Vauquelinia

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Vauquelinia
Vauquelinia californica 1.jpg
Vauquelinia californica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae[1]
Tribe: Maleae
Genus: Vauquelinia
Corrêa ex Bonpl.[2]
Species

Vauquelinia californica
Vauquelinia corymbosa

Vauquelinia, commonly known as the rosewoods, is a genus of the rose family Rosaceae. It consists of two species of shrubs found in the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico. The genus was named for French chemist Louis Nicolas Vauquelin (1763-1829).

V. californica is of some interest as an ornamental.

Taxonomic history[edit]

Vauquelinia, along with Lindleya and Kageneckia were formerly placed in family Quillajaceae, and have dry dehiscent fruit.[3] Unlike the pome-fruited members of tribe Maleae within the Rosaceae, which share a base chromosome number of 17 with Lindleya and Kageneckia, Vauquelinia has a base chromosome number of 15.[4]

Species[edit]

  • Vauquelinia californica (Torr.) Sarg. – Arizona Rosewood
    • Vauquelinia californica ssp. californica
    • Vauquelinia californica ssp. pauciflora (Standl.) Hess & Henrickson
  • Vauquelinia corymbosa Humb. & Bonpl. – Slimleaf Rosewood
    • Vauquelinia corymbosa ssp. angustifolia (Rydb.) Hess & Henrickson
    • Vauquelinia corymbosa ssp. corymbosa[5][6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Potter, D.; Eriksson, T.; Evans, R. C.; Oh, S.; Smedmark, J. E. E.; Morgan, D. R.; Kerr, M.; Robertson, K. R. et al. (2007). "Phylogeny and classification of Rosaceae". Plant Systematics and Evolution 266 (1–2): 5–43. doi:10.1007/s00606-007-0539-9.  [Referring to the subfamily by the name "Spiraeoideae"]
  2. ^ "Genus: Vauquelinia Corrêa ex Bonpl.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2008-03-03. Retrieved 2012-04-19. 
  3. ^ Evans, R.C.; Campbell, C.S.; Campbell (2002). "The origin of the apple subfamily (Rosaceae: Maloideae) is clarified by DNA sequence data from duplicated GBSSI Genes". American Journal of Botany 89 (9): 1478–1484. doi:10.3732/ajb.89.9.1478. PMID 21665749. 
  4. ^ Campbell, C.S.; Evans, R.C.; Morgan, D.R.; Dickinson, T.A.; Arsenault, M.P. (2007). "Phylogeny of subtribe Pyrinae (formerly the Maloideae, Rosaceae): Limited resolution of a complex evolutionary history". Plant Systematics and Evolution 266 (1–2): 119–145. 
  5. ^ "Vauquelinia". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2012-04-19. 
  6. ^ "GRIN Species Records of Vauquelinia". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2012-04-19. 
  7. ^ "Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Genus Vauquelinia Corrêa ex Bonpl.". PLANTS Database. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2012-04-19.