Veerapandiya Kattabomman (film)
|Directed by||B. R. Panthulu|
|Produced by||B. R. Panthulu|
|Written by||Sakthi T. K. Krishnasamy|
|Screenplay by||Ma. Po. Sivagnanam|
|Story by||Sakthi T. K. Krishnasamy|
by Sivaji Nadaga Mandram
V. K. Ramasamy
|Music by||G. Ramanathan|
|Cinematography||W. R. Subbarao
|Edited by||R. Devarajan|
|Distributed by||Padmini Pictures|
Veerapandiya Kattabomman (English: The Brave Kattabomman) is a 1959 Tamil feature film written by Sakthi T. K. Krishnasamy and directed by B. R. Panthulu. The cast includes Sivaji Ganesan, Gemini Ganesan, Padmini, S. Varalakshmi, and V. K. Ramasamy. Veerapandiya Kattabomman is based on the story of the eponymous Tamil chieftain who rose in rebellion against the East India Company and fought with alien combination. One of the earliest freedom fighters of India he laid his life in sacrifice at the altar of freedom of his motherland.This film was dubbed in Telugu (Veerapandya Kattabrahmana 1959) and Hindi (Amar Shaheed 1960). Sivaji`s performance won him an international award at the Egypt Film Festival. Veerapandiya Kattabomman is notable for being the first Tamil film to be shot in Technicolor. This movie ran 100 days in 28 theatres. It was the first Indian film to receive international awards for Best Film, Best Actor and Best Music Director at the Afro Asian Film Festival in Cairo in 1960.
Veerapandiya Kattabomman is the Rajah of Panchalankurichi in the extreme south of India — a brave fighter and a devotee of his family deity, Lord Subrahmaniya of Tiruchendur. On receiving the news of loot and arson in his territory, he himself sets out in disguise to encounter the robbers. The robbers are captured and they confess that they had been hired by the British to create unrest in his domain. They also tell him that the British had enticed the neighbouring chieftain Ettayappan to help their endeavour to annex Panchalankurichi.
Ettayappan is promised by the British an addition of two villages to his land as a price for his betrayal. Ettayappan goes in disguise to Kattabomman's court and tries to frighten him with his account of the omnipotence of the British. Kattabomman is indignant and tears out the mask of Ettayappan but spares him because he had come to his court as an ambassador. At Chayalkudi, a village near Panchalamkurichi, lives a beautiful damsel, Vellaiamma, who would marry the man who tames her bull, a proud pet. She takes her bull for participation in the games to be held at Panchalamkurichi under the patronage of the king. No-one dare touch Vellaiamma's bull. At Kattabomman's call, his Commander-in-chief Vellaiathevan, comes forward, subdues the bull and gets the prize — the hands of the beautiful Vellaiamma.
Kattabomman is delivered a message from the collector Jackson that he should meet him on an appointed day, following which he would be deprived of his kingdom. Davison, a British friend of Kattabomman advises him to go and see the collector. Jackson, finding that Kattabomman has come to see him with his troops, changes his camp from place to place and finally meets him at Ramnad. In the interview, Jackson insults him and orders his arrest. Though surrounded by the British troops, Kattabmman fights his way out and joins his troops. But his Minister is captured by the British.
Some time after, the Minister is released. He brings the news that Jackson has been transferred home on the advice of Davison. Life in Panchalamkurichi goes on with the usual gaiety. At Kattabomman's court, a British messenger comes and reports that the Minister and his men have looted their granaries and killed their men at Srivaikuntam. The Minister justifies his act, by saying that he instructed his men to do it as there was a shortage of food grains due to the British amassing all rice in their granary.
The king accuses him of injustice and he is ashamed of his Minister's acts. The Minister apologises and offers himself as a fugitive to the messenger, whose soldiers are about to handcuff the Minister. But Kattabomman is infuriated and cries that he will never betray his Minister and fail in his duty as a king. The messenger hangs down head in shame and walks out. The king's brother Oomaithurai says that the British will start attacking them. A spy is sent by Kattabomman to the enemy camp and discloses the plans which Ettayappan has drawn up for the British forces for launching an attack on Panchalamkurichi on the day of the festival at Tiruchendur when Kattabomman and most of the people would be away from the capital. Kattabomman gets prepared to meet the enemy.
