Vaux-Marquenneville

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Vaux-Marquenneville
Blason de Vaux-Marquenneville.svg
Vaux-Marquenneville is located in France
Vaux-Marquenneville
Vaux-Marquenneville
Coordinates: 49°59′08″N 1°47′10″E / 49.9856°N 1.7861°E / 49.9856; 1.7861Coordinates: 49°59′08″N 1°47′10″E / 49.9856°N 1.7861°E / 49.9856; 1.7861
Country France
Region Picardy
Department Somme
Arrondissement Abbeville
Canton Hallencourt
Intercommunality Région d'Hallencourt
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Paul Boutroy
Area
 • Land1 3.97 km2 (1.53 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Population2 78
 • Population2 density 20/km2 (51/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 80783 / 80140
Elevation 70–122 m (230–400 ft)
(avg. 152 m or 499 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Vaux-Marquenneville is a commune in the Somme department in Picardie in northern France.

Geography[edit]

The commune is situated 8 miles (13 km) south of Abbeville, on the D93 road. The name Vaux derives from ‘vale’ or ‘valley’ and Marquenneville comes from the domain of someone called Marca.[1] The inhabitants are known as ’’Vallois’’’

Population[edit]

Historical population of Vaux-Marquenneville
Year 1936 1946 1954 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006
Population 117 83 98 74 78 75 62 72 67 78
From the year 1962 on: No double counting—residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.

History[edit]

Known by many variants of the current name throughout the centuries: 1166: Vaux, 1557 Vaulx, 1757 Vaux 1284 Marquienvilla, 1301 Marchaigneville, 1312 Markaigneville, 1340 Markainneville, 1388 Marquenneville [2]

The Knights Templar were established nearby at Oisemont and had a farm at Vaux[3]

The first known seigneurs were the Riencourt family [3]
In 1790 the commune came under the management of the department of the Somme and in 1793 the town of Vaux was integrated into the arrondissement of Abbeville and the canton of Saint-Maxent.
1801 saw the neighbouring village of Marquenneville join with Vaux.[4]

The town was occupied, as were many French towns and villages, by the German army during World War II. In 1943 work began to build a V1 missile launch ramp at "Le Mont" in Marquenneville.

A German army deserter hid in a hangar under a pile of wheat and after fruitless search by the Wehrmacht, the soldier, with the help of the French Resistance escaped from France to Spain and return to his own home.

In June 1944. the V1 ramps were destroyed by No. 485 Squadron RNZAF. The bombardment lasted one and a half hours (from 15h45 to 17h15).
The village was liberated by a Canadian tank regiment in 1944.
Vaux-Marquenneville received the Croix de guerre with Bronze Star from the Secretary of State for War who said: "This courageous village, badly damaged during the Second World War, was delivered by faith and hard work".

Places of interest[edit]

  • The sixteenth century church.[5] The Riencourt family tomb is inside[3]
  • The war memorial [6] is on the left of the entrance to the church graveyard.
  • The manor[7] with a 17th-century dovecote.
  • Another dovecote of the same period can be found at another farm in the village.[3]
  • The school and mairie[8]
  • 1834: The presbytery serves as a school and communal housing. The annual salary of the teacher was 200 francs.
  • 1838-1855: Renovation of the school.
  • 1861: Separation of boys and girls by a partition.
  • 1873: Collapse of the west side and part of the roof.
  • 1876: Introduction of the municipal library in the school.
  • 1883: Establishment of the Fund Schools.
  • 1889-1890: Construction of the new mixed school (now the mairie).
  • Since the 1960s, the school has been closed but the building is still used as the mairie.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]