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The Vedanga (vedāṅga, "limbs of the Veda") are six auxiliary disciplines traditionally associated with the study and understanding of the Vedas.
- Shiksha (śikṣā): phonetics, phonology and morphophonology (sandhi)
- Kalpa (kalpa): ritual
- Vyakarana (vyākaraṇa): grammar
- Nirukta (nirukta): etymology
- Chandas (chandas): meter
- Jyotisha (jyotiṣa): Time measurement, forecasting movement of Sun, Moon and planetary movement, astronomy
Traditionally, vyakarana and nirukta are common to all four vedas, while each veda has its own shiksha, chandas, kalpa and jyotisha texts.
- Moritz Winternitz: Geschichte der Indischen Literatur, Leipzig, 1905 - 1922, Vol. I - III. English translation: History of Indian Literature, Motilal Barnarsidass, Delhi, 1985, Vol I - III
- Vedanga on the online Hindu Encyclopedia
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