Vauxhall (UK Parliament constituency)

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Vauxhall
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Vauxhall in Greater London.
County Greater London
Electorate 73,274 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1950
Member of Parliament Kate Hoey (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Kennington and Lambeth North
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency London

Vauxhall is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1989 by Kate Hoey, a member of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

1950-1974: The Metropolitan Borough of Lambeth wards of Bishop's, Marsh, Oval, Prince's, and Vauxhall.

1974-1983: The London Borough of Lambeth wards of Bishop's, Oval, Prince's, Stockwell, and Vassall.

1983-1997: The London Borough of Lambeth wards of Bishop's, Clapham Town, Ferndale, Larkhall, Oval, Prince's, Stockwell, and Vassall.

1997-2010: The London Borough of Lambeth wards of Angell, Bishop's, Clapham Town, Ferndale, Larkhall, Oval, Prince's, Stockwell, and Vassall.

2010-present: The London Borough of Lambeth wards of Bishop's, Clapham Town, Ferndale, Larkhall, Oval, Prince's, Stockwell, and Vassall.

Vauxhall is wholly within the London Borough of Lambeth. The core of the constituency - unchanged from the former Lambeth North - is delimited by the River Thames to the west and north and the boundary with Southwark to the east.

Constituency profile[edit]

The Vauxhall seat takes in a slice of inner South London in an inverted wedge shape. The northern and north-eastern boundary of the seat is the Thames, but while there is some luxurious residential development by the river, a far higher proportion of housing in the seat is mixed social housing and designated key worker accommodation.

In addition to the area commonly known as Vauxhall it includes the historic core of Lambeth near London Waterloo station and all of Kennington and Stockwell and The Oval cricket ground. The London Eye, South Bank Centre and County Hall are all within the seat.

Since the abolition of the Lambeth Central constituency in 1983, the constituency has also included the northern parts of Clapham and Brixton stretching as far south as Clapham Park Road, Acre Lane and Coldharbour Lane.

Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 higher than the national average of 3.8%, at 5.4% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.[2]

While the neighbouring Battersea seat, a little further upstream, has elected Conservative members of parliament from time to time, Vauxhall has remained safely Labour for more than six decades since its creation, though since 1989 it has been represented by, in Kate Hoey, one of the most moderate Labour members.

History[edit]

Vauxhall in the Parliamentary County of London from 1950 to 1974

The area has since the 1918 largely voted for left-wing Members of Parliament. The former seat of Lambeth North and the Vauxhall seat (first contested in 1950) have been represented by Labour members apart from 1931 to 1934.

Unusually for the Cold War, Margot Heinemann stood as a communist candidate for the constituency in the 1950 General Election.[3]

The 1989 by-election (see separate article) was notable for the large number of candidates and the tensions that it caused in the local Labour Party due to the selection of Kate Hoey as the official candidate.

Continuing a history as a safe seat, since her 1989 election, Ms Hoey has consistently achieved majorities of more than 9,000 votes and the runner-up has been a Liberal Democrat.

Recent local electoral results

The local government wards in the constituency are currently entirely represented by Labour on Lambeth London Borough Council. A single Conservative represented Clapham Town ward from 2002 until losing the seat in the 2006 Council Elections.

Prominent frontbenchers

George Strauss was appointed Minister of Supply from 1947 to 1951 during the Attlee Ministry. Kate Hoey was Minister for Sport (1999-2001) during the Blair Ministry.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[4] Party
1950 George Strauss Labour
1979 Stuart Holland Labour
1989 by-election Kate Hoey Labour

Elections[edit]

General Election 2015: Vauxhall [5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative James Bellis
Pirate Mark Chapman
Labour Kate Hoey
Liberal Democrat Adrian Trett

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Kate Hoey 21,498 49.8 -2.0
Liberal Democrat Caroline Pidgeon 10,847 25.1 -2.1
Conservative Glyn Chambers 9,301 21.5 +7.0
Green Joseph Healy 708 1.6 -2.8
English Democrats Jose Navarro 289 0.7 +0.1
Christian Lana Martin 200 0.5 N/A
Socialist (GB) Daniel Lambert 143 0.3 -0.3
Workers Power Jeremy Drinkall 109 0.3 N/A
Animal Protection James Kapetanos 96 0.2 N/A
Majority 10,651 24.7
Turnout 43,191 57.7 +9.3
Labour hold Swing +0.1

