Veghel

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Veghel
Municipality
Veghel Markt Anamorphic.jpg
Veghel Town Hall.jpg Villa Klondike - Veghel, 2014 - 2.JPG
Heilig Hartbeeld, Binnenhaven Veghel.jpg T.T Graansilo CHV-Terrein Veghel - Cropped.jpg Veghel (N-Br, NL) War memorial.JPG
Veghel Rijksmonument 37037 St.Lambertuskerk.JPG Veghel Synagogue.JPG
From top down, left to right: Market Square of Veghel
Former Cantonal Court and Town Hall, Villa Klondike
Sacred Heart, New Objectivity Silo, Airborne Monument
Saint Lambert Church, Former Synagogue of Veghel
Flag of Veghel
Flag
Coat of arms of Veghel
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Veghel in a municipal map of North Brabant
Location in North Brabant
Coordinates: 51°37′N 5°33′E / 51.617°N 5.550°E / 51.617; 5.550Coordinates: 51°37′N 5°33′E / 51.617°N 5.550°E / 51.617; 5.550
Country Netherlands
Province North Brabant
Government[1]
 • Body Municipal council
 • Mayor Ina Adema (VVD)
Area[2]
 • Municipality 78.92 km2 (30.47 sq mi)
 • Land 78.16 km2 (30.18 sq mi)
 • Water 0.76 km2 (0.29 sq mi)
 • Veghel 25.33 km2 (9.78 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 10 m (30 ft)
Population (May 2014)[4]
 • Municipality 37,655
 • Density 482/km2 (1,250/sq mi)
 • Veghel 26,373[a]
 • Veghel density 1,058/km2 (2,740/sq mi)
 • Uden-Veghel 175,119
Demonym Veghelaar
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 5460–5469
Area code 0413
Website www.veghel.nl
Topographic map of Veghel (town), as of March 2014
Aa river in front of the Saint Lambert Church in Veghel
Franciscan nunnery
Villa Klondike, former headquarters of the 501st Parachute Infantry Regiment (101st Airborne Division)
Statue of the Sacred Heart of Jesus at the marina square
Modernist silo by J.G. Wiebenga, part of the New Objectivity movement
Inland port of Veghel
Inland port of Veghel

Veghel (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈvɛɣəl] ( )) is a municipality and a town in the south of the Netherlands.

Since 1994, Veghel and the neighbouring village of Erp have formed a single municipality.

History[edit]

The first settlements date back to Roman times and were established near the River Aa. In 1310, John II of Brabant granted the inhabitants the right to use common grounds. For some decades in the 16th and 17th century the municipality was ruled by the Lords Van Erp, residing at their castle of Frisselsteijn in Veghel.

In 1648 Veghel became part of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands. As a former part of the Duchy of Brabant, Veghel is situated in the Meierij of 's-Hertogenbosch. As a Catholic village, Veghel (like all the other areas of Brabant and Limburg which were transferred to the Netherlands by the Peace of Westphalia) suffered economic and religious oppression from the Protestant Dutch and was part of the military buffer zone of the Dutch Republic.

It was not until the French wars of 1795 that Veghel formally received freedom of religion again and received a guarantee of full common rights from the Dutch government. In 1810 Veghel became part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. From the middle of the 19th century the agrarian village began developing into an industrial village as a consequence of the opening of the Zuid-Willemsvaart Canal. The construction of large-scale buildings like the neogothic church by Pierre Cuypers and the neoclassical town hall dates from that period. Monastic orders made Veghel a regional centre of health care and education, which it remains to this day.

In 1940 Veghel was occupied by German troops. With the beginning of Operation Market Garden in 1944 Veghel was one of the dropping-places for Allied paratroops owing to its strategic location.

The period since the 1950s has seen much growth, with the development of new industries and the establishment in Veghel of several international companies. Its shopping centre and marketplace earned the town the name of "Pearl of the Meierij". Veghel is an educational centre for the surrounding district with several secondary schools, a senior secondary vocational school, and one of the oldest higher vocational schools in the area: the Pedagogic Academy, which was founded in 1872.

Demographics[edit]

Population centres[edit]

Population figures as of 1 January 2014, ranked by size:[5]

Veghel (nl) 26.373
Erp 4.683
Zijtaart (nl) 1.644
Mariaheide (nl) 1.435
Eerde 1.363
Keldonk (nl) 1.205
Boerdonk 775

Language[edit]

The spoken language by the native population is North Meierijs (an East Brabantian dialect, which is very similar to colloquial Dutch).[6]

Local festivals[edit]

Every November sees the celebration of the entry of St Nicholas (Sinterklaas). Every two year in June or July The Slokdarmfestival takes place. On 1 September the harbour festival takes place. In February or March the traditional carnival is held.

Attractions[edit]

  • The neogothic church of St Lambert and its graveyard containing war graves
  • The neorenaissance former town hall
  • The neogothic former synagogue (recently rebuilt)
  • The Protestant Waterstaat church
  • The monastery of the order of the Franciscans with its gardens and church

Notable residents[edit]

Twin towns - sister cities[edit]

Veghel is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Urban Core of Veghel
    - population: 25,138
    - density: 4,035/km2
    Town of Veghel
    - population: 26,373
    - density: 1,058/km2
  1. ^ "Samenstelling B&W" [Members board of mayor and aldermen] (in Dutch). Gemeente Veghel. Retrieved 6 June 2014. 
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 5461KN". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 6 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  5. ^ "Population per centre as of 01-01-2014". Municipality of Veghel. 1 January 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2014. 
  6. ^ Jos & Cor Swanenberg: Taal in stad en land: Oost-Brabants, ISBN 9012090105

External links[edit]