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The Vedanga (vedāṅga, "limbs of the Veda") are six auxiliary disciplines traditionally associated with the study and understanding of the Vedas.
- Shiksha (śikṣā): phonetics, phonology and morphophonology (sandhi)
- Kalpa (kalpa): ritual
- Vyakarana (vyākaraṇa): grammar
- Nirukta (nirukta): etymology
- Chandas (chandas): meter
- Jyotisha (jyotiṣa): Time determination part of which is (Phala Jyotisha)Astrology
Traditionally, vyakarana and nirukta are common to all four vedas, while each veda has its own shiksha, chandas, kalpa and jyotisha texts.
- Moritz Winternitz: Geschichte der Indischen Literatur, Leipzig, 1905 - 1922, Vol. I - III. English translation: History of Indian Literature, Motilal Barnarsidass, Delhi, 1985, Vol I - III
- Vedanga on the online Hindu Encyclopedia
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