Vehicle registration plates of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Current Bosnia and Herzegovina vehicle registration plate (issued from September 28, 2009)
Current Bosnia and Herzegovina Taxi vehicle registration plate
Old Bosnia and Herzegovina vehicle registration plate (Issued until September 28, 2009, but still in use)

Bosnia and Herzegovina vehicle registration plates have held their current form since 1998. Currently the Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) vehicle registration plate format consists of seven characters: five numbers and two letters arranged in the following order: X00-X-000 (taxis: TX-000000). The plates are uniform across the country and do not denote the place (town, municipality, canton, or entity) where the vehicle is registered, as was the case prior to 1998. Likewise the plates do not contain any heraldic symbols. The plates use only letters which are represented equally in Latin and Cyrillic script (A, E, O, J, K, M, T).

Special plates[edit]

Current Bosnia and Herzegovina temporary registration plate
Current Bosnia and Herzegovina diplomatic plate
  • Working road machine plates had the regional letters at the top, and then numbers. These plates are white in blue plates.
  • Temporary plates had letters "TT" followed by 6 numbers. The letters are colored red. (e.g. TT-000000)
  • Military plates had Eurostrip-like from previous series (XX-nnnnLL) but without the blue background. This plate consists of 5 numbers then one letter (e.g. 00000-X)
  • Diplomatic plates had blue background and yellow font. Unlike previous series, the first group of numbers is two and the letter it can be used is A, C, M and E. (e.g. 00-A-000)
  • EUPM plates use yellow background and the prefix "EUPM" followed by a numbers.
  • Export plates had blue in white background plates with civilian format.
  • UNHCR plates had the prefix "UNHCR" (and numbers) in blue color.
  • Aglicultural vehicles had regional letters at the top, then numbers. Had a white in green plates.
  • UNSF plates had the prefix "SFOR" and the color of the plate black in blue.
  • NATO plates had the prefix "NATO" (emblem as divider) and the color of the plate is black in light green.
  • UN Trailers had the style of "UN 1234T"

History[edit]

The revised registration plates were introduced as an initiative of the International High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina, Carlos Westendorp.[1] In a report from the Office of the High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina prior to the decision, it had been noted that police conduct around the Inter-Entity Boundary Line separating the two entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska, had been the "greatest obstacle to freedom of movement", including intimidation and arbitrary fines.[2]

Elsewhere it has been noted that vehicles which bore licence plates from one entity would be subject to vandalism in the other entity.[3] The development of licence plates which would not serve as proxy identifiers of driver ethnicity was a partial solution to these problems.[4] However, Bosnian towns typically contain all three constitutional ethnicities (Bosniaks, Croats and Serbs) making ethnic identity unclear regardless of the vehicle's origin. The post-1998 system of obscuring the region is also complicated by the fact that drivers of cars, lorries and buses proud of their ethnicity will advertise this phenomenon with all the matching insignia. For example: Croats and Serbs may drive with crosses hanging from their mirrors; besides the fact that Catholic and Orthodox crosses vary in design, they may also have by the cross - or elsewhere visible - their national flags. In addition, Croats and Serbs in areas where they form a majority do not display the flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina or any national Bosnian symbols, making it clear that where Bosnian national markers are shown - whether attached to the registration plate, the back of the car or the interior - the driver/family is Bosniak.

City codes[edit]

Yugoslav plate from Sarajevo

Prior to 1992[edit]

Code Region Code Region Code Region
SA Sarajevo MG Mrkonjić Grad LI Livno
PD Prijedor TR Travnik TB Trebinje
BL Banja Luka ZE Zenica ČP Čapljina
TZ Tuzla BI Bihać KNJ Konjic
MO Mostar DO Doboj Goražde
Brčko VI Visoko ZV Zvornik
BN Bijeljina JC Jajce MD Modriča
BU Bugojno TD Titov Drvar SC Sokolac

Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

Plate from Tuzla (1994-1998)

On the territory controlled by Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina from 1992 were used new license plates. They wore a blue strip on the left side with the "BIH" script and the coat of arms above the script (1992 is no blue stripe). On the white background the form was XX-nnnnLL or XX-nnnnnL, where "XX" was the code of the city, "nnnn"/"nnnnn" were digits, and "LL" two letters (previously one letter), where the first letter denoted the municipality where it was issued (before this is not at all). Towns are given in following table:

Code Region Code Region
SA Sarajevo BI Bihać
PD Prijedor DO Doboj
TZ Tuzla VI Visoko
MO Mostar JC Jajce
BR Brčko BU Bugojno
TR Travnik ZV Zvornik
ZE Zenica MD Modriča
KO Konjic GO Goražde

Serb Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

On territory of so-called "Serb Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina", license plates were used similar to those before the war, with difference that instead of red star, the Serb four-S coat of arms was used. Letters on plates were in Cyrillic script.

