Aa river in front of the Saint Lambert Church in Veghel
Location in North Brabant
|• Body||Municipal council|
|• Mayor||Ina Adema (VVD)|
|• Municipality||78.92 km2 (30.47 sq mi)|
|• Land||78.16 km2 (30.18 sq mi)|
|• Water||0.76 km2 (0.29 sq mi)|
|Elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|Population (May 2014)|
|• Density||482/km2 (1,250/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Since 1994, Veghel and the neighbouring village of Erp have formed a single municipality.
The first settlements date back to Roman times and were established near the River Aa. In 1310, John II of Brabant granted the inhabitants the right to use common grounds. For some decades in the 16th and 17th century the municipality was ruled by the Lords Van Erp, residing at their castle of Frisselsteijn in Veghel.
In 1648 Veghel became part of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands. As a former part of the Duchy of Brabant, Veghel is situated in the Meierij of 's-Hertogenbosch. As a Catholic village, Veghel (like all the other areas of Brabant and Limburg which were transferred to the Netherlands by the Peace of Westphalia) suffered economic and religious oppression from the Protestant Dutch and was part of the military buffer zone of the Dutch Republic.
It was not until the French wars of 1795 that Veghel formally received freedom of religion again and received a guarantee of full common rights from the Dutch government. In 1810 Veghel became part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. From the middle of the 19th century the agrarian village began developing into an industrial village as a consequence of the opening of the Zuid-Willemsvaart Canal. The construction of large-scale buildings like the neogothic church by Pierre Cuypers and the neoclassical town hall dates from that period. Monastic orders made Veghel a regional centre of health care and education, which it remains to this day.
The period since the 1950s has seen much growth, with the development of new industries and the establishment in Veghel of several international companies. Its shopping centre and marketplace earned the town the name of "Pearl of the Meierij". Veghel is an educational centre for the surrounding district with several secondary schools, a senior secondary vocational school, and one of the oldest higher vocational schools in the area: the Pedagogic Academy, which was founded in 1872.
Population figures as of 1 January 2014, ranked by size:
Every November sees the celebration of the entry of St Nicholas (Sinterklaas). Every two year in June or July The Slokdarmfestival takes place. On 1 September the harbour festival takes place. In February or March the traditional carnival is held.
- The neogothic church of St Lambert and its graveyard containing war graves
- The neorenaissance former town hall
- The neogothic former synagogue (recently rebuilt)
- The Protestant Waterstaat church
- The monastery of the order of the Franciscans with its gardens and church
- Anky van Grunsven, Dressage champion.
- Dillianne van den Boogaard, Former Netherlands international field hockey player.
- Earnie Stewart, Former United States international soccer player.
- Theo Lucius, Former professional footballer for PSV Eindhoven and Feyenoord.
- Theo Maassen, Comedian and actor.
Twin towns - sister cities
Veghel is twinned with:
- "Samenstelling B&W" [Members board of mayor and aldermen] (in Dutch). Gemeente Veghel. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
- "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Postcodetool for 5461KN". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
- "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014.
- "Population per centre as of 01-01-2014". Municipality of Veghel. 1 January 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2014.
- Jos & Cor Swanenberg: Taal in stad en land: Oost-Brabants, ISBN 9012090105