Rodolia cardinalis

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Rodolia cardinalis
Rodolia cardinalis.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Coleoptera
Family: Coccinellidae
Subfamily: Coccidulinae
Tribe: Noviini
Genus: Rodolia
Species: R. cardinalis
Binomial name
Rodolia cardinalis
(Mulsant, 1850)

Rodolia cardinalis (common names vedalia beetle[1] or cardinal ladybird) is a species of ladybird beetle that is sometimes described as endemic to Australia.[1]

As introduced biological control agent[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

R. cardinalis was accidentally introduced to New Zealand, though they are no longer very common.[2] An outbreak of cottony cushion scale in California took place in the late 19th century, which led to some being imported from New Zealand in 1888 to help protect citrus trees.[2] They are red with black markings, and about 4mm long.[2]

California[edit]

R. cardinalis was introduced into Californian citrus orchards in late 1888.[1][2]

Description[edit]

The adult has a semispherical body, 2-4mm long, covered with dense, short hairs. It is reddish-purple with black spots localized in several parts of its body, forming a net of contours between the spots. The head, posterior part of the prothorax across the full width, and the scutellum are all black.

There are typically five black spots on the elytron. Four of those are arranged on the dorso-lateral part of the elytron. The two anterior spots form an roughly half-moon shaped oval with the convexity directed towards the suture of the elytron. The two posterior ones make a more irregular shape, formed by the intersection of two circular spots. Finally, the fifth spot covers the length of the elytron's suture, englarging towards the posterior stretch.

The antenna are short and slightly clubbed, composed of 8 items, of which the proximal is markedly pulled aside. The legs have an extended and irregularly flattened tibia, forming a space housing the tarsus when at rest. The tarsus is composed of 3 tarsomeri.

The larva is around 5mm long, coloured the same red as the mature beetle, with black spots on the thorax. The left side has a series of tubercles, each with short bristles on. The pupa is 4-5mm long. It is a red which darkens with age in as the abdomen darkens.

Diet[edit]

R. Cardinalis regularly feed on aphids and small mites, which makes them good as biological control agents. They are only predatory to things smaller than them. Most of their food is herbivores, as carnivores are more likely to injure them as they are slow. Their flying capacities are limited so hunting in the air is not possible.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Vedalia Beetle, Rodolia cardinalis". www.nysaes.cornell.edu Cornell. 2008-01-30. Retrieved 2009-05-13. 
  2. ^ a b c d Crowe, A. (2002). Which New Zealand Insect?. Auckland, N.Z.: Penguin. p. 47. ISBN 0-14-100636-6.