On the day of the battle, Vellaiamma pleads Vellaiathevan not to go for fighting because the previous night she has had bad dream and seen evil omens in those dreams. Notwithstanding her entreaties, Vellaiathevan sets out for the battle, and so does Kattabomman. The British win because of their brutal strength. Vellaiathevan is killed, and Vellaiamma seeks out under cover of night, the man who killed her husband and avenges her husband's death by killing him. Crawling back, she falls dead on her husband's corpse.
Kattabomman is wounded in the neck. He is, however saved by his devoted followers, who take him to the adjoining kingdom of Kovilapatti. The old woman who protects the royal brothers, sends the prying soldiers away with a clever ruse. Minister Thanapati misleads the British soldiers who are on the trial of Kattabomman by dressing himself as the chief. From Kovilapatti, Kattabomman and his brother flee to Pudhukottai. Rajah of Pudhukottai, afraid of the British, instructs his men to capture Kattabomman. Kattabomman is captured and taken to the British. Undaunted Kattabomman faces a trial by the British and is hanged.
- Sivaji Ganesan as Veerapandiya Kattabomman
- Gemini Ganesan as Vellaiyathevan
- Padmini as Vellaiyammal
- S. Varalakshmi as Jakkamma
- O. A. K. Thevar as Oomaithurai
- Ragini as Sundaravadivu
- C. R. Parthibhan as Jackson Durai [Lord Jackson]
- M. R. Santhanam as Thaanapathi Pillai
- A. Karunanidhi as Sundaralingam
- T. P. Muthulakshmi as Kamakshi
- V. K. Ramasamy as Ettappan
- Kuladeivaam V. R. Rajagopal as Kariappan
- Tambaram Lalitha as Valli
- Javar Seetharaman as Bannerman
- Baby Kanchana as Meena
- Produced: B. R. Panthulu
- Directed: B. R. Panthulu
- Music : G. Ramanathan
- Lyrics : Ku. Ma. Balasubramaniam
- Story: Sakthi T. K. Krishnasamy
- Screenplay: Ma. Po. Sivagnanam, Sakthi T. K. Krishnasamy, B. R. Panthulu, Sivaji Ganesan, P. A. Kumar, K. Singamuthu & S. Krishnaswamy
- Dialogues: Sakthi T. K. Krishnasamy
- Art Director: Ganga
- Editing : R. Devarajan
- Make-up: Haribabu, D. Dhanakodi, R. Rangasamy, M. K. Sreenivasan & P. Krishnaraj
- Hair Designer: D. Dhanakodi & Josephin
- Costumes : M. G. Naidu
- Choreography : Hiralal, P. S. Gopalakrishnan & Madhavan
- Cinematography : W. R. Subbarao & Karnan
- Audiography: P. V. Koteswara Rao
- Dance: Sukumari
Sivaji and Sakthi were travelling via Kayatharu, the place where Kattabomman was hanged, Sivaji expressed a long felt desire of doing a play based on the life of Kattabomman. Sakthi immediately agreed and started to write the play. Sakthi wrote his play in a month and it was launched in Salem on August 29, 1957. Sivaji had invested close to Rs 50,000 in sets and costumes for the play. Kattabomman was a popular play staged 100 times between 1957 and 1959 by Sivaji Ganesan through his Sivaji Nadaga Mandram. Director B. R. Panthulu, on seeing the play, decided to adapt it into a feature film, and hired Sakthi Krishnaswamy to write the dialogues. For the purpose of making the popular play as a film, a "History-Film Format Research Group" was formed under the leadership of Ma. Po. Sivagnanam with Sakthi Krishnasamy, Panthulu, Ganesan, P. A. Kumar, K. Singamuthu and S. Krishnaswamy as members.
C. R. Parthiban was chosen to play the role of the "arrogant British officer" Jackson Durai. Ganesan originally offered the role of the character Vallaithevan to S. S. Rajendran, but he declined it due to his commitment with the film Sivagangai Seemai. He later advised actress Savitri to send her husband Gemini Ganesan to play the role, which she agreed to. Actress Padmini was chosen to play Vallaithevan's love interest Vellaiyamma, and S. Varalakshmi as Kattabomman's wife Jakkamma. O. A. K. Thevar was chosen to play Kattabomman's brother Oomaithurai, and V. K. Ramasamy as the antagonistic Ettappan. Sakthi created the little girl’s character Meena based on his own daughter Mynavathi who had died as a young girl of five. His son remembers that he refused to write the scene of the death of the girl and kept pushing it till they could wait no more. He completed writing the scene sobbing.