Code Region Code Region
СС Sarajevo (Srpsko Sarajevo, Српско Сарајево) СЊ Foča (renamed to Srbinje (Србиње))
ПД Prijedor (Приједор) ДО Doboj (Добој)
БЛ Banja Luka (Бања Лука) ЗВ Zvornik (Зворник)
БЧ Brčko (Брчко) МД Modriča (Модрича)
ТБ Trebinje (Требиње) БН Bijeljina (Бијељина)
МГ Mrkonjić Grad (Мркоњић Град) ВГ Višegrad (Вишеград)

Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia[edit]

On territory of so-called "Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia", license plates were used similar to those of Republic of Croatia, with difference in the shape of shield in Croat coat of arms ("checkerboard"-"šahovnica").

Code Region Code Region
MO Mostar TR Travnik
ČA Čapljina OR Orašje
PO Posušje KI Kiseljak
ŠB Široki Brijeg RA Prozor (renamed to Rama)
JA Jajce ŽE Žepče
TG Tomislavgrad LI Livno
GR Grude LJ Ljubuški

Partial Diplomatic, Consular and Foreign Mission plate prefixes[edit]

These prefixes were also valid for Croatia from 1991 to 1994.

Code Country or Organization
10  France
11  United States
12  Iran
13  Croatia
14  Turkey
15  Germany
16  Austria
17  Saudi Arabia
18  Italy
20  United Kingdom
23  Netherlands
24  Libya
25   Switzerland
26  Egypt
27  Ireland
28  Slovenia
29 Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
30  Canada
32  Sweden
33  Russia
34  Czech Republic
35  United Nations
36  Pakistan
37 Office of the High Representative
38 Commission for Human Rights
39  Norway
40  Bulgaria
41 World Bank
42  Portugal
43  Malaysia
44 United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
46 International Monetary Fund
47 Customs and Fiscal Assistant Office
48  Denmark
49 European Central Bank
50 European Commission in Bosnia and Herzegovina
51 United Nations Development Program
52 International Organization for Migration
53  Belgium
54 Central Bank
55 Commission for Property of Displaced Persons and Refugees
56  Japan
57 United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
58  Macedonia
59  Hungary
60 United Nations Children's Fund
61  Spain
62  Palestine
63  Greece
64 European Union Monitoring Mission
65 International Monetary Group
68 World Health Organization
69  Romania
70 International Centre for Migration Policy Development
71 International Commission for Missing Person
72 Maltese Sovereign Line
73 International Commission of Red Cross and Red Crescent
74  Poland
75  Council of Europe
76 International Trust Fund
77 International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Society
78 International Finance Corporation
79   Vatican City
80  Serbia
81 Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
82  Guinea-Bissau
83 Refugees Return Foundation
84 European Union Police Mission (A prefix), European Union Monitoring Mission (M prefix)
85 Regional Environmental Centre
86 Stability Pact Anti-corruption Initiative
87  Slovakia
88 The Registry
89 High Judicial and Prosecutorial Council
90 Office of the EU Special Representative
91 Japan International Cooperation Agency
92  Montenegro
93  Australia
94  Qatar
95  Ukraine
96 Regional Coordination Council
97 Peace Support Operation Training Centre

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Decision on the Deadlines for the Implementation of the New Uniform Licence Plate System". Office of the High Representative in Bosnia and Herzegovina. 20 May 1998. 
  2. ^ "5th Report of the High Representative, s. 85". Office of the High Representative in Bosnia and Herzegovina. 16 April 1997. 
  3. ^ Dahlman, C.; Ó Tuathail, G. (2000). "The legacy of ethnic cleansing: the international community and the returns process in post-Dayton Bosnia and Herzegovina". Political Geography 24 (5): 569–599. doi:10.1016/j.polgeo.2005.01.007. 
  4. ^ Aitchison, A. (2007). "Police Reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina: State, Democracy and International Assistance". Policing and Society 17 (4): 321–343. doi:10.1080/10439460701717908. 

External links[edit]

Media related to License plates of Bosnia and Herzegovina at Wikimedia Commons