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Kate Hoey 19,744 52.9 -6.2
Liberal Democrat Charles Anglin 9,767 26.1 +6.0
Conservative Edward Heckels 5,405 14.5 +1.1
Green Tim Summers 1,705 4.6 +0.2
UKIP Robert McWhirter 271 0.7 N/A
Socialist (GB) Daniel Lambert 240 0.6 N/A
English Democrats Janus Polenceus 221 0.6 N/A
Majority 9,977 26.7
Turnout 37,363 46.9 +2.1
Labour hold Swing
General Election 2001: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Kate Hoey 19,738 59.1 -4.7
Liberal Democrat Anthony Bottrall 6,720 20.1 +4.1
Conservative Gareth Compton 4,489 13.4 -1.8
Green Shane Collins 1,485 4.4 +2.2
Socialist Alliance Theresa Bennett 853 2.6 N/A
Independent Martin Boyd 107 0.3 N/A
Majority 13,018 39.0
Turnout 33,392 44.8 -10.6
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Kate Hoey 24,920 63.8 +7.7
Liberal Democrat Keith Kerr 6,260 16.0 +1.6
Conservative Richard Bacon 5,952 15.2 -11.4
Socialist Labour Ian Driver 983 2.5 N/A
Green Shane Collins 862 2.2 N/A
Socialist (GB) Richard Headicar 97 0.3 N/A
Majority 18,660 47.8
Turnout 55.5
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1992: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Kate Hoey 21,328 54.8
Conservative Bernard Gentry 10,840 27.8
Liberal Democrat Mike Tuffrey 5,678 14.58
Green Penny Shepherd 803 2.1
Independent A Khan 156 0.4
Revolutionary Communist S. Hill 152 0.4
Majority 10,488 26.9
Turnout 62.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

Vauxhall by-election, 1989
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Kate Hoey 15,191 52.7 2.5
Conservative Michael Keegan 5,425 18.8 -10.2
Social and Liberal Democrats Mike Tuffrey 5,043 17.5 -0.7
Green Henry Bewley 1,767 6.1 +4.3
The People's Candidate Rev. Hewie Andrew 302 1.1
The Greens Dominic Allen 264 0.9
Independent Rudy Narayan 179 0.6
Revolutionary Communist Don Milligan 177 0.6
Official National Front Patrick Harrington 127 0.4
Monster Raving Loony Screaming Lord Sutch 106 0.4
Christian Alliance David Black 86 0.3
National Front Edward Budden 83 0.3
Fellowship Rev. Geoffrey Rolph 24 0.1
Leveller Party William Scola 21 0.1
Majority 9,766 33.9
Turnout 28,795 44.4 -19.6
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1987: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Stuart Holland 21,364 50.2
Conservative David Lidington 12,345 29.0
Social Democratic S.H.V. Acland 7,764 18.2
Green J Owens 770 1.8
Communist Dave Cook 223 0.5
Red Front K Oluremi 117 0.3
Majority 9,019 21.2
Turnout 64.0
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Stuart Holland 18,234 46.5
Conservative K Manning 10,454 26.7
Social Democratic Roger Liddle[6] 9,515 24.3
National Front J. Wright 508 1.3
Monster Raving Loony P. Lingard 266 0.7
Communist Dave Cook 199 0.5
Workers Party G Shorter 38 0.1
Majority 7,780 19.9
Turnout 64.5
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Stuart Holland 13,058 52.4
Conservative Philip Linnell Heslop 8,358 33.6
Liberal F Harrison 1,842 7.4
National Front V Atkinson 879 3.6
Labour Alliance Party D Elliot 565 2.3
Workers Revolutionary S Hannigan 153 0.6
Democratic Monarchist Public Safety White Resident Bill Boaks 44 0.2
Majority 4,700 18.9
Turnout 62.5
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Strauss 15,493 63.2
Conservative Victor MacColl 5,727 23.4
Liberal Edward Cousins 3,300 13.5
Majority 9,766 39.8
Turnout 52.7
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Strauss 16,135 52.4
Conservative Margaret Marshall 7,494 26.1
Liberal Edward Cousins 5,139 17.9
Majority 8,641 30.0
Turnout 62.2
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Strauss 13,046 63.6
Conservative Clive W Jones 7,477 36.4
Majority 5,569 27.1
Turnout 54.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Strauss 15,233 66.6
Conservative Spencer le Marchant 7,645 33.4
Majority 7,588 33.2
Turnout 58.6
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Strauss 15,458 64.11
Conservative David William Stennis Stuart Lane 8,653 35.89
Majority 6,805 28.22
Turnout 59.18
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Russell Strauss 18,437 61.98
Conservative Ann Elizabeth Oldfield Havers 11,312 38.02
Majority 7,125 23.95
Turnout 23.95
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Russell Strauss 19,220 64.69
Conservative Edwin H. Lee 10,492 35.31
Majority 8,728 29.38
Turnout 62.74
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Russell Strauss 24,217 65.84
Conservative Edwin H. Lee 12,564 34.16
Majority 11,653 31.68
Turnout 73.65
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: Vauxhall
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Russell Strauss 23,988 62.5
Conservative Alfred Frank Lockwood 10,618 27.7
Liberal Walter Stanley Dyer 3,251 8.5
Communist Margot Claire Heinemann 508 1.3
Majority 13,370 34.9
Turnout 75.7
Labour win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.

References[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Thirsk and Malton
Constituency represented by the Father of the House
1974–1979
Succeeded by
Dagenham

Coordinates: 51°28′55″N 0°07′08″W / 51.482°N 0.119°W / 51.482; -0.119