Coordinates: 46°53′N 6°45′E / 46.883°N 6.750°E / 46.883; 6.750Coordinates: 46°53′N 6°45′E / 46.883°N 6.750°E / 46.883; 6.750
Country Switzerland
Canton Neuchâtel
District Boudry
Area[1]
 • Total 1.78 km2 (0.69 sq mi)
Elevation 447 m (1,467 ft)
Population (Dec 2013[2])
 • Total 265
 • Density 150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Postal code 2028
SFOS number 6415
Surrounded by Châbles (FR), Concise (VD), Estavayer-le-Lac (FR), Font (FR), Fresens, Mutrux (VD), Saint-Aubin-Sauges
Twin towns Vira (Gambarogno) (Switzerland)
Website http://www.vaumarcus.ch
SFSO statistics

Vaumarcus is a municipality in the district of Boudry in the canton of Neuchâtel in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Vaumarcus is first mentioned in 1227 as Valmarcuel.[3]

It was created in 1875 as a merger of Vaumarcus and Vernéaz, and was called Vaumarcus-Vernéaz until 1966.[4]

Geography[edit]

Railroad near Vaumarcus

Vaumarcus has an area, as of 2009, of 1.8 square kilometers (0.69 sq mi). Of this area, 1.05 km2 (0.41 sq mi) or 59.0% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.42 km2 (0.16 sq mi) or 23.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.3 km2 (0.12 sq mi) or 16.9% is settled (buildings or roads) and 0.01 km2 (2.5 acres) or 0.6% is unproductive land.[5]

Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 7.9% and transportation infrastructure made up 7.9%. Power and water infrastructure as well as other special developed areas made up 1.1% of the area Out of the forested land, all of the forested land area is covered with heavy forests. Of the agricultural land, 33.7% is used for growing crops and 13.5% is pastures, while 11.8% is used for orchards or vine crops.[5]

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Azure, between three Crosses couped Argent on a Chevron of the same three Roses Gules,[6]

Demographics[edit]

Vaumarcus has a population (as of December 2013) of 265.[2] As of 2008, 16.9% of the population are resident foreign nationals.[7] Over the last 10 years (2000–2010 ) the population has changed at a rate of 22.1%. It has changed at a rate of 13.1% due to migration and at a rate of 8.9% due to births and deaths.[8]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks French (178 or 93.2%) as their first language, German is the second most common (7 or 3.7%) and Italian is the third (4 or 2.1%).[9]

As of 2008, the population was 50.2% male and 49.8% female. The population was made up of 110 Swiss men (41.5% of the population) and 23 (8.7%) non-Swiss men. There were 110 Swiss women (41.5%) and 22 (8.3%) non-Swiss women.[10] Of the population in the municipality, 49 or about 25.7% were born in Vaumarcus and lived there in 2000. There were 59 or 30.9% who were born in the same canton, while 54 or 28.3% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 26 or 13.6% were born outside of Switzerland.[9]

As of 2000, children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 25.7% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 61.3% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 13.1%.[8]

As of 2000, there were 69 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 105 married individuals, 11 widows or widowers and 6 individuals who are divorced.[9]

As of 2000, there were 77 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.4 persons per household.[8] There were 21 households that consist of only one person and 5 households with five or more people. In 2000, a total of 74 apartments (81.3% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 14 apartments (15.4%) were seasonally occupied and 3 apartments (3.3%) were empty.[11]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[3][12]

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

La Redoute Des Bourguignons, a prehistoric site and hallstatt tumulus is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[13]

Politics[edit]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 25.77% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the LPS Party (23.13%), the SP (19.82%) and the FDP (16.52%). In the federal election, a total of 96 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 56.5%.[14]

Economy[edit]

As of 2010, Vaumarcus had an unemployment rate of 4.4%. As of 2008, there were 22 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 6 businesses involved in this sector. 36 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 6 businesses in this sector. 60 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 11 businesses in this sector.[8] There were 99 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 39.4% of the workforce.

In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 97. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 15, all of which were in agriculture. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 30 of which 28 or (93.3%) were in manufacturing and 1 was in construction. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 52. In the tertiary sector; 27 or 51.9% were in wholesale or retail sales or the repair of motor vehicles, 13 or 25.0% were in a hotel or restaurant, 3 or 5.8% were technical professionals or scientists, 1 was in education.[15]

In 2000, there were 102 workers who commuted into the municipality and 58 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net importer of workers, with about 1.8 workers entering the municipality for every one leaving.[16] Of the working population, 3% used public transportation to get to work, and 64.6% used a private car.[8]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 31 or 16.2% were Roman Catholic, while 109 or 57.1% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there was 1 individual who belongs to the Christian Catholic Church, and there was 1 individual who belongs to another Christian church. There was 1 individual who was Islamic. 43 (or about 22.51% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 5 individuals (or about 2.62% of the population) did not answer the question.[9]

Education[edit]

In Vaumarcus about 79 or (41.4%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 36 or (18.8%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 36 who completed tertiary schooling, 61.1% were Swiss men, 30.6% were Swiss women.[9]

In the canton of Neuchâtel most municipalities provide two years of non-mandatory kindergarten, followed by five years of mandatory primary education. The next four years of mandatory secondary education is provided at thirteen larger secondary schools, which many students travel out of their home municipality to attend.[17] The kindergarten in Vaumarcus is combined with St-Aubin-Sauges. During the 2010-11 school year, there were 3 kindergarten classes with a total of 50 students between the municipalities. In the same year, there was one primary class with a total of 17 students.[18]

As of 2000, there were 15 students from Vaumarcus who attended schools outside the municipality.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  3. ^ a b Vaumarcus in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 19 July 2011
  5. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010
  6. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 20-October-2011
  7. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Superweb database - Gemeinde Statistics 1981-2008 (German) accessed 19 June 2010
  8. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 20-October-2011
  9. ^ a b c d e STAT-TAB Datenwürfel für Thema 40.3 - 2000 (German) accessed 2 February 2011
  10. ^ Canton of Neuchatel Statistics, République et canton de Neuchâtel - Recensement annuel de la population (German) accessed 13 October 2011
  11. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Datenwürfel für Thema 09.2 - Gebäude und Wohnungen (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  12. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 (German) accessed 29 January 2011
  13. ^ "Kantonsliste A-Objekte". KGS Inventar (in German). Federal Office of Civil Protection. 2009. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  14. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Nationalratswahlen 2007: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung, nach Gemeinden/Bezirk/Canton (German) accessed 28 May 2010
  15. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Betriebszählung: Arbeitsstätten nach Gemeinde und NOGA 2008 (Abschnitte), Sektoren 1-3 (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  16. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Statweb (German) accessed 24 June 2010
  17. ^ EDK/CDIP/IDES (2010). Kantonale Schulstrukturen in der Schweiz und im Fürstentum Liechtenstein / Structures Scolaires Cantonales en Suisse et Dans la Principauté du Liechtenstein (Report). http://edudoc.ch/record/35128/files/Schulsystem_alle.pdf. Retrieved 24 June 2010.
  18. ^ Statistical Department of the Canton of Neuchâtel Mémento de l'année scolaire 2010/2011 (French) accessed 17 October 2011