Shooting for the film took place at Jaipur. With help from Janakaraja – the man in charge of the cavalry division, the team of Veerapandiya Kattabomman managed to get hold of the cavalry and soldiers for the shot. The film was made in Gevacolor, and then converted to Technicolor at London, to offer superior quality prints. During the making of the film, producer S. S. Vasan was also planning to make Kattabomman as a film and was writing a series in his magazine Vikatan. Ganesan had to personally meet him and request him to drop the plan.
Original CD Cover
|Soundtrack album to Veerapandiya Kattabomman by G. Ramanathan|
|Genre||Feature film soundtrack|
Veerapandiya Kattabomman 's original soundtrack was composed by G. Ramanathan, while the lyrics were written by Ku. Ma. Balasubramaniam. The album became a major breakthrough for P. B. Srinivas, then a struggling playback singer, who was recruited by Ramanathan to sing the track Inbam Pongum Vennila picturised on Gemini Ganesan, with P. Susheela. The song "Pogathe Pogathe" is based on Mukhari Raga. "Inbam Pongum" was remixed by Hiphop Tamizha in Aambala (2015).
|1||Aathukkulle Oothu Vetti||Tiruchy Loganathan, K. Jamuna Rani, V. T. Rajagopal, A. G. Rathinamala||Ku. Ma. Balasubramaniam|
|2||Anjatha Singam En Kaalai||P. Suseela|
|3||Inbam Ponguma Vennila||P. B. Sreenivas, P. Suseela|
|5||Karatha Paalum||T. M. Soundararajan|
|6||Maatu Vandi||T. M. Soundararajan, T. V. Rathinam|
|7||Manam Kanintharul||V. N. Sundharam, S. Varalakshmi|
|8||Pogathe Pogathe||A. G. Rathinamala|
|9||Seermevum Paanchinagar||Seerkazhi Govindarajan, V. N. Sundharam, Tiruchy Loganathan|
|10||Singara Kanne||S. Varalakshmi|
|11||Takku Takku||S. Varalakshmi, P. Suseela, A. P. Komala|
Ananda Vikatan (24.5.1959) said, "Kattabomman will not leave the hearts of the people who have seen it... Sivaji Ganesan has acted so well. This film adds pride to every person born as a Tamilian". L. K. Advani, said, "I have seen the Tamil movie of Veerapandia Kattabomman, acted by Shivaji Ganesan, many times. It is fresh in my memory." IndiaGlitz said, "Shivaji as Kattabomman gives a tremendous act and the scene when Kattabomman confronts Jackson instantly comes into our mind. This movie is sure to give you the Goosebumps with Shivaji's powerful acting and a sense of what rebellion and freedom fighting is." Janani Karthik of The Times of India said, "Watch this [film] for the legendary actor's performance, something that old-timers remember even today".
- 1959: Certificate of Merit for Best Feature Film in Tamil
- For the title role Veerapandiya Kattabomman at the Afro-Asian Festival
- Best Film at Cairo Festival
- G. Ramanathan also won the best music director award in Cairo festival
In 2011, Tamil film historian S. Theodore Baskaran criticised Veerapandiya Kattabomman along with three other films—Thillana Mohanambal, Parthiban Kanavu and 7aum Arivu—because of their historical inaccuracies. He said, "Kattabomman was not even a king. His arsenal had just about three to four guns. All this is well-documented, but the film showed just the opposite".
Hindu wrote: "It is no exaggeration to say that Sivaji's heroic outpouring as Veerapandiya Kattabomman is an integral part of the Tamil cultural psyche". Actor Sivakumar stated that "You can’t reproduce movies like ‘Parasakthi,’ ‘Pasamalar,’ ‘Devadas,’ ‘Veerapandiya Kattabomman’ or ‘Ratha Kanneer. Suhasini listed Veerapandiya Kattabomman as her favourite period films in Tamil. An elephant called Vellaiyammal was named after the character from the film.
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